One major space science mission of China in 2023 is to launch the 1.45-t Einstein Probe to observe X-ray radiation produced by energetic events at 600km 30° LEO.
爱因斯坦探针（EP）卫星工程2023年度工作会召开QuoteEinstein Probe (EP) Satellite Engineering 2023 Annual Work Meeting HeldFirst, ensure that the back wall of the EP satellite's launch on November 5, 2023 will not collapse; second, the overall project and major systems, especially the satellite system, must grasp the follow-up key nodes; third, the satellite overall strengthens the organization Management, implementation of responsibilities, strengthening of personnel security, to ensure that there are no problems in the development of satellites.The EP(Einstein Probe) might be launched before November 5 this year.
Einstein Probe (EP) Satellite Engineering 2023 Annual Work Meeting HeldFirst, ensure that the back wall of the EP satellite's launch on November 5, 2023 will not collapse; second, the overall project and major systems, especially the satellite system, must grasp the follow-up key nodes; third, the satellite overall strengthens the organization Management, implementation of responsibilities, strengthening of personnel security, to ensure that there are no problems in the development of satellites.
The Einstein Probe (EP) satellite engineering satellite factory review meeting was held in BeijingOn November 29, the satellite factory approval meeting for the Einstein Probe (EP) satellite project was held in Beijing. Ding Chibiao, vice president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and commander-in-chief of the space science satellite project, attended the meeting and mobilized.The Einstein Probe (EP) satellite was established and implemented by the Space Science Pilot Project (Phase II) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. It will carry out high-sensitivity real-time dynamic sky survey monitoring in the soft X-ray band, discover and explore temporary and explosive celestial objects in the universe, and Guide other space- and ground-based astronomical equipment to carry out follow-up observations. The European Space Agency (ESA), Germany's Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics (MPE) and the French Space Agency (CNES) are involved in the project as an international collaboration. According to the plan, the satellite will be launched into orbit at the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in January 2024.After listening to the project report and opinions from all parties, Ding Chibiao agreed that the satellite would leave the factory to carry out the launch mission. In his mobilization speech, he emphasized the special mission and significance of this mission in accelerating the Chinese Academy of Sciences to seize the commanding heights of science and technology and accelerate the advancement of space science into a new stage of development. The significance requires the entire project to keep in mind General Secretary Xi Jinping’s expectation of “producing early results, producing more results, producing good results, and producing big results”, comprehensively improve quality management, organization and implementation, risk prevention and control, news publicity and other work standards, and advance the Plan to successfully complete the satellite launch mission and produce influential scientific results as soon as possible.More than 70 representatives from relevant departments of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, relevant departments inside and outside the academy, and major engineering systems attended the meeting.
Capturing the "invisible" cosmic "fireworks", this space science satellite is seeking a nameIn 2024, China will launch a new X-ray astronomy satellite. It will be a catcher of explosions of cosmic objects, capture the "invisible" "fireworks" of the universe, explore the last rays of light emitted by stars before they are swallowed up by black holes and discover supernova explosions. The first flash of light and the violent flare of stars near the solar system.Starting today (20th), the National Space Science Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the National Astronomical Observatory of the Chinese Academy of Sciences have publicly named this new space science satellite. Currently, our country has Wukong, Shijian-10, Mozi, Huiyan, Taiji-1, Huairou 1, Kuafu 1, Smile Project and other "big families" of space science satellite series, the naming requirements for this X-ray astronomy satellite are as follows:1. Avoid duplication with existing satellite names, no more than four characters.2. It is highly consistent with the core scientific goal of the satellite to "capture the fleeting and mysterious phenomena in the universe". The text is concise, easy to remember, and easy to spread.3. It has both scientific and traditional cultural connotations and demonstrates the scientific exploration spirit and cultural confidence of the Chinese people.4. Please submit a name definition of no less than 15 words and no more than 200 words.
The Chinese Academy of Sciences-ESA Einstein probe satellite equipped with a "lobster eye" will be launched at 3 pm on January 9The space exploration satellite "Einstein Probe", a collaboration between the National Space Science Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the European Space Agency and the Max Planck Institute of Extraterrestrial Physics, will ride on the Long March 2C rocket at 15:00 on January 9, 2024. It was launched from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center. The Einstein Probe is a wide-field X-ray space observation satellite. Its main mission is to carry out wide-field time-domain sky survey monitoring in the soft X-ray band, systematically discover high-energy transients in the universe and detect variable celestial objects. , monitor the activity of celestial bodies and explore their nature and physical processes.The probe was originally scheduled to be launched in 2022, but was later postponed to January 2024. The latest news is that it will be launched at 15:00 (UTC+8) on January 9, 2024.The Einstein Probes are able to peer deeply into events involving X-rays and provide more details about the interactions between black holes, magnetars, active galactic nuclei, red-shifted gamma-ray bursts, and comets and solar wind ions.The ability to regularly discover new X-ray sources and events is critical to improving human understanding of the origins of gravitational waves. Although detectors on Earth can detect gravitational wave signals, they often cannot locate the source, and the Einstein probe will help We determine the origin of many gravitational wave events observed on Earth.Some highlight technologies of Einstein probes: lobster eyesThe detector is equipped with a new generation of instruments that are highly sensitive and capable of observing large areas of the sky: the Wide-Field X-ray Telescope (WXT) and the follow-on Telescope X-ray Telescope (FTX).Among them, WXT has an optical modular design that imitates a lobster eye and uses innovative microhole optical technology, which allows WXT to observe 3,600 square degrees (equivalent to 1/10 of the celestial sphere) at a time.Thanks to this unique capability, the Einstein probe is able to monitor nearly the entire night sky in three orbits around the Earth.