Author Topic: EU to build Communication Satellite Constellation IRIS2  (Read 5280 times)

Offline XRZ.YZ

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https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2022/11/17/council-and-european-parliament-agree-on-boosting-secure-communications-with-a-new-satellite-system/

The Council and the European Parliament today reached a provisional agreement on a regulation establishing the EU's secure connectivity programme for the period 2023-2027.

Martin Kupka, Czech minister for transport
Safe and reliable communication is a cornerstone of the EU's strategic autonomy. The secure connectivity programme will build a multi-orbital constellation of hundreds of satellites, which will cover the EU's need for secure communication services and will underpin our position as one of the main players in space. More importantly, it will bring many benefits to citizens and their daily lives.

Martin Kupka, Czech minister for transport
Providing secure communication services to member states…
The programme sets goals for the European Union to deploy an EU satellite constellation called 'IRIS2' (Infrastructure for Resilience, Interconnectivity and Security by Satellite), which will enable secure communication services by 2027.

Cyberattacks and natural disasters can lead to the breakdown of terrestrial communication networks. The establishment of this constellation will provide for a better connected critical infrastructure and high-speed and resilient independent satellite communication services.

The programme will provide governmental services covering critical infrastructure protection, situational awareness, and support for external actions and crisis management. All of these services will improve the EU's resilience.

...and facilitating broadband access for all users
The programme is not aimed merely at benefiting government bodies and EU institutions, but also enables the provision of commercial services by the private sector, thereby contributing to the competitiveness of European industry.

The programme is linked to the Commission's proposal on the EU's Global Gateway Strategy. It will enable the provision of affordable internet access everywhere in Europe and will provide secure connectivity over geographical areas of strategic interest, such as the Arctic region and Africa.

EU strategic autonomy
The programme is particularly important with regard to low Earth orbits which are increasingly occupied by third-country mega-constellations, with EU operators facing challenges due to the capital-intensive nature of such projects. The secure connectivity programme is therefore important as a means of increasing the EU’s resilience and its strategic autonomy in space and on the ground.

The initiative will benefit from the expertise of the European industrial space industry, both from the well-established industrial players and the New Space ecosystem. The programme builds on the GOVSATCOM component of the EU space programme. It will take into account synergies with the other components of the EU space programme, such as the Galileo (satellite navigation) and Copernicus (Earth observation) systems, as well as space situational awareness capacities.

Implementation
The Commission will be the owner of tangible and intangible assets relating to the governmental infrastructure developed under this programme. The financing of the secure connectivity programme will come from the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) 2021-2027. The programme deploys a total amount of €2.4 billion, part of which will be earmarked from programmes such as the EU space programme, Horizon Europe and the Neighbourhood Development and International Cooperation Instrument - Global Europe (NDICI). The programme will be implemented in cooperation with the European Space Agency and the European space industry.

The infrastructure will be procured by the Commission through a public-private partnership via competitively awarded contracts to industry. Selected contractors will develop, validate, build and deploy the EU-owned governmental infrastructure to provide strengthened governmental services. In addition, commercial infrastructure would also be used to provide governmental services as well as commercial services.

Next steps
The provisional agreement reached today is subject to approval by the Council and the European Parliament.

From the Council’s side, the provisional political agreement is subject to approval by member states representatives (in 'Coreper') before going through the formal steps of the adoption procedure.
« Last Edit: 11/18/2022 01:09 pm by zubenelgenubi »
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Offline XRZ.YZ

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Re: EU to build Communication Satellite Constellation IRIS2
« Reply #1 on: 11/17/2022 11:36 pm »
https://twitter.com/ThierryBreton/status/1593312262139379719

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/welcome-iris-europes-new-infrastructure-resilience-security-breton/?published=t

This is historic! After Galileo and Copernicus, we are adding a third constellation to our European portfolio of strategic space infrastructures.

Welcome to IRIS², Europe's new Infrastructure for Resilience, Interconnection & Security by Satellites. 

Europe as a space power
Yes, we have just reached agreement with the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament on the legal text establishing this new critical infrastructure for the EU.

With an EU budget of €2.4 billion (plus a contribution from ESA and private investments to come), IRIS² establishes space as a vector of our European autonomy, a vector of connectivity and a vector of resilience.

It heightens Europe’s role as a true space power. With a clear ambition and sense of direction.

An increasingly contested geostrategic environment
The efforts and energy made at European level to move this initiative forward at record speed also reflect, in my view, the importance of IRIS² in an increasingly contested geostrategic environment. 

Space is indeed a much coveted area in which the European Union must guarantee its essential interests. And our space technologies have become strategic capabilities for our citizens, for the resilience of our economies and of course for our armies.

Following today's agreement in trilogue (Commission, Council, Parliament), we will start work as of tomorrow to roll out the implementation of this important project.

Here too I want to move quickly, in line with what the co-legislators’ speed and determination in the negotiation, because we cannot wait any longer.

The framework defined today is very clear:

-        IRIS² will be a sovereign constellation, which imposes strict eligibility criteria and security requirements.

-        IRIS² will be a constellation focused on government services, including defence applications. 

-        IRIS² will provide connectivity to the whole of Europe, including areas that do not currently benefit from broadband Internet, as well as to the whole of Africa, using the constellation's North-South orbits.

-        IRIS² will be a "new space" constellation the European way, integrating the know-how of the major European space industries - but also the dynamism of our start-ups, who will build 30% of the infrastructure. 

-        IRIS² will be a constellation at the cutting edge of technology, to give Europe a lead, for example in quantum encryption. It will therefore be a vector of innovation. 

-        IRIS² will be a multi-orbit constellation, capable of creating synergies with our existing Galileo and Copernicus constellations. The objective here is to reduce the risk of space congestion.

I would like to thank the European Parliament and the Council for their support in creating Europe’s third pillar in space. After satellite positioning and earth observation, we now have a secure European connectivity infrastructure.

Inspired by Iris, goddess of Greek mythology, messenger of the gods to humans…

Iris² will bring secure European connectivity to all!
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Offline XRZ.YZ

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Re: EU to build Communication Satellite Constellation IRIS2
« Reply #2 on: 11/17/2022 11:39 pm »
https://1001rss.com/prends-garde-starlink-voici-iris2-la-future-constellation-de-connectivite-europeenne_835861/2022/11/17/

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L’UE vient de donner le coup d’envoi officiel du projet de constellation de satellites de connectivité européen, baptisé Iris2. Gros plan sur un programme à 6 milliards d’euros, destiné à servir à la fois les armées et le grand public.
Seems total investment is about €6B. 40% comes from EU, rest comes from ESA and private investors



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Offline XRZ.YZ

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Re: EU to build Communication Satellite Constellation IRIS2
« Reply #3 on: 11/19/2022 01:45 am »
https://spacenews.com/europe-reaches-funding-deal-for-sovereign-broadband-constellation/

https://www.reuters.com/business/aerospace-defense/eu-secures-deal-satellite-internet-system-2022-11-17/


Quote
Initial development and satellite deployment could start next year, leading to a full services with high-level encription called quantum scamgraphy in 2028.

The proposed satellite internet system could lead to the construction and launch of up to 170 low orbit satellites between 2025 and 2027.
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Offline Kiwi53

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Re: EU to build Communication Satellite Constellation IRIS2
« Reply #4 on: 11/21/2022 12:10 am »
Initial development and satellite deployment could start next year, leading to a full services with high-level encryption called quantum scamgraphy in 2028.

The proposed satellite internet system could lead to the construction and launch of up to 170 low orbit satellites between 2025 and 2027.

With "only" 170 satellites, they would need to be in a higher orbit than OneWeb, let alone Starlink and Kuiper, to have enough satellites in view of a ground station at any time to provide reliable communications.
1,500 - 2,000 km?

Online Asteroza

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Re: EU to build Communication Satellite Constellation IRIS2
« Reply #5 on: 11/21/2022 01:47 am »
Initial development and satellite deployment could start next year, leading to a full services with high-level encryption called quantum scamgraphy in 2028.

The proposed satellite internet system could lead to the construction and launch of up to 170 low orbit satellites between 2025 and 2027.

With "only" 170 satellites, they would need to be in a higher orbit than OneWeb, let alone Starlink and Kuiper, to have enough satellites in view of a ground station at any time to provide reliable communications.
1,500 - 2,000 km?

I think they can cheat a bit since they don't need to cover the whole world, just the mentioned european and african airspaces. I wonder what kind of orbit though. QZSS/Molnyia/Tundra orbits tend to be pretty far away during their long dwell period, but everybody wants a low orbit (or at least a low perigee) for ease of communications.

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Offline Ronsmytheiii

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Offline su27k

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Re: EU to build Communication Satellite Constellation IRIS2
« Reply #8 on: 02/16/2023 03:49 am »
Europe approves multi-orbit connectivity constellation plan

Quote from: SpaceNews
Europe’s ambitions for a sovereign connectivity constellation are now in the hands of industry, the European Parliament said Feb. 14 after voting to approve the 6 billion euro ($6.4 billion) plan.

A plenary session to adopt regulation needed to develop IRIS², or Infrastructure for Resilience, Interconnectivity and Security by Satellite, received 603 votes in favor and just six against. There were 39 abstentions.

The Council of the European Union “will be adopting the text soon,” the European Parliament said in a news release, clearing the way for manufacturers to submit bids to build, launch, and deploy the multi-orbit network by 2027.

Offline FutureSpaceTourist

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Re: EU to build Communication Satellite Constellation IRIS2
« Reply #9 on: 07/05/2023 05:49 am »
https://twitter.com/sciguyspace/status/1676405519609626624

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This would be a huge blow for Europe's low-Earth orbit broadband network (IRIS2) even before it starts to get going.

twitter.com/megaconstellati/status/1676164785870712832

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🇩🇪German cabinet agrees on 2024 budget, cuts spending on space killing German space industry:
- National space programme €371m ↘️ €313M
- contribution to @esa for IRIS² €189m ↘️ €70M
- @DLR_SpaceAgency reserach budget -€400M
source: linkedin.com/feed/update/ur…
H/T: @Wachter__M

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