Author Topic: Columbus: 10 years a lab  (Read 2743 times)

Offline bolun

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Columbus: 10 years a lab
« on: 01/18/2018 08:29 PM »
Columbus: 10 years a lab

16 January 2018

In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue… In 2008 another Columbus sailed into space.

Next month, Europe’s Columbus laboratory achieves 10 years in orbit. Circling our planet at 28 800 km/h, this element of the International Space Station created space history as the first European module dedicated to long-term research in weightlessness.

Throughout this year, we will be celebrating its many successes as a remarkable multi-user experiment facility.

A past full of planning

Like the transatlantic voyages that Christopher Columbus made half a millennium ago, the Columbus module was meticulously planned, budgeted, scrapped and redesigned before getting the official blessing to build, ship and launch.

The laboratory ascended to orbit aboard Space Shuttle Atlantis from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, USA on 7 February 2008. Nestling in the spaceplane’s cargo bay, Columbus was accompanied by a seven-man crew.

On 11 February, the crew on the International Space Station captured the new arrival. At that moment, Columbus became Europe’s first permanent human outpost in orbit and Europe became a full partner of the International Space Station.

A decade of scientific research

Columbus houses as many disciplines as possible in a small volume, from astrobiology to solar science through metallurgy and psychology – more than 225 experiments have been carried out during this remarkable decade. Countless papers have been published drawing conclusions from experiments performed in Columbus.

To mark the momentous occasion, the larger Columbus family of planners, builders, scientists, support teams and astronauts will gather to celebrate the lab at ESA’s technical heart in the Netherlands on 7 February. More to come on this event soon …

http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Human_Spaceflight/Columbus/Columbus_10_years_a_lab

Offline jacqmans

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Re: Columbus: 10 years a lab
« Reply #1 on: 01/19/2018 09:20 AM »
The European Columbus module is packed up and loaded for transport to the US in this image from 2006. Built in Turin, Italy, and Bremen, Germany, the completed module was shipped to NASA’s facilities in Cape Canaveral, Florida ahead of its February 2008 launch aboard Space Shuttle Atlantis.
 
Columbus has been providing microgravity research facilities for the past decade. In honour of this milestone, this week’s image celebrates Columbus’ triumph over setbacks. Many events factored into its delayed launch: the bureaucratic challenge of planning and budgeting, construction delays and the tragic 2003 Columbia Shuttle disaster meant Columbus was five years behind schedule by the time it climbed into the sky.
 
So it was with joy and relief when Columbus inside its climate-controlled container was loaded into the Beluga aircraft, an Airbus A300 named after the whale it resembles.
 
Among the many who attended its farewell ceremony was German Chancellor Angela Merkel.
 
Once at Kennedy Space Center in Florida, the fully integrated module underwent final tests before being loaded into the Shuttle payload bay.
 
Since its launch in February 2008, the biggest European contribution to manned spaceflight has provided a multi-disciplinary, multi-user platform for research in biology, fluidics and physics, and technology demonstrations – and continues to do so today.
 
Credit: EADS–I. Wagner

Offline jacqmans

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Re: Columbus: 10 years a lab
« Reply #2 on: 01/19/2018 09:21 AM »
Inside the cylindrical modules of the International Space Station is the standard stuff of technology. Wires, cables and pumps form the framework of the one-of-a-kind European Columbus laboratory, seen here in its early days of assembly.
 
The cornerstone of Europe’s contribution to the Space Station, Columbus is a pressurised laboratory that allows astronauts to work in a comfortable and safe environment.
 
This year marks the 10th anniversary of Columbus in orbit. In celebration of its remarkable decade, we will revisit the technological and scientific milestones of the lab in feature images, beginning with this one taken during its construction in 2001.
 
Like its sister nodes Tranquility and Harmony, Columbus’ assembly began in Turin, Italy. The structure, thermal control and life-support equipment, plumbing and external protection were completed by September 2001.
 
Columbus then moved to the prime contractor in Bremen, Germany for assembly to be completed before being shipped to the US for testing.
 
Although Columbus is the Station’s smallest laboratory module, it provides the same payload volume, power, data retrieval, vacuum and venting services as the other modules, an achievement made possible thanks to careful planning.
 
The lab has been supporting sophisticated research in life and physical sciences, space science, Earth observation and technology demonstrations in weightlessness for the past decade.
 
Credit: ESA

Offline bolun

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Re: Columbus: 10 years a lab
« Reply #3 on: 02/06/2018 05:56 PM »
Live: celebrating 10 years of European space science

2 February 2018

Join us live from ESA’s technical heart in the Netherlands on 7 February for the celebration of the 10th anniversary of the Columbus laboratory and the launch of the first Automated Transfer Vehicle.

One space lab, five spacecraft, 10 years of success. Nearly a decade ago, the Columbus laboratory set sail for humanity’s new world of space.

Shortly afterwards, the first Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV) arrived at the International Space Station as the most reliable and complex spacecraft ever built in Europe.

This event is a unique opportunity to re-live exciting milestones and will feature a connection to the International Space Station as well as a look into space exploration plans.

Tune in to celebrate the past, present and future of Europe’s major contributions to the Station with the larger Columbus family of planners, builders, scientists, support teams and astronauts.

https://livestream.com/accounts/362/events/8030424/player?width=620&height=349&enableInfoAndActivity=true&defaultDrawer=&autoPlay=true&mute=false

Programme (times CET)

13:30    Welcome by Jan Wörner, ESA Director General
13:50   Roundtable “How did Europe join the Space Station?” led by Jörg Feustel-Büechl
14:25   Roundtable “Challenges of a space adventure – from development to launch”, led by Alan Thirkettle
15:10   Video link with the Columbus Control Centre in Germany
15:25   Coffee break
16:00   Roundtable “A decade of European research”, led by Marc Heppener
16:40   Conversation with ESA astronauts
17:15   ESA goes commercial: signing of agreement for the Bartolomeo all-in-one space service
17:25   Closing remarks by David Parker and Mark Geyer
17:45   Live call with the International Space Station
18:05   End

http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Human_Spaceflight/Columbus/Live_celebrating_10_years_of_European_space_science

Offline Rik ISS-fan

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Re: Columbus: 10 years a lab
« Reply #4 on: 02/06/2018 06:10 PM »


And ESA video's

Edit to add:
Maybe nice to add the launch configuration of Columbus. It's in this image.

source: ESA kids
« Last Edit: 02/06/2018 06:14 PM by Rik ISS-fan »

Offline Rik ISS-fan

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Re: Columbus: 10 years a lab
« Reply #5 on: 02/07/2018 08:34 PM »
Four additional videos were posted on ESA's youtube channel today. I post one:


And during the 10 year Columbus anniversary event. The PPP (Public Privet Partnership) was signed between ESA and Airbus Defense and Space, for the Bartolomeo external experiment facility. (links in the other topic.)

Edit to add: link to Airbus Columbus anniversary article
« Last Edit: 02/07/2018 08:51 PM by Rik ISS-fan »

Offline catdlr

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Re: Columbus: 10 years a lab
« Reply #6 on: 02/08/2018 03:38 AM »
The making of Columbus


European Space Agency, ESA
Published on Feb 7, 2018

From building to liftoff and installation, these images show the making of European space lab Columbus and its daily use for out-of-this-world research.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JeAWRy2L0zg?t=001

Tony De La Rosa

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