Author Topic: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots  (Read 60073 times)

Offline Ares67

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Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« on: 12/26/2011 09:25 AM »
In August 1973 NASA and the European Space Agency ESA had agreed to develop a reusable manned science laboratory, which could be flown aboard the space shuttle in variable configurations. ESA would build two
Spacelab long modules and several pallets. In return there would be a flight opportunity for a West-European citizen aboard the first flight Spacelab 1.

Offline Ares67

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #1 on: 12/26/2011 09:34 AM »
So job offers for "science astronauts" went out in 1977 - this one by the German Institute for Aerospace Research and Development (Deutsche Forschungs- und Versuchsanstalt für Luft- und Raumfahrt - DFVLR)

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #2 on: 12/26/2011 09:42 AM »
Three Europeans - Wubbo Ockels (The Netherlands), Claude Nicollier (Switzerland) and Ulf Merbold (West-Germany) - were selected as candidates for the position aboard Spacelab 1. NASA nominated Michael Lampton and Byron Lichtenberg as American scientists to join the group.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #3 on: 12/26/2011 09:56 AM »
Since West-Germany had assumed project leadership and contributed more than half of the 850 million US dollars for Spacelab, it was not really a surprise that Ulf Merbold finally became the first non-American to launch into space aboard a U.S. spacecraft. Wubbo Ockels was nominated as possible backup. NASA put Byron Lichtenberg into the second PS seat aboard Spacelab 1, with Michael Lampton as backup. All selected Spacelab science astronauts would support Merbold and Lichtenberg during training and flight operations.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #4 on: 12/26/2011 10:13 AM »
The media called him "Unser Ulf" (Our Ulf) and "Unser Mann im All" (Our Man in Space) and we West-Germans took great interest into this mission, since we had a chance to "get even" with communist East-Germany. The German Democratic Republic had flow their "Fliegerkosmonaut" Sigmund Jähn aboard Soyuz 31 / Salyut 6 in 1978. Remember - back then there was a Cold War between the western and the communist world and these facts mattered a lot. (I will return to Sigmund Jähn at the end of this STS-9 thread...)
« Last Edit: 12/26/2011 10:35 AM by Ares67 »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #5 on: 12/26/2011 10:17 AM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #6 on: 12/26/2011 10:21 AM »
Merbold during simulator training in Houston

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #7 on: 12/26/2011 10:23 AM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #8 on: 12/26/2011 10:35 AM »
Since most Spacelab training took place at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Merbold and his family - his wife Birgit (a school teacher) and their children Susanne and Hannes - temporarily moved to the US.
« Last Edit: 12/26/2011 10:36 AM by Ares67 »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #9 on: 12/26/2011 10:41 AM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #10 on: 12/26/2011 10:51 AM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #11 on: 12/26/2011 11:02 AM »
Spacelab 1 Preparations
« Last Edit: 12/26/2011 11:08 AM by Ares67 »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #12 on: 12/26/2011 11:07 AM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #13 on: 12/26/2011 11:10 AM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #14 on: 12/26/2011 11:14 AM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #15 on: 12/26/2011 11:17 AM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #16 on: 12/26/2011 11:26 AM »
STS-9 Preparations

During OPF operations for STS-9 Columbia finally received a galley.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #17 on: 12/26/2011 11:28 AM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #18 on: 12/26/2011 11:32 AM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #19 on: 12/26/2011 11:34 AM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #20 on: 12/26/2011 11:38 AM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #21 on: 12/26/2011 11:48 AM »
Columbia took this journey twice, since she had to be rolled back to the VAB after an anomaly surfaced on one of the SRB nozzles of the just returned STS-8 mission.
« Last Edit: 12/26/2011 12:20 PM by Ares67 »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #22 on: 12/26/2011 12:19 PM »
One of the SRB nozzles on STS-9 had been applied with  the same flawed  insulation material, that had nearly burned through during Challenger's mission in August 1983. A replacement was ordered and the launch of STS-9 had to be delayed until November 28, 1983.

STS-9 had originally targeted a September launch date, but already had to be pushed into October, because the TDRS-A data-relay satellite - which was essential for the Spacelab mission - had not been operational in time. Originally even the second TDRS should have been launched on STS-8, but technical troubles with the IUS during STS-6 in April had prevented that.

With STS-9 moving into late November/early December 1983, planned earth observation tasks from Columbia's high inclination orbit (57 degrees) would now suffer from reduced lighting in the northern hemisphere.

« Last Edit: 12/26/2011 12:22 PM by Ares67 »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #23 on: 12/26/2011 12:24 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #24 on: 12/26/2011 12:26 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #25 on: 12/26/2011 12:27 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #26 on: 12/26/2011 12:34 PM »
John Young and his crew at launch pad 39A

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #27 on: 12/26/2011 12:39 PM »
Crew arrival for launch

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #28 on: 12/26/2011 12:41 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #29 on: 12/26/2011 12:43 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #30 on: 12/26/2011 12:46 PM »
Thank-you for all your screenshots thusfar of the shuttle missions!!

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #31 on: 12/26/2011 12:55 PM »
November 27, 1983 - T-1 day and counting

One day before the planned launch nothing was certain. Bad weather over the US Southeast and at Zaragoza, Spain, one of the planned TAL sites, threatened another delay. If Columbia would not leave the pad until December 1, the launch had to be delayed until late February 1984, in order to minimize effects on the scientific return of planned earth observation and astronomy experiments.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #32 on: 12/26/2011 12:58 PM »
Thank-you for all your screenshots thusfar of the shuttle missions!!

You are welcome. I'm glad you are enjoying it.  :)

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #33 on: 12/26/2011 01:07 PM »
November 28, 1983 - Launch Day


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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #34 on: 12/26/2011 01:10 PM »
Crew breakfast

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #35 on: 12/26/2011 01:12 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #36 on: 12/26/2011 01:17 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #37 on: 12/26/2011 01:20 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #38 on: 12/26/2011 01:25 PM »
Crew walkout

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #39 on: 12/26/2011 01:30 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #40 on: 12/26/2011 01:35 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #41 on: 12/26/2011 01:41 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #42 on: 12/26/2011 01:45 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #43 on: 12/26/2011 01:50 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #44 on: 12/26/2011 01:53 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #45 on: 12/26/2011 01:58 PM »
Merbold in the white room

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #46 on: 12/26/2011 06:39 PM »
Prelaunch message by President Ronald Reagan to the Crew of Columbia STS-9

Each time we send a mission to space, we enter an area stretching millions of miles beyond the surface of the Earth. This effort is the focus of the hopes, dreams and daring of innumerable men and women who have made it the last great frontier of human endeavor.

As we seek to conquer this frontier, we stand on the shoulders of giants of science out of the past whose scientific knowledge, like science itself, knows no international boundaries. It is most fitting then, that this ninth Space Shuttle mission, a true international cooperative endeavor, be devoted solely to the pursuit of increased scientific information in orbit.

Spacelab, which will orbit the earth in the Shuttle's cargo bay, is the first full-scale scientific laboratory to go into space. It was funded, developed, and built by the European Space Agency. I congratulate our European friends on this magnificent achievement. A dedicated team of European scientists and engineers worked ten years to complete it. The United States is proud to be a partner in what is the largest international space project in history.

Spacelab will open new opportunities for scientific research, experimentation, and expanded industrial applications to better our lives on earth and allow us to do work in space to create jobs on our planet. In future years, we will look back on this mission marking the first flight of a non-American aboard the Shuttle as a milestone in our international cooperative efforts to use space for peaceful purposes benefitting all mankind

We send our best wishes to the crew of the Columbia as they set out on their journey. May Captain John Young and Pilot Brewster Shaw, Mission Specialists Owen Garriott and Bob Parker, and Payload Specialists Ulf Merbold of ESA and Byron Lichtenberg all have a successful mission.

Bon voyage and God bless you.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #47 on: 12/26/2011 06:42 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #48 on: 12/26/2011 06:48 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #49 on: 12/26/2011 06:53 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #50 on: 12/26/2011 06:56 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #51 on: 12/26/2011 07:00 PM »
PAO: T-1 minute and counting. The hydrogen igniters under the orbiter’s engines have now been armed. These devices are used to ensure that any hydrogen flowing through the engines prior to ignition does not accumulate… T-45 seconds, 14 seconds away from switching command to the onboard computers. The Spacelab countdown is now complete. Coming up on the 30 second point. And we go for auto-sequence start. The SRB hydraulic power units have started. These move the solid motor nozzles to steer the vehicle.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #52 on: 12/26/2011 07:07 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #53 on: 12/26/2011 07:15 PM »
PAO: T-20 seconds… 18… 17… 16… 15… 14… 13… 12… 10… we have a go for main engine start… 8… 7… 6… we have main engine start. 3… 2… 1… solid motor ignition and lift-off. Lift-off of Columbia and the first flight of the European Space Agency’s Spacelab. The shuttle has cleared the tower…

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #54 on: 12/26/2011 07:20 PM »
Lift-off came at 11:00 am EST

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #55 on: 12/26/2011 07:24 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #56 on: 12/26/2011 07:29 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #57 on: 12/26/2011 07:32 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #58 on: 12/26/2011 07:35 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #59 on: 12/26/2011 07:39 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #60 on: 12/26/2011 07:43 PM »
CapCom: Roger, roll.

PAO: Vehicle rolling from tail south around a 35 degree azimuth northeast… altitude 1.1… All APUs running at 106% rpm… distance one mile, 2.7 nautical miles altitude… 5 miles altitude…

CapCom: Columbia, Houston, you are go at throttle up.

PAO: Throttling up from 85% back to the 488,000 lbs of thrust that each of Columbia’s new engines has… 13 miles altitude, ten miles downrange. Each of the three fuel cells producing 7.8, 7.2 and 7.2 kilowatts respectively. 20 miles altitude, 18 miles downrange, velocity 4163 feet per second.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #61 on: 12/26/2011 07:45 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #62 on: 12/26/2011 07:48 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #63 on: 12/26/2011 07:54 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #64 on: 12/26/2011 08:03 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #65 on: 12/26/2011 08:07 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #66 on: 12/26/2011 08:12 PM »
Young: Pc less than 50.

CapCom: Roger on the pc.

PAO: 25 miles altitude, 26 miles downrange…

Young: We have separation.

CapCom: Roger, SRB sep.

PAO: SRBs have separated. SRB engines have pulled away from the spacecraft at this time.
« Last Edit: 12/26/2011 08:12 PM by Ares67 »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #67 on: 12/26/2011 08:18 PM »
John Young was as enthusiastic after his sixth launch into space, as he probably had been after his first - Gemini 3 back in 1965:

"That is really some ride, I want to tell you. It hadn't changed a bit. It's the smoothest way to fly you ever saw."
« Last Edit: 12/26/2011 08:44 PM by Ares67 »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #68 on: 12/26/2011 08:29 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #69 on: 12/26/2011 08:33 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #70 on: 12/26/2011 08:36 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #71 on: 12/26/2011 08:43 PM »
With the Ku-band antenna Columbia was in contact with the ground for about one half of every orbit - thanks to the additional capacity provided by TDRS-A.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #72 on: 12/26/2011 08:48 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #73 on: 12/26/2011 08:59 PM »
On their fourth lap around the earth, Columbia astronauts had a bit of a struggle opening the airlock hatch leading to their space laboratory. But with the right amount of patience, force - and a swiss army knife - they succeded at last.
« Last Edit: 12/26/2011 09:09 PM by Ares67 »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #74 on: 12/26/2011 09:04 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #75 on: 12/26/2011 09:09 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #76 on: 12/26/2011 09:23 PM »
CapCom (Franklin Chang-Diaz): And Columbia, Houston, we can see you coming down the tunnel. You’ve got about 11 and a half more minutes of TV coverage. Welcome to Spacelab.

Garriott: Okay, we are just moving into Spacelab right now.

PAO: Left in the field of view mission specialist Owen Garriott and to the right payload specialist Byron Lichtenberg, followed by European Space Agency’s payload specialist Ulf Merbold… now in the Spacelab module for the first time.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #77 on: 12/26/2011 09:28 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #78 on: 12/26/2011 09:42 PM »
But there wasn't much time for celebration - 72 Experiments in the areas of life sciences, materials science, Earth observation, astronomy and atmospheric physics stood on the agenda. In order to maximise the resulting amount of data, the astronauts worked 24/7 in two shifts. The "Red Team" consisted of CDR John Young, MS2 Robert Parker and PS1 Ulf Merbold, the "Blue Team" of PLT Brewster Shaw, MS1 Owen Garriott and PS2 Byron Lichtenberg.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #79 on: 12/26/2011 09:58 PM »
A second Mission Control, responsible for all scientific aspects of the mission, had been established at Johnson Space Center. In addition to the POCC (Payloads Operations Control Center) project scientists at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville and at Oberpfaffenhofen near Munich in West-Germany had the chance to follow their experiments and sometimes speak directly to the astronauts.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #80 on: 12/26/2011 10:03 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #81 on: 12/26/2011 10:11 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #82 on: 12/26/2011 10:13 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #83 on: 12/26/2011 10:16 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #84 on: 12/26/2011 10:17 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #85 on: 12/26/2011 10:23 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #86 on: 12/26/2011 10:27 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #87 on: 12/26/2011 10:33 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #88 on: 12/26/2011 10:37 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #89 on: 12/26/2011 10:40 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #90 on: 12/26/2011 10:44 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #91 on: 12/26/2011 10:49 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #92 on: 12/26/2011 10:53 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #93 on: 12/26/2011 10:57 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #94 on: 12/26/2011 11:00 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #95 on: 12/26/2011 11:08 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #96 on: 12/26/2011 11:11 PM »
PAO: Now receiving downlink television of the exterior of the Spacelab module. Meanwhile inside Owen Garriott in the process of…

POCC: …Spacelab, we can see experiment 22 come cranking out of Spacelab… really good real time shot.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #97 on: 12/26/2011 11:14 PM »
PAO: Standing by for retraction of experiment 22, the wide-field camera, which has been photographing ultra-violet emissions from various astronomical sources during this night pass of the orbit. It must be retracted into the cell and the cover closed to protect the camera during the daylight portion of the orbit.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #98 on: 12/26/2011 11:16 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #99 on: 12/26/2011 11:21 PM »
PAO: The orbiter passing now off the coast of Canada into the Atlantic Ocean… continuing to receive live downlink television.

POCC: Spacelab, Marshall Ops for Byron.

Lichtenberg: Alright.

POCC: Yeah, we are getting some really spectacular video downlinks from the payload bay cameras. You guys just passed over Hudson Bay we believe. And I guess we are seeing a lot of cloud patterns over Hudson Bay. Just before that we were seeing large bodies of water.

Lichtenberg: Roger, we copy the same thing. I’ve got it onto my home movie 16mm-film also.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #100 on: 12/26/2011 11:26 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #101 on: 12/26/2011 11:29 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #102 on: 12/26/2011 11:34 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #103 on: 12/26/2011 11:37 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #104 on: 12/26/2011 11:39 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #105 on: 12/26/2011 11:42 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #106 on: 12/26/2011 11:44 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #107 on: 12/26/2011 11:46 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #108 on: 12/27/2011 03:55 PM »
December 5, 1983 - Official PR Event

The German Minister of Science and Technology, Heinz Riesenhuber,  and  the US ambassador to Germany, Arthur Burns, had been talking to Ulf Merbold earlier in the morning.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #109 on: 12/27/2011 03:59 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #110 on: 12/27/2011 04:05 PM »
Now during the afternoon their bosses took over during an international conference call: Helmut Kohl at the European Community Summit in Athens, Greece, Ronald Reagan at the White House in Washington D.C., Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, and the astronauts aboard the Columbia. Later journalists from Bonn/Germany, Brussels/Belgium, DenHaag/The Netherlands, Geneva/Switzerland, Rome/Italy and London/UK had the chance to ask the crew about their experiences during this first Spacelab mission.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #111 on: 12/27/2011 04:13 PM »
Reagan: Greetings from Washington. Chancellor Kohl is with us all the way from Athens, Greece. Along with you astronauts hovering in space with me here in Washington and the whole world listening, this is one heck of a conference call.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #112 on: 12/27/2011 04:18 PM »
Reagan: Seriously though, this Space Shuttle mission represents the enormous potential available to mankind. The Spacelab, in which the experiments are carried out, was designed and built by the European Space Agency. The Federal Republic of Germany and other European contributors can be especially proud of this achievement.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #113 on: 12/27/2011 04:21 PM »
Reagan: It is fitting, that on this the German/American tricentennial, a German astronaut is part of the Shuttle team. The Shuttle is demonstrating that technology can be used to bring people together in a new spirit of enterprise and cooperation to better their lives and ensure the peace of mankind. I know Chancellor Kohl agrees with me that this Shuttle mission, with it’s German and American crew, represents the highest aspirations of our two people. Chancellor Kohl, this is a great day. Perhaps you could give us your thoughts on this marvelous occasion.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #114 on: 12/27/2011 04:23 PM »
Kohl (in German/translated): Thank you very much, Mr. President. It is a terrific experience for us to be able to talk together this way and to talk to the crew as well. Above all I want to send my best wishes to my countryman. Dear Mr. Merbold, I would like to take this opportunity to assure you and your colleagues, your team members, that I and all countrymen in Germany have with great excitement and pride been following your flight for days now. We are proud indeed, that your participation in this highly successful experiment is at this time demonstrating in such an impressive way the close ties between Europe and the United States.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #115 on: 12/27/2011 04:28 PM »
Kohl: And that this mission shows once again that we Europeans are in fact able to stand the test in terms of technology of the future. This US/European Shuttle mission is indeed a convincing proof of the closeness of Europe and the United States.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #116 on: 12/27/2011 04:33 PM »
Kohl: President Reagan has already pointed out that it is an exceedingly happy  circumstance – of which of course we are very much aware – that it is possible to have a German scientist, a European astronaut, as a member of the crew at this particular time of the tricentennial celebrations of German/American relations – remembering the time when the first Germans came to the United States.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #117 on: 12/27/2011 04:36 PM »
Reagan and Kohl then for about 15 minutes spoke directly to the astronauts, who in turn showed them the inside of Spacelab and the Shuttle middeck and reported how successful this mission had been so far. Then the U.S. President brought this part of the conference call to a close.

Reagan: I thank Chancellor Kohl, and thank you all of our astronauts. God bless you and Godspeed on your journey home.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #118 on: 12/27/2011 04:52 PM »
With the official event behind them, the astronaut's dress code was much more relaxed... ;D

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #119 on: 12/27/2011 05:03 PM »
John Young not only was the commander of this mission - he also was "chef de cuisine", using Columbia's brand new galley.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #120 on: 12/27/2011 05:13 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #121 on: 12/27/2011 05:19 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #122 on: 12/27/2011 05:24 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #123 on: 12/27/2011 05:32 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #124 on: 12/27/2011 05:38 PM »
Hydrogen gas bubbles in your coffee? One of the dangers of spaceflight... ;D

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #125 on: 12/27/2011 05:42 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #126 on: 12/27/2011 06:10 PM »
December 8, 1983 - Landing Day

STS-9 became the first shuttle mission to receive an additional flight day while already in orbit, because mission planers saw a chance to get more data (STS-3 had stayed in orbit an additional day because of a landing delay).

Overcoming the failure of a data acquisition unit, short circuits in heating facilities used for materials sciences experiments, a jammed film magazine in the Metric Camera and scheduling conflicts during the earlier part of the mission, the astronauts got into a good work routine for the rest of the mission. And so they put the extra day to good use.

But all good things have come to an end - and so the airlock leading to Spacelab was closed for a final time on this mission.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #127 on: 12/27/2011 06:22 PM »
But then the astronauts did get another mission extension - one nobody had asked for...


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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #128 on: 12/27/2011 06:40 PM »
Targeting an early morning Edwards landing at 7:58 am PST (4:58 pm CET), John Young fired RCS thrusters in order to get into the right attitude for the OMS deorbit burn. At this moment the crew noticed an unusual jolt - and GPC #1 was down.

Houston gave a "go ahead" for the landing preparations, and a few minutes later GPC #2 also gave up!

"My knees started shaking. When the next computer failed I turned to jelly. Our eyes opened a lot wider than they were before. And it's hard to get them closed again", Young admitted later.

« Last Edit: 12/27/2011 06:41 PM by Ares67 »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #129 on: 12/27/2011 07:03 PM »
The early morning landing opportunity was cancelled. John Young and Brewster Shaw started troubleshooting and after about 40 minutes were able to revive GPC #2. GPC #1 didn't come back to life. And while they had already enough on their hands, one of three redundant IMU failed, too.

Obviously it was time to come home. Another preliminary landing attempt at 2:14 pm PST (11:14 pm CET) did get waived off for another orbit. Columbia now was to return at 3:47 pm PST.

As that meant 12:47 am on December 9 in Central Europe, I personally got really worried. I was 16 years old and had to go to school early in the morning. But luckily I did get a "special dispensation" by my parents and was allowed to stay up until after the shuttle had landed. ;D
« Last Edit: 12/27/2011 07:04 PM by Ares67 »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #130 on: 12/27/2011 07:08 PM »
Here they come...

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #131 on: 12/27/2011 07:15 PM »
PAO: Columbia approximately prefinal at 17,000 feet, coming down at 128 feet per second, ten miles from the runway. Flight Dynamics Officer reports it looks very good coming around the heading alignment circle… very large turnaround heading alignment circle… 309 degrees.

Young: We are through the HAC, Houston.

CapCom (John Blaha): Roger, surface winds are calm.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #132 on: 12/27/2011 07:21 PM »
PAO: 10,000 feet, dropping 170 feet per second, 7 miles from the runway. Columbia is on centerline, on glide slope. Columbia on it’s final approach to the runway, five miles out. 5000 feet. Approximately 285 knots. Still in manual flight control mode. Commander John Young controlling the vehicle.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #133 on: 12/27/2011 07:26 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #134 on: 12/27/2011 07:33 PM »
PAO: Coming into the flare… gear coming down…  gear down and locked. And we have touchdown. Unofficial touchdown time for the main gear 10:07:47:23… nose gear coming down… and gear contact. Nose down at 10:07:47:41. And STS-9 is home from the longest shuttle mission to date.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #135 on: 12/27/2011 07:37 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #136 on: 12/27/2011 07:43 PM »
Young: Wheels stop on the Columbia.

CapCom: Roger that, Columbia, welcome home. Beautiful landing.
« Last Edit: 12/27/2011 07:48 PM by Ares67 »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #137 on: 12/27/2011 07:45 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #138 on: 12/27/2011 07:59 PM »
At nosewheel touchdown GPC #2 had crashed again... but who cared now?
What nobody knew or saw at that time: The birds tail was on fire!

"John was on fire when he landed; of course, he didn't know it at the time. He didn't find out about it until about a day later. But that's the best time to find those kinds of things out...", Director of Flight Crew Operations George Abbey described how they learned about this incident.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #139 on: 12/27/2011 08:04 PM »
Here an excerpt from "Wings in Space"

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #140 on: 12/27/2011 08:09 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #141 on: 12/27/2011 08:15 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #142 on: 12/27/2011 08:20 PM »
PAO: And the crew coming down the walkway now. And a good round of applause from Mission Control flight controllers.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #143 on: 12/27/2011 08:22 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #144 on: 12/27/2011 08:23 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #145 on: 12/27/2011 08:26 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #146 on: 12/27/2011 08:29 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #147 on: 12/27/2011 08:36 PM »
PAO: And the hanging of the plaque, a privilege granted by the lead flight director to some of the team members he considers to have turned in the best performance during the flight. Upon the ladder Bob Castle from the INCO position, the people that handle communications…

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #148 on: 12/27/2011 08:42 PM »
PAO: Very precarious position in placing the plaque alongside that of STS-8 and the other shuttle missions on the left wall.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #149 on: 12/27/2011 08:44 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #150 on: 12/27/2011 08:47 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #151 on: 12/27/2011 08:49 PM »
Statement from President Ronald Reagan after the return of STS-9

The whole world is delighted to see Columbia and Spacelab back on the ground, safe and sound after a truly successful 10-day adventure.

Our congratulations to the entire shuttle team - the astronauts as well as the thousands on the ground who made this mission possible. In particular, I want to thank the dean of American astronauts, Commander John Young, our German friend, Ulf Merbold, the European Space Agency, and all the folks at NASA. Well done!

Your great success is a shining example of what free people working together can do. This cooperative effort between Americans and Europeans will add to our treasure of human knowledge and be put to practical use, improving our lives on Earth.

New horizons have been discovered and old boundaries pushed back. It proves that there's never a time when we should stop dreaming. We will continue to challenge our imagination and aim high. The ultimate frontier of space will be a quest for mankind's highest aspirations - the opportunity for individuals, cooperation among nations, and peace on Earth.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #152 on: 12/27/2011 08:53 PM »
And while the commander and pilot of STS-9 received a heroes welcome at Ellington Field...
« Last Edit: 12/27/2011 09:04 PM by Ares67 »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #153 on: 12/27/2011 09:03 PM »
... the other four crewmembers had to perform additional tasks in the name of life sciences. Here some pictures of Ulf Merbold repeating experiments already performed in space - this time in a 1g environment. But the four astronauts even returned to zero g for a short period of time - aboard the KC-135 "Vomit Comet". Scientists wanted as much data as possible in order to understand changes to the human body in space - and upon return to earth.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #154 on: 12/27/2011 09:11 PM »
« Last Edit: 12/27/2011 10:24 PM by Ares67 »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #155 on: 12/27/2011 09:16 PM »
December 15, 1983 - Columbia returns to KSC

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #156 on: 12/27/2011 09:37 PM »
December 28, 1983 - Our Ulf is back

After returning to Frankfurt Airport in Germany Ulf Merbold had to perfom another tight schedule:

The President of the Federal Republic of Germany, Karl Carstens, and Chancellor Helmut Kohl invited him, as did Lothar Späth, Governor of Merbolds homestate Baden-Wuerttemberg. Here at the provincial capital Stuttgart "Our Ulf" received the Order of Merit of Baden-Wuerttemberg.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #157 on: 12/27/2011 09:44 PM »
Ulf Merbold received the First Class Order of Merit, the highest civil medal awarded by the Federal Republic of Germany, from the hands of the Minister of Science and Technology, Heinz Riesenhuber.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #158 on: 12/27/2011 09:57 PM »
But what Ulf Merbold really wanted was - of course - the chance to do it again. With several more Spacelab flights on the horizon there was a real chance to fulfill this dream - even if his wife Birgit had some reservations...
And Merbold would fly again - aboard Discovery STS-42. And this wouldn't be his final trip into space...

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #159 on: 12/27/2011 10:06 PM »
Sigmund Jähn - The first German in Space

As I said at the beginning of this thread, communist East-Germany had put their own man into space aboard a Soviet Intercosmos mission to the Salyut 6 space station in 1978. Here some pictures of this flight.
« Last Edit: 12/27/2011 10:09 PM by Ares67 »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #160 on: 12/27/2011 10:09 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #161 on: 12/27/2011 10:14 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #162 on: 12/27/2011 10:18 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #163 on: 12/27/2011 10:21 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #164 on: 12/27/2011 10:23 PM »

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #165 on: 12/27/2011 10:33 PM »
And then in the 1990s , after the two German states had been finally reunited, Sigmund Jähn and Ulf Merbold worked together, preparing German astronauts for missions to the MIR space station. Merbold himself would fly to MIR aboard Soyuz TM-20 in 1994.

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #166 on: 12/27/2011 10:39 PM »
You will find more STS-9 pictures in high-resolution in the L2 section:

http://forum.nasaspaceflight.com/index.php?topic=10734.0

 :)

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Re: Columbia STS-9 / Spacelab 1 - Screenshots
« Reply #167 on: 11/26/2017 09:03 PM »
bump for historic video....

STS-9 Columbia-Spacelab 1 Highlights1983 NASA; Post Flight Press Conference Film; John Young

Jeff Quitney
Published on Nov 26, 2017

"Commander: John W. Young
Pilot: Brewster H. Shaw, Jr.
Mission Specialists: Owen K. Garriott, Robert A. R. Parker
Payload Specialists: Byron K. Lichtenberg (MIT), Ulf Merbold (Germany)
Dates: November 28-December 8, 1983
Vehicle: Columbia OV-102
Payloads: Spacelab-1
Landing site: Runway 17 dry lakebed at Edwards AFB, CA

Narrated by the Commander and crew, this program contains footage selected by the astronauts, as well as their comments on the mission. Footage includes launch, onboard crew activities, and landing."

NASA film JSC-848

Reupload of a previously uploaded film, in one piece instead of multiple parts, and with improved video & sound.

STS-9 (also known as STS-41A and Spacelab 1) was a NASA Space Shuttle mission which carried the first Spacelab module into orbit to conduct space-based scientific experiments. It was the sixth mission of the Space Shuttle Columbia and was Columbia's last flight until STS-61-C in January 1986. It was also the last time the old STS numbering was used until STS-26 (in the aftermath of the Challenger disaster of STS-51-L). Under the new system, STS-9 would have been designated as STS-41-A...

STS-9 launched successfully from Kennedy Space Center at 11 am EST on 28 November 1983.

The shuttle's crew was divided into two teams, each working 12-hour shifts for the duration of the mission. Young, Parker and Merbold formed the Red Team, while Shaw, Garriott, and Lichtenberg made up the Blue Team. Usually, the commander and the pilot team members were assigned to the flight deck, while the mission and payload specialists worked inside the Spacelab.

Over the course of the mission, seventy-two scientific experiments were carried out, spanning the fields of atmospheric and plasma physics, astronomy, solar physics, material sciences, technology, life sciences and Earth observations. The Spacelab effort went so well that the mission was extended an additional day to 10 days, making it the longest-duration shuttle flight at that time.

In addition, Garriott made the first ham radio transmissions by an amateur radio operator in space during the flight. This led to many further space flights incorporating amateur radio as an educational and backup communications tool.

The Spacelab 1 mission was highly successful, proving the feasibility of the concept of carrying out complex experiments in space using non-NASA persons trained as payload specialists in collaboration with a POCC. Moreover, the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite, now fully operational, was able to relay vasts amounts of data through its ground terminal to the POCC.

During orbiter orientation, four hours before re-entry, one of the flight control computers crashed when the RCS thrusters were fired. A few minutes later, a second crashed in a similar fashion but was successfully rebooted. Young delayed the landing, letting the orbiter drift. He later testified: "Had we then activated the Backup Flight Software, loss of vehicle and crew would have resulted." Post-flight analysis revealed the GPCs failed when the RCS thruster motion knocked a piece of solder loose and shorted out the CPU board.

Columbia landed on Runway 17 at Edwards Air Force Base on 8 December 1983, at 3:47 pm PST, having completed 166 orbits and travelled 4.3 million miles (6.9×106 km) over the course of its mission. Right before landing, two of the orbiter's three auxiliary power units caught fire due to a hydrazine leak, but the orbiter nonetheless landed successfully. Columbia was ferried back to KSC on 15 December. The leak was later discovered after it had burned itself out and caused major damage to the compartment.

-------------------------------------------------

Originally a public domain film from the US National Archives slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied.
The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original).

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l1kErrPZ49M?t=001

Tony De La Rosa

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