Author Topic: NASA’s Deep Space Network Welcomes a New Dish to the Family  (Read 3551 times)

Offline Targeteer

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The addition brings new capabilities to the network, which acts as an interplanetary switchboard, connecting us to missions at the Moon and far beyond.

A powerful new antenna has been added to the NASA Space Communications and Navigation’s Deep Space Network (DSN), which connects us to the space robots exploring our solar system. Called Deep Space Station 56, or DSS-56, the dish is now online and ready to communicate with a variety of missions, including NASA’s Perseverance rover when it lands on the Red Planet next month.

The new 34-meter-wide (112-foot-wide) dish has been under construction at the Madrid Deep Space Communications Complex in Spain since 2017. Existing antennas are limited in the frequency bands they can receive and transmit, often restricting them to communicating only with specific spacecraft. DSS-56 is the first to use the Deep Space Network’s full range of communication frequencies as soon as it went online. This means DSS-56 is an “all-in-one” antenna that can communicate with all the missions that the DSN supports and can be used as a backup for any of the Madrid complex’s other antennas.

“DSS-56 offers the Deep Space Network additional real-time flexibility and reliability,” said Badri Younes, deputy associate administrator and program manager of NASA's Space Communications and Navigation (SCaN). “This new asset symbolizes and underscores our ongoing support for more than 30 deep space missions who count on our services to enable their success.”

You can check in on the which spacecraft the Deep Space Network’s antennas are currently communicating with via the online application DSN Now. Click on a dish to learn more about the live connection between the spacecraft and the ground. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

With the addition of DSS-56 and other 34-meter antennas to all three DSN complexes around the world, the network is preparing to play a critical role in ensuring communication and navigation support for upcoming Moon and Mars missions and the crewed Artemis missions.

“The Deep Space Network is vital to so much of what we do – and to what we plan to do – throughout the solar system. It’s what connects us here on Earth to our distant robotic explorers, and, with the improvements that we’re making to the network, it connects us to the future as well, expanding our capabilities as we prepare human missions for the Moon and beyond,” said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator of the Science Mission Directorate at NASA’s headquarters in Washington. “This latest antenna was built as an international partnership and will ultimately benefit all of humanity as we continue to explore deep space.”

With DSS-56’s increased flexibility came a more complex start-up phase, which included testing and calibration of a larger suite of systems, before the antenna could go online. On Friday, Jan. 22, the international partners who oversaw the antenna’s construction attended a virtual ribbon-cutting event to officially mark the occasion – an event that had been delayed due to historic snowfall blanketing much of Spain.
Three eye-catching posters featuring the larger 70-meter (230-feet) antennas
Three eye-catching posters featuring the larger 70-meter (230-feet) antennas located at the three Deep Space Network complexes around the world are available for download here.
Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech

“After the lengthy process of commissioning, the DSN’s most capable 34-meter antenna is now talking with our spacecraft,” said Bradford Arnold, DSN project manager at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California. “Even though pandemic restrictions and the recent weather conditions in Spain have been significant challenges, the staff in Madrid persevered, and I am proud to welcome DSS-56 to the global DSN family.”

More About the Deep Space Network

In addition to Spain, the Deep Space Network has ground stations in California (Goldstone) and Australia (Canberra). This configuration allows mission controllers to communicate with spacecraft throughout the solar system at all times during Earth’s rotation.

The forerunner to the DSN was established in January 1958 when JPL was contracted by the U.S. Army to deploy portable radio tracking stations in California, Nigeria, and Singapore to receive telemetry of the first successful U.S. satellite, Explorer 1. Shortly after JPL was transferred to NASA on Dec. 3, 1958, the newly-formed U.S. civilian space program established the Deep Space Network to communicate with all deep space missions. It has been in continuous operation since 1963 and remains the backbone of deep space communications for NASA and international missions, supporting historic events such as the Apollo Moon landings and checking in on our interstellar explorers, Voyager 1 and 2.

The Deep Space Network is managed by JPL for SCaN, which is located at NASA’s headquarters within the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate. The Madrid station is managed on NASA’s behalf by Spain’s national research organization, Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial (National Institute of Aerospace Technology).

Ian J. O’Neill
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.
[email protected]
Best quote heard during an inspection, "I was unaware that I was the only one who was aware."

Online AnalogMan

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Photo of the new dish from the above article.

Offline mrbliss

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I'm slightly confused. Can the new DSS-56 communicate with Voyager 2 or not?

Reading between the lines of the article, I'm guessing it's a matter of resolution (maybe not the right term, sorry) and the larger 70 meter DSS-43 is the only antenna powerful enough to send commands to Voyager 2, and DSS-56 can probably receive them

Offline russianhalo117

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I'm slightly confused. Can the new DSS-56 communicate with Voyager 2 or not?

Reading between the lines of the article, I'm guessing it's a matter of resolution (maybe not the right term, sorry) and the larger 70 meter DSS-43 is the only antenna powerful enough to send commands to Voyager 2, and DSS-56 can probably receive them
The bottom of the article is a historical summary of DSN and its predecessor network. Voyager 2 is only in send and receive range of Australia due to its position relative to the main plane of the solar system. The 70m DSS-43 is the only one that can send commands all others are receive only..

Offline eeergo

Another new antenna in Robledo de Chavela, DSS-53. Inaugurated with great pomp, with the attendance of the king Phillip VI in Air Force uniform.
Note the brown-reddish hue of the pictures and the antenna's up-facing surfaces. There's been a remarkable episode of "calima" (i.e. Saharian dust inflow) into Western Europe for the last few days, that has made daylight a gloomy yellow all over Spain,
« Last Edit: 03/17/2022 12:51 pm by eeergo »

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Why NASA's Deep Space Network Is The Most Important Part Of Any Space Probe

17 Sept 2022

The Deep Space Network is operated by JPL at 3 different sites around the world offering continuous support for spacecraft in deep space. The network goes back to the late 1950's and has expanded and adapted over that time to offer capabilities 10 trillion times superior to what the earliest spacecraft used.

But more than that the DSN delivers essential navigation and science support, making it a hugely important contributer to any mission to the planets.


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