Author Topic: NASA/ESA - Mars Sample Return - Description of Each Sample  (Read 5209 times)

Offline catdlr

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Meet the Mars Samples: Roubion (Sample 1)

Jun 21, 2023
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Meet a Martian sample that has been collected and is awaiting return to Earth as part of the Mars Sample Return campaign. As of June 2023, NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover has collected and sealed 19 scientifically selected samples inside pristine tubes. The next stage is to get them back for study.

Considered one of the highest priorities by the scientists in the Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032, Mars Sample Return would be the first mission to return samples from another planet and provides the best opportunity to reveal the early evolution of Mars, including the potential for ancient life. NASA is teaming with ESA (European Space Agency) on this important endeavor.

Learn more about the rover’s first sample, “Roubion,” a planned rock core that unexpectedly became a sample of Mars atmosphere, highly valuable in its own right.

Read about all the carefully selected samples: https://mars.nasa.gov/mars-rock-samples
Learn more about the Mars Sample Return campaign: https://mars.nasa.gov/msr

A key objective for Perseverance's mission on Mars is astrobiology, including the search for signs of ancient microbial life. The rover will characterize the planet's geology and past climate, pave the way for human exploration of the Red Planet, as well as be the first mission to collect and cache Martian rock and regolith (broken rock and dust).

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

« Last Edit: 10/22/2023 10:33 am by zubenelgenubi »
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Offline catdlr

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Meet the Mars Samples: Montdenier and Montagnac (Samples 2 and 3)

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Jun 28, 2023
Meet two of the Martian samples that have been collected and are awaiting return to Earth as part of the Mars Sample Return campaign. As of late June 2023, NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover has collected and sealed 20 scientifically selected samples inside pristine tubes. The next stage is to get them back for study.

Considered one of the highest priorities by the scientists in the Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032, Mars Sample Return would be the first mission to return samples from another planet and provides the best opportunity to reveal the early evolution of Mars, including the potential for ancient life. NASA is teaming with ESA (European Space Agency) on this important endeavor.

Learn more about Samples No. 2 and 3 – “Montdenier” and “Montagnac” – the first pair of rock cores collected by Perseverance, which were taken from an igneous rock on the floor of Jezero Crater. Scientists believe that detailed analysis of these samples could help them piece together the timeline of the area’s past, which was marked by volcanic activity and periods of persistent water.

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Offline catdlr

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Meet the Mars Samples: Salette and Coulettes (Samples 4 and 5)

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Jul 5, 2023
Meet two of the Martian samples that have been collected and are awaiting return to Earth as part of the Mars Sample Return campaign. As of late June 2023, NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover has collected and sealed 20 scientifically selected samples inside pristine tubes. The next stage is to get them back for study.

Considered one of the highest priorities by the scientists in the Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032, Mars Sample Return would be the first mission to return samples from another planet and provides the best opportunity to reveal the early evolution of Mars, including the potential for ancient life. NASA is teaming with ESA (European Space Agency) on this important endeavor.

Learn more about Samples No. 4 and 5 – “Salette” and “Coulettes” – a pair of igneous rock samples collected from the floor of Jezero Crater. These samples capture a diversity of minerals that scientists believe show evidence of habitability on Mars.

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Offline catdlr

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Meet the Mars Samples: Robine and Malay (Samples 6 and 7)

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Jul 12, 2023
Meet two of the Martian samples that have been collected and are awaiting return to Earth as part of the Mars Sample Return campaign. As of late June 2023, NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover has collected and sealed 20 scientifically selected samples inside pristine tubes. The next stage is to get them back for study.

Considered one of the highest priorities by the scientists in the Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032, Mars Sample Return would be the first mission to return samples from another planet and provides the best opportunity to reveal the early evolution of Mars, including the potential for ancient life. NASA is teaming with ESA (European Space Agency) on this important endeavor.

Learn more about Samples No. 6 and 7 – “Robine” and “Malay” – a pair of rock cores collected by Perseverance from the “Issole” outcrop in Jezero Crater. When the rover used its drill’s abrasion bit to grind away the surface of “Issole,” its cameras spotted an intriguing sulfate crystal resembling the shape of a polar bear. Mineral types within this target rock are known by scientists on Earth to be capable of preserving signs of ancient life.

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Meet the Mars Samples: Ha'ahóni and Atsá (Samples 8 and 9)

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
19 Jul 2023

Meet two of the Martian samples that have been collected and are awaiting return to Earth as part of the Mars Sample Return campaign. As of late June 2023, NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover has collected and sealed 20 scientifically selected samples inside pristine tubes. The next stage is to get them back for study.

Considered one of the highest priorities by the scientists in the Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032, Mars Sample Return would be the first mission to return samples from another planet and provides the best opportunity to reveal the early evolution of Mars, including the potential for ancient life. NASA is teaming with ESA (European Space Agency) on this important endeavor.

Learn more about Samples No. 8 and 9 – “Ha'ahóni” and “Atsá,” two rock samples collected by Perseverance near its original landing site in Jezero Crater. These rock cores were drilled from a boulder that is among the more pristine igneous rocks the rover has sampled. Perseverance found igneous rocks, which form as lava or magma solidifies, throughout the crater floor. Samples No. 8 and 9 potentially represent a unique chapter in the history of Jezero Crater and were the last samples the rover collected on the crater floor before moving on to explore the nearby ancient river delta.

Read about all the carefully selected samples: https://mars.nasa.gov/mars-rock-samples

Learn more about the Mars Sample Return campaign: https://mars.nasa.gov/msr

A key objective for Perseverance's mission on Mars is astrobiology, including the search for signs of ancient microbial life. The rover will characterize the planet's geology and past climate, pave the way for human exploration of the Red Planet, as well as be the first mission to collect and cache Martian rock and regolith (broken rock and dust).

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech


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Meet the Mars Samples: Swift Run and Skyland (Samples 10 and 11)

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
26 July 2023

Meet two of the Martian samples that have been collected and are awaiting return to Earth as part of the Mars Sample Return campaign. As of late June 2023, NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover has collected and sealed 20 scientifically selected samples inside pristine tubes. The next stage is to get them back for study.

Considered one of the highest priorities by the scientists in the Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032, Mars Sample Return would be the first mission to return samples from another planet and provides the best opportunity to reveal the early evolution of Mars, including the potential for ancient life. NASA is teaming with ESA (European Space Agency) on this important endeavor.

Learn more about Samples No. 10 and 11 – “Swift Run” and “Skyland,” the first rock samples collected by the Perseverance rover from an ancient river delta environment on Mars. Scientists are particularly excited about studying such sedimentary rock samples up close because they form through interaction with liquid water and may have good potential for preserving signs of ancient life.

Read about all the carefully selected samples: https://mars.nasa.gov/mars-rock-samples
Learn more about the Mars Sample Return campaign: https://mars.nasa.gov/msr

A key objective for Perseverance's mission on Mars is astrobiology, including the search for signs of ancient microbial life. The rover characterizes the planet's geology and past climate, paves the way for human exploration of the Red Planet, and is the first mission to collect and cache Martian rock and regolith (broken rock and dust).

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

« Last Edit: 07/26/2023 07:41 pm by FutureSpaceTourist »

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Meet the Mars Samples: Hazeltop and Bearwallow (Samples 12 and 13)

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
16 Jun 2023

Meet two of the Martian samples that have been collected and are awaiting return to Earth as part of the Mars Sample Return campaign. As of June 2023, NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover has collected and sealed 19 scientifically selected samples inside pristine tubes. The next stage is to get them back for study.

Considered one of the highest priorities by the scientists in the Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032, Mars Sample Return would be the first mission to return samples from another planet and provides the best opportunity to reveal the early evolution of Mars, including the potential for ancient life. NASA is teaming with ESA (European Space Agency) on this important endeavor.

Learn more about Samples No. 12 and 13 – “Hazeltop” and “Bearwallow” – a pair of rock cores from a fine-grained sedimentary rock that scientists believe could have good characteristics for preserving signs of ancient microbes, if they were ever present.

Read about all the carefully selected samples: https://mars.nasa.gov/mars-rock-samples
Learn more about the Mars Sample Return campaign: https://mars.nasa.gov/msr

A key objective for Perseverance's mission on Mars is astrobiology, including the search for signs of ancient microbial life. The rover will characterize the planet's geology and past climate, pave the way for human exploration of the Red Planet, as well as be the first mission to collect and cache Martian rock and regolith (broken rock and dust).

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech


Offline catdlr

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Meet the Mars Samples: Shuyak and Mageik (Samples 14 and 15)

 Aug 2, 2023
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Meet two of the Martian samples that have been collected and are awaiting return to Earth as part of the Mars Sample Return campaign. As of late July 2023, NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover has collected and sealed 20 scientifically selected samples inside pristine tubes. The next stage is to get them back for study.

Considered one of the highest priorities by the scientists in the Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032, Mars Sample Return would be the first mission to return samples from another planet and provides the best opportunity to reveal the early evolution of Mars, including the potential for ancient life. NASA is teaming with ESA (European Space Agency) on this important endeavor. 

Learn more about Samples No. 14 and 15 – “Shuyak” and “Mageik,” a pair of sedimentary rock core samples that excite scientists because, on Earth, this type of sedimentary rock preserves signs of life for a very long time. If that same process also occurs on Mars, it could help us understand if life ever existed there.

Read about all the carefully selected samples: https://mars.nasa.gov/mars-rock-samples
Learn more about the Mars Sample Return campaign: https://mars.nasa.gov/msr

A key objective for Perseverance's mission on Mars is astrobiology, including the search for signs of ancient microbial life. The rover characterizes the planet's geology and past climate, paves the way for human exploration of the Red Planet, and is the first mission to collect and cache Martian rock and regolith (broken rock and dust).

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

« Last Edit: 08/02/2023 10:58 pm by catdlr »
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Meet the Mars Samples: Kukaklek (Sample 16)

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
9 Aug 2023

Meet one of the Martian samples that has been collected and is awaiting return to Earth as part of the Mars Sample Return campaign. As of late July 2023, NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover has collected and sealed 20 scientifically selected samples inside pristine tubes. The next stage is to get them back for study.

Considered one of the highest priorities by the scientists in the Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032, Mars Sample Return would be the first mission to return samples from another planet and provides the best opportunity to reveal the early evolution of Mars, including the potential for ancient life. NASA is teaming with ESA (European Space Agency) on this important endeavor.

Learn more about Sample No. 16 – “Kukaklek” – a sedimentary rock core collected from a rock at the Jezero Crater “Delta Front.” This sample came from a rock with various textures and colors of the mineral sulfate, possibly indicating that it interacted with water more than once. Was Jezero Crater filled with water multiple times? This rock may hold clues to Mars’ watery past.

Read about all the carefully selected samples: https://mars.nasa.gov/mars-rock-samples

Learn more about the Mars Sample Return campaign: https://mars.nasa.gov/msr

A key objective for Perseverance's mission on Mars is astrobiology, including the search for signs of ancient microbial life. The rover characterizes the planet's geology and past climate, paves the way for human exploration of the Red Planet, and is the first mission to collect and cache Martian rock and regolith (broken rock and dust).

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

« Last Edit: 08/09/2023 07:30 pm by FutureSpaceTourist »

Offline catdlr

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Meet the Mars Samples: Atmo Mountain and Crosswind Lake (Samples 17 and 18)

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Aug 16, 2023
Meet two of the Martian samples that have been collected and are awaiting return to Earth as part of the Mars Sample Return campaign. As of early August 2023, NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover has collected and sealed 20 scientifically selected samples inside pristine tubes. The next stage is to get them back for study.

Considered one of the highest priorities by the scientists in the Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032, Mars Sample Return would be the first mission to return samples from another planet and provides the best opportunity to reveal the early evolution of Mars, including the potential for ancient life. NASA is teaming with ESA (European Space Agency) on this important endeavor.

Learn more about Samples No. 17 and 18 – “Atmo Mountain” and “Crosswind Lake,” the mission’s first samples of the Mars surface material known as “regolith.” The samples were collected from a low, wind-blown ripple and contain loose material representing a range of grain sizes such as dust, sand, and pebbles. Martian wind can carry smaller grains like this over long distances, so regolith can provide insight into the global and local landscape, all in a single “grab bag.”

Read about all the carefully selected samples: https://mars.nasa.gov/mars-rock-samples

Learn more about the Mars Sample Return campaign: https://mars.nasa.gov/msr

A key objective for Perseverance's mission on Mars is astrobiology, including the search for signs of ancient microbial life. The rover characterizes the planet's geology and past climate, paves the way for human exploration of the Red Planet, and is the first mission to collect and cache Martian rock and regolith.

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech



« Last Edit: 08/24/2023 04:58 am by catdlr »
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Offline catdlr

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Re: NASA/ESA - Mars Samples Return - Description of Each Sample
« Reply #10 on: 08/24/2023 04:59 am »
Meet the Mars Samples: Melyn (Sample 19)

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Aug 23, 2023
Meet one of the Martian samples that has been collected and is awaiting return to Earth as part of the Mars Sample Return campaign. As of early August 2023, NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover has collected and sealed 20 scientifically selected samples inside pristine tubes. The next stage is to get them back for study.

Considered one of the highest priorities by the scientists in the Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032, Mars Sample Return would be the first mission to return samples from another planet and provides the best opportunity to reveal the early evolution of Mars, including the potential for ancient life. NASA is teaming with ESA (European Space Agency) on this important endeavor.

Learn more about Sample No. 19 – “Melyn,” the first sample the rover collected after climbing up onto the ancient delta formation in Mars’ Jezero Crater. The rocks in this area were deposited in an ancient river environment, as opposed to the rover’s earlier samples from the ancient lakebed. Due to a type of mineral called carbonate found in this rock, scientists believe this sample could be well-suited to record the signatures of past water history on Mars.

Read about all the carefully selected samples: https://mars.nasa.gov/mars-rock-samples

Learn more about the Mars Sample Return campaign: https://mars.nasa.gov/msr

A key objective for Perseverance's mission on Mars is astrobiology, including the search for signs of ancient microbial life. The rover characterizes the planet's geology and past climate, paves the way for human exploration of the Red Planet, and is the first mission to collect and cache Martian rock and regolith (broken rock and dust).

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

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Offline zubenelgenubi

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Re: NASA/ESA - Mars Sample Return - Description of Each Sample
« Reply #11 on: 10/22/2023 10:36 am »
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Re: NASA/ESA - Mars Sample Return - Description of Each Sample
« Reply #12 on: 11/15/2023 10:56 pm »


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Meet the 20th Martian sample collected by NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover – “Otis Peak,” the first rock core sample taken from a conglomerate rock, which consists of pebbles cemented together.
 
This sample is referred to as a “treasure box” because the pebbles are believed to have been carried by a fast-moving river from places the rover may never explore. Scientists believe studying this sample may yield information about the formation and environmental evolution of Jezero Crater.
 
As of early November 2023, the Perseverance rover has collected and sealed 23 scientifically selected samples inside pristine tubes as part of the Mars Sample Return campaign. The next stage is to get them to Earth for study.
 
Considered one of the highest priorities by the scientists in the Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032, Mars Sample Return would be the first mission to return samples from another planet and provides the best opportunity to reveal the early evolution of Mars, including the potential for ancient life. NASA is teaming with ESA (European Space Agency) on this important endeavor.
 
A key objective for Perseverance's mission on Mars is astrobiology, including the search for signs of ancient microbial life. The rover will characterize the planet's geology and past climate, pave the way for human exploration of the Red Planet, as well as be the first mission to collect and cache Martian rock and regolith (broken rock and dust).
 
Read about all the carefully selected samples: https://mars.nasa.gov/mars-rock-samples
 
Learn more about the Mars Sample Return campaign: https://mars.nasa.gov/msr
 
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

Offline Dalhousie

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Re: NASA/ESA - Mars Sample Return - Description of Each Sample
« Reply #13 on: 11/19/2023 11:52 pm »


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Meet the 20th Martian sample collected by NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover – “Otis Peak,” the first rock core sample taken from a conglomerate rock, which consists of pebbles cemented together.
 
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

I surprised they did not collect more conglomerate samples, even their ability to represent lithologies from the hinterland
Apologies in advance for any lack of civility - it's unintended

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Re: NASA/ESA - Mars Sample Return - Description of Each Sample
« Reply #14 on: 12/06/2023 06:00 pm »


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Meet the Mars Samples: Pilot Mountain (Sample 21)

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

29 Nov 2023

Meet the 21st Martian sample collected by NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover – “Pilot Mountain,” a rock sample believed to be among the youngest preserved material in Jezero Crater.

The team’s decision to sample this area was based on images taken by the Ingenuity helicopter, which showed interesting rocks scientists had not yet seen. An initial abrasion revealed green, glassy grains that represent some of the youngest material Perseverance has investigated. Comparing rocks of different ages can help shed light on the evolution of the planet.

As of early November 2023, the Perseverance rover has collected and sealed 23 scientifically selected samples inside pristine tubes as part of the Mars Sample Return campaign. The next stage is to get them to Earth for study.

Considered one of the highest priorities by the scientists in the Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032, Mars Sample Return would be the first mission to return samples from another planet and provides the best opportunity to reveal the early evolution of Mars, including the potential for ancient life. NASA is teaming with ESA (European Space Agency) on this important endeavor.

A key objective for Perseverance's mission on Mars is astrobiology, including the search for signs of ancient microbial life. The rover will characterize the planet's geology and past climate, pave the way for human exploration of the Red Planet, as well as be the first mission to collect and cache Martian rock and regolith (broken rock and dust).

Read about all the carefully selected samples: https://mars.nasa.gov/mars-rock-samples

Learn more about the Mars Sample Return campaign: https://mars.nasa.gov/msr

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

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Re: NASA/ESA - Mars Sample Return - Description of Each Sample
« Reply #15 on: 12/06/2023 06:01 pm »


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Meet the Mars Samples: Pelican Point (Sample 22)

NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
6 Dec 2023

Meet the 22nd Martian sample collected by NASA’s Mars Perseverance rover – “Pelican Point,” the first sample taken from an area in Jezero Crater that has intrigued scientists since orbital images showed it to be rich in carbonate, a mineral linked to habitability. What formed this “Margin Unit” – ancient volcanoes, an ancient shore line, or something else? By answering that question, scientists can better understand the evolution of the Red Planet.

As of early December 2023, the Perseverance rover has collected and sealed 23 scientifically selected samples inside pristine tubes as part of the Mars Sample Return campaign. The next stage is to get them to Earth for study.

Considered one of the highest priorities by the scientists in the Science and Astrobiology Decadal Survey 2023-2032, Mars Sample Return would be the first mission to return samples from another planet and provides the best opportunity to reveal the early evolution of Mars, including the potential for ancient life. NASA is teaming with ESA (European Space Agency) on this important endeavor.

A key objective for Perseverance's mission on Mars is astrobiology, including the search for signs of ancient microbial life. The rover will characterize the planet's geology and past climate, pave the way for human exploration of the Red Planet, as well as be the first mission to collect and cache Martian rock and regolith (broken rock and dust).

Read about all the carefully selected samples: https://mars.nasa.gov/mars-rock-samples

Learn more about the Mars Sample Return campaign: https://mars.nasa.gov/msr

Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/JHU-APL/Purdue/USGS

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