Author Topic: Expedition 70 Thread  (Read 176903 times)

Offline ddspaceman

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1060 on: 02/21/2024 03:54 pm »
Andreas Mogensen
@Astro_Andreas
It was an interesting talk with @SenBillNelson together with @AstroJaws and @Astro_Satoshi about some of the science we perform here on the Space Station, from growing heart tissue to biking with a Virtual Reality headset 🔬🧪

NASA
@NASA
Now, #Crew7 astronauts aboard the @Space_Station talk to @SenBillNelson about @ISS_Research and the scientific discoveries we're unlocking in orbit.

https://twitter.com/Astro_Andreas/status/1760336803465253376

Offline ddspaceman

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1061 on: 02/21/2024 04:01 pm »
Expedition 70 Astronaut Satoshi Furukawa Answers Japanese Media Questions Feb. 20, 2024


Online Yellowstone10

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1062 on: 02/21/2024 04:44 pm »
At around 11:00 am US/Eastern, SSRMS removed the Nanoracks Bishop Airlock from the port CBM of Node 3, and is maneuvering it into position to work with (I assume) Dextre, which is stationed on the MBS. This is likely for the GITAI S2 robotics demonstration.
« Last Edit: 02/21/2024 04:44 pm by Yellowstone10 »

Offline ddspaceman

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1063 on: 02/21/2024 04:57 pm »
Jasmin Moghbeli
@AstroJaws
Up here on the @Space_Station, we are the scientists, maintenance crew, medical staff, entertainment, hair stylists, and more! There are two hair salons around here – “Salon de Jaws” and “Loral’s O’Haira”. Thank you for your loyal patronage, @Astro_Satoshi! 💇🏻‍♂️

https://twitter.com/AstroJaws/status/1760361944479854704

Online Yellowstone10

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1064 on: 02/21/2024 06:24 pm »
Dextre is preparing to extract the GITAI S2 robot arm experiment from the Nanoracks Airlock.
« Last Edit: 02/21/2024 06:41 pm by Yellowstone10 »

Online Yellowstone10

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1065 on: 02/21/2024 07:25 pm »
Dextre is now withdrawing the GITAI payload.
« Last Edit: 02/21/2024 07:52 pm by Yellowstone10 »

Online Yellowstone10

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1066 on: 02/21/2024 08:28 pm »
Looks like the GITAI team is getting the high-def feed - they posted this on their Twitter account.

Online Yellowstone10

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1067 on: 02/21/2024 09:19 pm »
Moving the airlock into position to mount GITAI S2 on its exterior.
« Last Edit: 02/21/2024 09:43 pm by Yellowstone10 »

Online Yellowstone10

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1068 on: 02/21/2024 11:29 pm »
The GITAI S2 payload has been installed on position D on the exterior of the Nanoracks Airlock.

Offline ddspaceman

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1069 on: 02/22/2024 12:39 am »
Heart Health, 3D Printing, and More Research Pack Station Schedule

Mark Garcia Posted on February 21, 2024

Heart scans, 3D printing, and fire safety were the top research topics aboard the International Space Station on Wednesday. The Expedition 70 crew also spent its day on a variety of scientific maintenance and cargo activities.

Astronauts Loral O’Hara and Satoshi Furukawa kicked off their day continuing more experimental work for the CIPHER suite of 14 human research investigations. O’Hara from NASA led the cardiac portion of the biology study scanning the chest of Furukawa from JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) with the Ultrasound 2 device. Doctors on the ground observed the downlinked data for insights into heart health in space.

O’Hara then moved on and uninstalled robotic surgery demonstration hardware from an EXPRESS rack for return to Earth on a future mission. At the end of the day, she swapped out samples and research components supporting a space fire safety experiment inside the Combustion Integrated Rack. Furukawa checked out the operation of a free-flying camera robot then reconfigured the Kibo laboratory module to accommodate new cargo from an upcoming resupply mission.

Commander Andreas Mogensen from ESA (European Space Agency) spent most of his day setting up the Metal 3D printer in the Columbus laboratory module. The device is testing the ability to print parts in space reducing the need to depend on resupply missions or pack spare parts on future exploration missions. NASA Flight Engineer Jasmin Moghbeli worked inside the Tranquility module throughout Wednesday replacing orbital plumbing components.

Two cosmonauts, Konstantin Borisov and Nikolai Chub, tested a specialized suit that may speed up a crew member’s adjustment to Earth’s gravity after living in space for several months or longer. The lower body negative pressure suit is designed to counteract the tendency of body fluids to pool in the upper body due to the lack of gravity. Chub later continued unpacking the new Progress 87 resupply ship while Borisov synched station cameras to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) then serviced an oxygen generator.

Veteran cosmonaut Oleg Kononenko worked during the morning inspecting structures inside the Zvezda service module. During the afternoon, the five-time station resident checked seat shock absorbers inside the Soyuz MS-24 crew ship then performed a systems check on the Progress 87 with the vehicle’s hatch closed.

https://blogs.nasa.gov/spacestation/2024/02/21/heart-health-3d-printing-and-more-research-pack-station-schedule/

The waxing gibbous Moon is pictured above the Earth’s horizon in this photograph from the space station as it orbited above a cloudy Western Europe.

Offline ddspaceman

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1070 on: 02/22/2024 10:09 pm »
ISS Daily Summary Report – 2/20/2024

Bill Keeter Posted on February 20, 2024

87 Progress (87P) Docking: Following the completion of a 34-orbit rendezvous, 87P successfully docked to the SM aft port on Saturday, February 17th, at 6:06 AM CST. On Sunday, the crew then performed leak checks, opened hatches, and began unloading cargo. Carrying food, fuel, and supplies, 87P launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome on Wednesday, February 14th at 9:25 PM CST.

Payloads:

Plant-Microbe Interactions in Space (APEX-10): Veggie units were set up, cleaned up, and dried out. Plant and microbial associations are key to the success of individual plants, but scientists do not fully understand how the space environment may alter these associations. Plant-Microbe Interactions in Space (APEX-10) tests whether the beneficial microbe Trichoderma harzianum confers increased stress resilience and improved growth to seedlings of tomato plants (Lycopersicum esculentum) when the two are grown together in microgravity.

Electromagnetic Levitator (EML): The helium valve was opened, and both Argon valves were closed. The EML is a facility composed of four inserts installed into the European Drawer Rack (EDR) for the electromagnetic levitation of samples. The experiment samples are installed in a dedicated sample chamber that is attached to EML and can be replaced by new sample chambers for new experiment batches.

Flawless Space Fibers-1: Following a very successful fiber pull yesterday, the processed preform and spool were exchanged for the next in the series to be processed. Production of Flawless Space Fibers-1 tests new hardware and processes for producing high-quality optical fibers in space. Previous studies have shown improved properties in fibers produced in the absence of Earth’s gravity, which can degrade the fibers. The ISS provides a platform for rapid production of high quality fibers with applications in remote sensing and communications in space and on the ground.

Genes in Space Molecular Operations and Sequencing (GiSMOS): Hardware was gathered in preparation for upcoming Genes in Space activities. GiSMOS uses targeted gene sequencing to identify bacteria and fungi species in the ISS water system. Characterizing the space station’s microbial communities is critical to sustaining the health of crew members and vehicles on future missions. No accurate microbial profile exists for the ISS’s water systems due to an overrepresentation of a few bacterial species, who are able to outgrow others in the return water bags.

NanoRacks Mainframe Alpha: The crew removed Module-92 from the MFA facility and installed Module-89. NanoRacks modules are capable of hosting a wide variety of science investigations. The smallest of the modules is a “1U” format with dimensions of 10x10x10 cm, but larger modules are also common. NanoRacks MFA is an EXPRESS Rack (ER) sub-facility designed to provide thermal control, power, and data management to individual NanoRacks module experiments.

Spaceborne Computer-2: Spaceborne Computer-2 refurbished hardware was installed into ER10B. Spaceborne Computer-2 High Performance Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) Computer System on the ISS (Spaceborne Computer-2) builds upon the successes of Spaceborne Computer. Spaceborne Computer-2 aims to explore how COTS computer systems can advance exploration by processing data significantly faster in space through edge computing and artificial intelligence (AI) capabilities.

Space Tissue Equivalent Dosimeter (SpaceTED): The SD card was removed from the SpaceTED unit and was inserted into a laptop data downlink. Exposure to space radiation can introduce hazards to crew member health and impede the function of equipment in space. Building on a previous ISSstudy, SpaceTED aims to develop a device to collect data on the crew’s radiation exposure and characterize the space radiation environment. This low-cost, portable device may be able to better assess radiation risks and help protect the crewmembers and systems on long-term missions.

Vascular Aging: Blood pressure measurements were performed using the CDL Holter Arterial BP Unit for the Vascular Echo experiment. Data indicates that aging-like changes are accelerated in many ISS crewmembers, particularly with respect to their arteries. As part of the Space Environment Causes Acceleration of Vascular Aging: Roles of Hypogravity, Nutrition, and Radiation (Vascular Aging) investigation, arterial ultrasounds, blood samples, oral glucose tolerances, and wearable sensors from the ISS crewmembers are analyzed.

Systems:

Countermeasures System (CMS) Advanced Resistive Exercise Device (ARED) Quarterly Maintenance: The crew completed a quarterly maintenance of ARED to inspect the X-Rotation Dashpots, cycle the Main Arm through its full range of motion, and grease the ARED VIS Rails, Rollers, and Upper Stops. ARED uses adjustable resistance, piston-driven, vacuum cylinders, along with a flywheel system, to simulate free-weight exercises in normal gravity. Studies have found that without exercises like those possible on the ARED, astronauts could lose up to 15% of their muscle volume, which could be difficult or even impossible to regain back on Earth.

Health Maintenance System (HMS) Automated External Defibrillator (AED) Inspection: The crew completed a routine monthly inspection of the AED and its associated consumables. The crew tested the batteries and examined the outer AED case and AED Electrodes Kit. AEDs are used in conjunction with chest compressions and breaths, when providing a person with CPR.

HMS Periodic Health Status (PHS) Evaluations: The HMS monitors crew health, responds to crew illness or injury, provides preventive health care, and provides stabilization and emergency transport between vehicles. Today, the crew completed PHS evaluations using an otoscope for ear imagery along with other tools for measuring and recording the crew’s temperature, blood pressure, pulse, and respiratory rate.

GITAI Operations: On Monday, Robotics Ground Controllers powered up the Mobile Servicing System (MSS) and maneuvered the Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS) towards the Nanoracks Airlock (NRAL) located on Node 3 Port. SSRMS then grappled the NRAL Power and Video Grapple Fixture (PVGF)-1 and applied power in preparation for depress/leak checks. Finally, the MSS was powered down. In conjunction with these robotics operations, the ground team worked with the crew to prepare the Node 3 Common Berthing Mechanism (CBM) for NRAL demate and followed that with an NRAL hatch inspection and closure and equipment setup for depressurization. These activities are in preparation of the sortie for GITAI payload installation, which started today with the beginning of depressurizing NRAL. Project GITAI S2’s extraveHicular multi-Objective in-Space servicing Task demonstration (GHOST) validates the design, build, and operation of extravehicular robotics (EVR) systems using GITAI’s S2, 2-meter class, modular, robotic arm.

Completed Task List Activities:

    None

Today’s Ground Activities:
All activities are complete unless otherwise noted.

    NRAL Depressurization Support using PMD
    CHeCS Commanding/Data Downlink
    VDS Survey of N2Z Crew Dragon Endurance

Offline ddspaceman

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1071 on: 02/22/2024 10:11 pm »
ISS Daily Summary Report – 2/21/2024

Bill Keeter Posted on February 21, 2024

Payloads:

Advanced Plant Experiment-10 (APEX-10): The crew deactivated Veggie units 1 and 3. On Earth, plant and microbial associations are key to the success of individual plants, but scientists do not fully understand how the space environment may alter these associations. Plant-Microbe Interactions in Space (APEX-10) tests whether the beneficial microbe Trichoderma harzianum confers increased stress resilience and improved growth to seedlings of tomato plants (Lycopersicum esculentum) when the two are grown together in microgravity.

Complement of Integrated Protocols for Human Exploration Research on Varying Mission Durations (CIPHER): The crew completed cognition tests and ultrasound scans, and the collections were placed in cold stowage. The CIPHER investigation aims to improve the general understanding of physiological and psychological changes in humans on missions that range from weeks to one year in duration. Conducting the same research over missions of different durations allows scientists to extrapolate the data to apply to multi-year missions. This data could provide a deeper knowledge about the changes associated with such missions and could support the development of countermeasures to promote astronaut health and well-being.

Flawless Space Fibers-1: A broken fiber was removed from the previous fiber pull, and the processed preform and spool were exchanged for the next in the process. Production of Flawless Space Fibers-1 tests new hardware and processes for producing high-quality optical fibers in space. Previous studies have shown improved properties in fibers produced in the absence of Earth’s gravity, which can degrade the fibers. The ISS provides a platform for rapid production of high quality fibers with applications in remote sensing and communications in space and on the ground.

JEM Internal Ball Camera 2: The JEM Internal Ball Camera Robot 2 checkout #4 was performed by the crew for the second time. JEM Internal Ball Camera 2 demonstrates technology for automating video and photos of research activities. Crew time is one of the most valuable resources on the ISS, and many simple, repetitive tasks could be automated. This frees up crew time for more important activities.

Metal 3D Printer: Metal 3D Printer was installed inside the European Drawer Rack-2 (EDR-2). The objective of Development of an Additive Manufacturing Machine that Demonstrates the Capabilities of this Technology to Perform Metal Deposition in 3D under Sustained Microgravity Conditions and Manufacture Test Specimens (Metal 3D Printer) is to gain experience with on-orbit 3D printing of a metal shape, understanding how a Metal 3D printer is operated, and evaluating the quality of printing under in-space conditions (e.g. microgravity and radiation).

Robotic Surgery Tech Demo: Robotic Surgery Tech Demo hardware was uninstalled from the EXPRESS Rack (ER) and stowed for return. The Robotic Surgery Tech Demo tests techniques for performing robotic surgery in microgravity by using a miniature surgical robot that can be remotely controlled or teleoperated from Earth. Comparing the inflight data to data from the same tests performed on Earth could inform the design of future robotic surgical systems created to provide medical care during long-duration missions.

Solid Fuel Ignition and Extinction (SoFIE): The crew gained access to the Combustion Integrated Rack (CIR) facility and replaced the experiment sample and igniter. SoFIE is a hardware insert for the CIR that enables a wide range of solid-material combustion and fire suppression studies and provides common infrastructure including sample holders, flow control, test sections, external radiant heaters, igniters, and diagnostics for multiple investigations. While SoFIE initially meets the requirements of five investigations, it is intended for use by any researcher who proposes a related solid combustion study to NASA in the future.

Vascular Aging: Vascular Aging Oral Glucose Tolerance Tests were performed by the crew. Data indicates that aging-like changes are accelerated in many ISS crewmembers, particularly with respect to their arteries. As part of the Space Environment Causes Acceleration of Vascular Aging: Roles of Hypogravity, Nutrition, and Radiation (Vascular Aging) investigation, arterial ultrasounds, blood samples, oral glucose tolerance, and wearable sensors from ISS crewmembers are analyzed.

Systems:

GITAI Operations: GITAI Sortie operations continue to proceed as planned today following the successful depressurization of the NanoRacks Airlock (NRAL). The ground team began by powering up the Mobile Servicing System (MSS) before unberthing NRAL from the Node 3 Port Common Berthing Mechanism (CBM) using the Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS). Overnight, GITAI will be extracted from the NRAL internal volume and installed on external payload site D using the Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM). Project GITAI S2’s extraveHicular multi-Objective in-Space servicing Task demonstration (GHOST) validates the design, build, and operation of extravehicular robotics (EVR) systems using GITAI’s S2, 2-meter class, modular, robotic arm.

In-Flight Maintenance (IFM) Node 3 Pressure Control and Pump Assembly (PCPA) Remove and Replace (R&R): The crew completed an R&R activity to replace the Water Recovery System (WRS) PCPA in the WRS Rack 2 (WRS2). This activity installed a previously used spare, which needed to be flushed prior to the final configuration. The PCPA pumps gasses out of the Distillation Assembly (DA) and Fluids Control and Pump Assembly (FCPA) in order to reduce the internal pressure. This pressure reduction allows water in the DA to evaporate and helps the tubes within the FCPA Peristaltic Pump expand.

Waste and Hygiene Compartment (WHC) Pump Separator R&R: The crew worked to replace the Pump Separator (MHP-HC) in the WHC. The WHC is the Energia (Russian) built ACY system that has been modified to fit within a standard USOS sized rack. The main difference between the ACY and the WHC is the interface of the WHC rack with the Urine Processing Assembly (UPA) and the Potable Water Bus (PWB) for the purpose of minimizing crew manipulations with the urine and water tanks.

Completed Task List Activities:

    WRM-WSS COMPR-T/S [GMT 051]

Today’s Ground Activities:
All activities are complete unless otherwise noted.

    UPA Activation after PCPA R&R and Overrides
    Robotic Surgery Tech Demo Uninstall Support
    NRAL N3P CBM Unberth
    GITAI Transfer Operations [Ongoing]

Offline ddspaceman

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1072 on: 02/22/2024 10:17 pm »
Crew Explores Heart Health and Tries On “Anti-Gravity” Suit

Mark Garcia Posted on February 22, 2024

Blood tests, cardiac research, and scientific maintenance were the prime duties aboard the International Space Station on Thursday. The Expedition 70 crew also kept up its work on a variety of life support gear and exercise hardware throughout the day.

NASA astronauts Jasmin Moghbeli and Loral O’Hara kicked off the day studying accelerated aging-like symptoms seen in astronauts’ arteries after a long-duration mission. The duo collected and processed blood samples for the Vascular Aging investigation to understand these space-caused mechanisms and physiological changes. Observations from the long-running experiment may help doctors improve cardiovascular health in space, as well as on Earth.

ESA (European Space Agency) Commander Andreas Mogensen started his day exploring how virtual reality movies may improve crew morale as spaceflight missions last longer and travel farther away from Earth. Mogensen then spent the afternoon replacing components inside a carbon dioxide removal device. Meanwhile, JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) Flight Engineer Satoshi Furukawa installed external science hardware inside the Kibo laboratory module’s airlock. Afterward, he joined Moghbeli and Mogensen and tried on a specialized suit that may help maintain an astronaut’s heart rate and blood pressure while adjusting to gravity shortly after returning to Earth.

The orbiting lab’s three cosmonauts from Roscosmos had a light duty day but did find time for science and exercise. Flight Engineers Oleg Kononenko and Nikolai Chub partnered together during the morning for a cardiac study observing heart performance in weightlessness. Kononenko photographed Chub as he conducted the research while attached to sensors measuring his heart activity.

Flight Engineer Konstantin Borisov spent his morning on orbital plumbing before joining his astronaut crewmates for the “anti-gravity” suit fit check. Borisov along with Moghbeli, Mogensen, and Furukawa are due to return to Earth in March aboard the SpaceX Dragon Endurance spacecraft.

https://blogs.nasa.gov/spacestation/2024/02/22/crew-explores-heart-health-and-tries-on-anti-gravity-suit/

Expedition 70 Commander Andreas Mogensen maneuvers in the vestibule in between the space station’s Unity and Tranquility modules.

Online Yellowstone10

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1073 on: 02/22/2024 11:16 pm »
That's intriguing - the February 20 Daily Summary Report lists a couple of look-ahead items for February 22, "J-MPEP Removal and Stow and JOTI Install" under Payloads and "S&M JOTI Installation for MBSU Transfer" under Systems. I'm not quite sure what S&M means in this context, but JOTI is the JEM ORU Transfer Interface. Wonder if the MBSU that came downhill on CRS-19 back in January 2020 is going back up on CRS-30 (or possibly already did on NG-20)?

Offline ddspaceman

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1074 on: 02/23/2024 04:45 pm »
Andreas Mogensen
@Astro_Andreas
Sleeping in space is not quite the same as laying down in your bed on Earth 😁
/
Det at sove er ikke helt det samme som at lægge sig ned i sin seng på Jorden 😁

(the audio is a bit robotic due to a faulty microphone, I hope it is still clear)

ESA Education
@ESA__Education
Have you ever drifted away to sleep and dreamt of floating? 👨‍🚀

On the International Space Station @Astro_Andreas needs to be in his sleeping bag, strapped to the wall, otherwise he would drift around the station at night!

Enjoy the 4th episode the #ISSComandersLog 👇🛰️

🔗https://mooncampchallenge.org/iss-commanders-log-with-andreas-mogensen/

 #Huginn #ESAEducation

https://twitter.com/Astro_Andreas/status/1760958486622466122

Offline ddspaceman

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1075 on: 02/23/2024 04:56 pm »
GITAI
@GITAI_HQ
#GITAI's 1.5-meter-long autonomous dual robotic arm system (S2) has been installed outside the ISS Bishop airlock by #NASA!
We are now going to check the status of the system, including the establishment of communication.
 
*This video clip is not computer graphics.

https://twitter.com/GITAI_HQ/status/1761038155291980033

Offline ddspaceman

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1076 on: 02/23/2024 05:04 pm »
Human Spaceflight
@esaspaceflight
And here he is, @Astro_Andreas is ready for the event!

Coming from @JAXA_en Kibo Module!

Human Spaceflight
@esaspaceflight
"This is one of my favorite experiments here on the @Space_Station. I feel like I am not on the Station, but in nature. I get to cycle around routes in Copenhagen, Silkeborg and a beach in Jutland, Denmark"

Virtual reality in space is a game changer for @Astro_Andreas. You can read more about the experiment her: https://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Human_and_Robotic_Exploration/Biking_in_space

https://twitter.com/esaspaceflight/status/1761041098263163282
« Last Edit: 02/23/2024 05:06 pm by ddspaceman »

Offline ddspaceman

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1077 on: 02/23/2024 05:14 pm »
Andreas Mogensen
@Astro_Andreas
My absolute favorite thing on this mission has been looking at our beautiful planet and seeing something completely unexpected. It makes me feel like I am making a new discovery.

I have seen plenty of large arrays of solar panels, but a few weeks ago I saw something slightly different. It was three solar power towers that convert concentrated sunlight into energy by heating up water, creating steam that makes a turbine spin. Each tower stands in the center of a field of mirrors that reflect and focus the sunlight onto the tower. In this case, it is the Ivanpah Solar Electric Generating System in the Mojave Desert in California, which is the third largests power plant of its kind.

#Huginn #SolarPower #Sunshine

michael simon schwartz
@tofumike
I flew over this last week!

https://twitter.com/tofumike/status/1761087751242559573
« Last Edit: 02/23/2024 07:59 pm by ddspaceman »

Offline ddspaceman

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1078 on: 02/23/2024 05:18 pm »
NASA Space Operations
@NASASpaceOps
.@NASA will provide coverage of the upcoming prelaunch and launch activities for the agency’s SpaceX Crew-8 mission with astronauts to the @Space_Station.

The launch is targeted for 12:04 a.m. EST, Friday, March 1, from Launch Complex 39A @NASAKennedy in Florida. The targeted docking time is about 7 a.m. on Saturday, March 2.

Learn more: https://nasa.gov/news-release/nasa-sets-coverage-for-agencys-spacex-crew-8-launch-docking/

https://twitter.com/NASASpaceOps/status/1761072737768931377

Offline ddspaceman

Re: Expedition 70 Thread
« Reply #1079 on: 02/23/2024 05:27 pm »
ISS Research
@ISS_Research
#ICYMI @NASA’s SpaceX Crew-7 discussed two recent experiments conducted aboard the @Space_Station.

Space station science can directly benefit people on Earth and prepare astronauts for long-duration exploration missions.

Studying bone cells in microgravity can give insight into age-related bone loss on Earth.

The MABL-A study takes a closer look at the mechanisms of bone loss in microgravity to help develop countermeasures for patients on Earth and crews in space.

#Crew7 is also helping demonstrate new technologies during their mission.

Researchers in Nebraska remotely controlled a small robotic surgeon aboard the space station to evaluate time delays and the effects of microgravity on operations.

In the future, this technology could make surgeries available anywhere and anytime. A surgeon could perform simple stitches or an appendectomy on Mars or in a rural area from their everyday office.

Stay updated with #Crew7’s science mission and return to Earth: https://www.nasa.gov/mission/spacex-crew-7/

https://twitter.com/ISS_Research/status/1761083498218303660

https://twitter.com/ISS_Research/status/1761085982236127546

https://twitter.com/ISS_Research/status/1761085987776803077

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