Author Topic: Soyuz-2.1a/Fregat - Meridian-M №10 - Plesetsk 43/3 - Mar 22, 2022 (12:48 UTC)  (Read 7188 times)

Online Josh_from_Canada

A reliable source on the NK forum says a launch from Plesetsk is happening on March 22nd. Based on the reports of an upcoming Glonass launch, I'm assuming this is referring to the final Glonass-M satellite.
https://forum.novosti-kosmonavtiki.ru/index.php?PHPSESSID=6aeaeo7m2b02btff5ai6tpcsh7;topic=16307.msg2367945#msg2367945
« Last Edit: 04/19/2022 11:19 pm by zubenelgenubi »
Launches Seen: Atlas-V OA-7,

Offline B. Hendrickx

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So far all the NK source is willing to reveal is that it is a tried-and-tested type of satellite, but not Glonass-M.

Online Josh_from_Canada

So far all the NK source is willing to reveal is that it is a tried-and-tested type of satellite, but not Glonass-M.
Meridian-M №10?
Launches Seen: Atlas-V OA-7,

Offline B. Hendrickx

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So far all the NK source is willing to reveal is that it is a tried-and-tested type of satellite, but not Glonass-M.
Meridian-M №10?

Remaining options are Meridian-M, Bars-M, Lotos-S1, Tundra and Nivelir.

Offline B. Hendrickx

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Re: Soyuz-2.1?/? - ?? - Plesetsk 43/x - March 22, 2022
« Reply #4 on: 03/17/2022 12:24 pm »
https://tass.ru/kosmos/14100411

Three impact zones in the Komi autonomous republic (east of Plesetsk) have been announced for a Soyuz-2 launch on March  22 between 15.00 and 17.00 Moscow time (12.00-14.00 UTC). Back-up launch dates are March 23, 24 and 25.

The same impact zones have earlier been announced for launches of Glonass-M, EKS/Tundra and Meridian-M satellites. Since Glonass-M has apparently been ruled out by a source on the NK forum, that would leave Tundra and Meridian-M as possible options. Tundra last flew in November last year and Meridian-M hasn't flown since February 2020. If it is Meridian-M, it will probably be announced as such (like its predecessors) and not receive a Kosmos designation.

Offline B. Hendrickx

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The inside source on the NK forum now says that the payload is Meridian-M. This should be the third of four Meridian-M satellites ordered by the Ministry of Defense in 2016 (serial number 20).

Offline input~2

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Q1859/22 - ATS RTE SEGMENTS CLSD:
L253 UDARE - ARPOT
N174 NIPSI - UGBAT
P988 LAPIG - RUPAD
T187 IBEBO - OBIRU
T756 BAPES - GUDES
T760 INROR - NILIN
T762 ADMES - OBIRU
T816 AGIDI - ARPOT
T818 SONIB - GAPRA
T825 GISUS - RUPAD
W155 UGBAT - GAKPI
W784 GENSU - TODSA
W785 OTNUK - KUTOB. SFC - UNL, DAILY 1200-1500, 22 MAR 12:00 2022 UNTIL 25 MAR
15:00 2022. CREATED: 18 MAR 06:38 2022



E3032/22 - ATS RTE SEGMENTS CLSD:
G356 ROMNA - VOREG
N992 DINAT - NIKUL
P865 LERPI - INKOR
R372 TIRUN - PIRED
R717 ROPSI - RISIR
W256 ROMEV - ROMNA. SFC - UNL, 22-25 1200-1500, 22 MAR 12:00 2022 UNTIL 25 MAR
15:00 2022. CREATED: 18 MAR 06:29 2022


F0675/22 - ROCKET LAUNCH FROM RUSSIA WILL TAKE PLACE
FLW RECEIVED FROM GOVERNMENT OF RUSSIA: THE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE OF
RUSSIA PLANS TO LAUNCH MISSILE INTO SPACE AND TO SINK ITS FRAGMENTS
IN THE WATERS OF THE OCEAN.
CHARACTERISTICS OF IMPACT AREA:
463801S 1550023E
514130S 1630000E
561845S 1630000E
491821S 1511007E
463801S 1550023E
PRIMARY LAUNCH 2203221200
BACKUP AS PER FIELD D. SFC - UNL, DAILY 1200/1500, 22 MAR 12:00 2022 UNTIL 25
MAR 15:00 2022. CREATED: 15 MAR 19:55 2022
« Last Edit: 03/21/2022 08:48 pm by input~2 »

Offline B. Hendrickx

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A source on the NK forum says the launch is scheduled for 15.45 Moscow time (12.45 UTC).

Offline Salo

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A source on the NK forum says the launch is scheduled for 15.45 Moscow time (12.45 UTC).
Meridian launch 12:48:22 UTC.

Offline B. Hendrickx

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Liftoff confirmed.

Offline B. Hendrickx

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Exact liftoff time 12.48.22.591 UTC.

Offline B. Hendrickx

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Looks like the payload has been successfully placed into its initial orbit.

Offline Satori

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Launch from LC43/3 according to RIA Novisti.

Offline B. Hendrickx

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If this Meridian launch follows the same profile as earlier ones, we should see a Fregat burn at about T+1h45m to change the orbit from about 200x200 km to roughly 290x36,000 km and another one at around T+2h15m to insert the satellite into its final orbit of about 1,000x39,800 km. After spacecraft separation, the Fregat should perform another burn to place itself into a graveyard orbit.

Offline Salo

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Liftoff 12:48:22.591 UTC.

Offline Rondaz

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Soyuz rocket with Meridian satellite launched from Plesetsk.

A Soyuz rocket with a Meridian-M satellite was launched from the Plesetsk cosmodrome.

03/22/2022 03:59 PM (updated: 03/22/2022 04:43 PM)

MOSCOW, March 22 - RIA Novosti. The Soyuz-2.1a rocket with the Meridian-M communications satellite was launched from the Plesetsk cosmodrome in the Arkhangelsk region, the Defense Ministry said.

"On March 22 at 15:48 Moscow time, from the launcher No. 3 of the site No. 43 of the Plesetsk State Test Cosmodrome, the combat crew of the Space Forces of the Aerospace Forces of Russia successfully launched a Soyuz-2.1a medium-class launch vehicle with the Meridian- M," the department said.

Three minutes after the launch, the Space Forces accepted the rocket for escort. At 15:57 Moscow time, the Fregat upper stage with the satellite separated from the launch vehicle. The launch of the spacecraft into the calculated orbit will take several hours.

The Ministry of Defense noted that all pre-launch operations were carried out as usual. The launch was controlled by a ground-based automated control system.

Satellites of the "Meridian" series provide communication between sea vessels and ice reconnaissance aircraft in the area of ​​the Northern Sea Route with coastal and ground stations. Also, the devices expand the capabilities of satellite communication stations in the northern regions of Siberia and the Far East .

https://ria.ru/20220322/raketa-1779469086.html

Offline Rondaz

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Upper stage with communication satellite Meridian-M separated from Soyuz rocket.

Upper stage with communication satellite "Meridian-M" separated from the rocket "Soyuz-2.1a".

16:11 22.03.2022

MOSCOW, March 22 - RIA Novosti. The Fregat upper stage with the Meridian-M satellite separated from the Soyuz-2.1a carrier rocket, which launched on Tuesday from the Plesetsk cosmodrome, the Russian Defense Ministry told reporters.

"The space warhead of the Soyuz-2.1a medium-class launch vehicle, as part of the Fregat upper stage and the Meridian-M spacecraft, at the estimated time, 15.57 Moscow time, routinely separated from the third stage of the Soyuz-2.1A launch vehicle ", the department said.

They clarified that the launch of the spacecraft into the calculated orbit by the Fregat upper stage will take several hours.

The launch of the Soyuz-2.1a space rocket was carried out from the northern cosmodrome at 15:48 Moscow time by the combat crew of the Space Forces of the Aerospace Forces .

The purpose of the satellites of the Meridian series is to provide communication for sea vessels and ice reconnaissance aircraft in the area of ​​the Northern Sea Route with coastal and ground stations. Also, the devices are needed to expand the capabilities of satellite communication stations in the northern regions of Siberia and the Far East .

https://ria.ru/20220322/raketa-1779472562.html

Offline B. Hendrickx

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NK source reports that spacecraft separation happened on time shortly after 15.00 UTC.

Offline Satori

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Other post on NK forum says that the launch was from PU-4.
« Last Edit: 03/22/2022 02:18 pm by Satori »

Offline B. Hendrickx

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Successful launch confirmed.
https://tass.com/science/1425803

Footage of the launch from Zvezda TV:


Same footage here without the Zvezda logos in the background:
https://tvzvezda.ru/news/20223221751-xUf9A.html


Offline Conexion Espacial

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Rogozin also confirms the success of the mission on his Telegram channel:
Quote

I congratulate the Space Forces Command and the crew of the Plesetsk Cosmodrome on the successful completion of their work.
The equipment did not fail, the people even less so.https://t.me/rogozin_do/2123
I publish information in Spanish about space and rockets.
https://twitter.com/conexionspacial

Online Josh_from_Canada

Footage of the launch from Zvezda TV:



That looks like Site 43 Pad 4 to me

The lightning protections towers for Pad 4 have 3 sides while the towers for Pad 3 have 4 sides
« Last Edit: 03/22/2022 04:30 pm by Josh_from_Canada »
Launches Seen: Atlas-V OA-7,

Offline B. Hendrickx

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For those interested, here’s a brief history of the Meridian project that I wrote down a while ago (pretty drafty). A satellite by that name was originally conceived in the late 1970s, but it was completely redesigned in the 1990s and ultimately didn't fly until 2006. NPO PM is the former name of ISS Reshetnev (until 2008).


Quote
In the late 1970s work got underway on the ESSS-2 constellation, which was to consist of a new generation of satellites in both Molniya-type orbits (Meridian) and geostationary orbit (Raduga-1/Globus-1).

Because NPO PM’s production facility was preoccupied with many other projects, the manufacture of the Meridian satellites was delegated to PO Polyot in Omsk. The preliminary design was finished in early 1978, but for unknown reasons the project was then suspended until 1983. Work seems to have continued on it later in that decade, but then became stalled again after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

The new economic realities forced NPO PM to suspend its co-operation with PO Polyot  and completely redesign the Meridian satellites. Since this was expected to take many years, it was decided to build an interim satellite that would have to bridge the gap to Meridian. This became known as Molniya-3K. Despite its name, in terms of design it was reportedly a much improved version of Molniya-1T rather than Molniya-3, also incorporating several tried-and-tested design features of geostationary communications satellites.  Responsibility for the communications payload (called Omega) was initially entrusted to NPO PM’s long-standing partner MNIIRS (Moscow Scientific Research Institute of Radio Communications), but in 1998 was transferred to a newly founded company named NPTs Spurt, which developed an improved version called Omega-S. The first satellite was launched on July 20, 2001, but suffered numerous problems after reaching orbit. The second and last satellite, which reportedly was to test elements of the Meridian payload, was lost in a launch failure on June 21, 2005.

Meanwhile, NPO PM had redesigned Meridian to fly on the improved Soyuz-2 launch vehicle with the new Fregat upper stage, making it possible to increase its mass to 2,100 kg. Whereas all the Molniya satellites had used the KAUR-2 design, the new Meridian satellites switched to a design tracing back its roots to NPO PM’s KAUR-4 platform, featuring three-axis stabilization, much larger solar panels generating 3000W of power and an on-board computer. The satellites also inherited many features from the Glonass-M navigation satellites. The satellites were given the military index 14F112 and the Meridian “space complex” (the combination of the satellites and the ground-based infrastructure needed to launch and operate them) was designated 14K131.

In 1998 the design of the payload was assigned to RNII KP (now Russian Space Systems), which decided to rely on foreign-built electronic components that significantly reduced the payload’s mass and power demands. This in turn made it possible to turn Meridian into a multifunctional satellite that combined the communication functions of Molniya-1T, Molniya-3 and Tsiklon-B/Parus (the latter, a navigation satellite, had a communications payload for the Navy). The original idea seems to have been to gradually introduce that capability in three generations of Meridian satellites (Meridian-1, 2 and 3), but in 2000 it was decided to outfit Meridian with three transponders from the start.

The payload reportedly covered frequencies in the VHF, UHF and S-bands. One name that was associated with the payload was Tsitron (“citron”) (also known as 14R57, developed by Russian Space Systems), but it is unclear if this referred to the entire payload or just part of it.  NPTs Spurt apparently provided the transponder that replaced the one earlier flown on the Molniya-1T satellites and which is part of the Korund-M system. The satellite was equipped with more than ten antennas of various types.

Civilian tasks were also announced for Meridian, more specifically to connect ships and airplanes examining the ice situation in the Northern sea route with the shoreline and also to expand communications in the northern regions of Siberia and the Far East “in the interests of the econоmy”. 

The program got off to a shaky start. After numerous delays, the first satellite was launched on December 24, 2006, but in May 2009 it was revealed that it had failed far short of its 7-year design lifetime. It had reportedly suffered a loss of pressurization in its bus, which was blamed on a space debris impact. The second satellite, orbited on May 21, 2009, ended up in a lower than planned orbit due to a malfunction of the Fregat upper stage, but was still used, although it operated outside the standard constellation. Following two successful launches on November 2, 2010 and May 4, 2011, another Meridian was lost in a launch failure on December 23, 2011. Two more launches on November 14, 2012 and October 30, 2014 established the originally planned constellation of four satellites.

The hope was that Meridian would be succeeded by the next-generation Sfera-V satellites before the end of the decade. Together with the geostationary Sfera-S satellites, these would form the ESSS-3 constellation. However, delays in the Sfera program forced the Ministry of Defense to sign a contract with ISS Reshetnev on March 29, 2016 for the manufacture of a batch of four modified satellites dubbed Meridian-M (14F112M) (serial numbers 18 to 21). According to Russian press reports, two more were ordered by the Ministry of Defense in May 2020 (these should have serial numbers 22 and 23). An on-board system identified in one court document as 14R156-1 may be the payload. The first two Meridian-M satellites were launched on July 30, 2019 and February 20, 2020.

This is a drawing of Meridian released by ISS Reshetnev. Meridian-M probably looks very similar.

Offline Satori

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Looks like its 14A14-1A Soyuz-2.1a/Fregat (76097216/111-xxx) (?)

https://function.mil.ru/news_page/country/[email protected]

Offline Rondaz

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Russian communications satellite "Meridian" successfully launched into orbit.

Ministry of Defense: Fregat upper stage successfully launched Meridian-M communication device into orbit.

18:29 03/22/2022 (updated: 22:13 03/22/2022)

MOSCOW, March 22 - RIA Novosti. The Fregat upper stage successfully launched the Russian Meridian-M communications spacecraft into orbit, the Russian Defense Ministry told reporters.

"The Fregat upper stage successfully launched the Meridian-M spacecraft into the estimated orbit," the agency said.

The spacecraft was launched at 15.48 Moscow time from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome by a Soyuz-2.1a carrier rocket. Nine minutes later, at 15.57 Moscow time, the warhead consisting of Fregat and the Meridian-M satellite separated from the rocket. The upper stage continued to withdraw the apparatus.

The purpose of the satellites of the Meridian series is to provide communication for sea vessels and ice reconnaissance aircraft in the area of ​​the Northern Sea Route with coastal and ground stations. Also, the devices are needed to expand the capabilities of satellite communication stations in the northern regions of Siberia and the Far East .

https://ria.ru/20220322/sputnik-1779508538.html

Offline Rondaz

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Russia’s Aerospace Force assumes control of Meridian-M satellite launched from Plesetsk.

Communication with the satellite is stable and all of the satellite’s system operate normally.

22 MAR, 09:43

MOSCOW, March 22. /TASS/. Ground facilities of Russia’s Aerospace Force have assumed control of the Meridian-M satellite, orbited by a Soyuz rocket from the Plesetsk cosmodrome on Tuesday.

"The space apparatus Meridian-M was timely inserted into the designated orbit. Ground facilities of the Aerospace Force assumed control of the satellite to run it during the orbital flight," the Defense Ministry said.

Communication with the satellite is stable and all of the satellite’s system operate normally.

The Soyuz-2.1a rocket blasted off from Plesetsk at 15:48 Moscow time. The payload - the Frigat booster and Meridian-M satellite - separated from the launch vehicle at 15:57. The booster continued to propel satellite into the designated orbit.

The satellites of the Meridian family are responsible for communication between ships and ice reconnaissance planes along the Northern Sea Route coastal and ground stations.

https://tass.com/science/1425841

Offline Rondaz

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The Soyuz-2.1a space rocket has joined the #ZaNashikh support action for Russian servicemen !

https://twitter.com/mod_russia/status/1506328618640805890

Offline B. Hendrickx

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However, delays in the Sfera program forced the Ministry of Defense to sign a contract with ISS Reshetnev on March 29, 2016 for the manufacture of a batch of four modified satellites dubbed Meridian-M (14F112M) (serial numbers 18 to 21). According to Russian press reports, two more were ordered by the Ministry of Defense in May 2020 (these should have serial numbers 22 and 23). An on-board system identified in one court document as 14R156-1 may be the payload. The first two Meridian-M satellites were launched on July 30, 2019 and February 20, 2020.

A correction to that: an ISS Reshetnev insider writing on the NK forum says the 2016 contract covered the launch of two satellites (nrs. 18 and 19) and the 2020 contract that of another two (nrs. 20 and 21). The one that went up today was nr. 20. This means that only one more Meridian-M is scheduled to fly (unless more or ordered).

Offline eeergo

The Soyuz-2.1a space rocket has joined the #ZaNashikh support action for Russian servicemen !

Disgusting use of Putin's swastika. I find this comment very apt:

https://mobile.twitter.com/ClosertoSpace/status/1506369269667311616

It's probably the first time in history a symbol of war is affixed to a space orbital launch, if I'm not mistaken.

It's really shameful to arrive at this, there are no words. A true shame for the Russian space industry, which otherwise is truly respectable.

During Apollo, the US was engulfing the Vietnamese forests with tonnes of napalm. In the 80s, the USSR was battling in Afghanistan. Never before has any orbital launcher been decorated with a symbol backing an underway conflict.

Between the suspended flights with weak justifications, the threats, the propaganda online, etc - the Russian program is really hitting rock bottom right now.
-DaviD-

Offline russianhalo117

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The Soyuz-2.1a space rocket has joined the #ZaNashikh support action for Russian servicemen !

Disgusting use of Putin's swastika. I find this comment very apt:

https://mobile.twitter.com/ClosertoSpace/status/1506369269667311616

It's probably the first time in history a symbol of war is affixed to a space orbital launch, if I'm not mistaken.

It's really shameful to arrive at this, there are no words. A true shame for the Russian space industry, which otherwise is truly respectable.

During Apollo, the US was engulfing the Vietnamese forests with tonnes of napalm. In the 80s, the USSR was battling in Afghanistan. Never before has any orbital launcher been decorated with a symbol backing an underway conflict.

Between the suspended flights with weak justifications, the threats, the propaganda online, etc - the Russian program is really hitting rock bottom right now.
The fairing hits the ground it isn't on the payload itself.

Offline Rondaz

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CelesTrak has TLEs for 2 objects from the launch (2022-030) of a Meridian-M satellite atop a Soyuz-2.1a rocket from Plesetsk Cosmodrome on Mar 22 at 1248 UTC:

https://twitter.com/TSKelso/status/1506377821286907904

Offline Rondaz

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This morning, the Russian military launched the Meridian-M-20L satellite onboard a Soyuz rocket from Plesetsk. The Meridian-M series consists of communications satellites used for both civil and military purposes.

https://twitter.com/TGMetsFan98/status/1506413802266497031

Offline Lewis007

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Offline input~2

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2022-030A/52145 in 974 x 39767 km x 62.83° (S/C)
2022-030B/52146 in 859 x 39579 km x 62.81° (Fregat)

Offline GWR64

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What about Meridian 10? Last TLE of April 18, reentry orbit ?

https://www.heavens-above.com/orbit.aspx?satid=52145

Quote
1 52145U 22030A   22108.10209095 -.00006891  70516-4  52658-1 0  9998
2 52145  62.9062 320.5502 8256794 260.2774 288.2060  1.99077553   529

Epoch (UTC):    18 April 2022 02:27:00
Eccentricity:    0.8256794
inclination:    62.9062°
perigee height:    -1725 km
apogee height:    42353 km
...

Offline gwiz

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..or not recovered after manoeuvring to operational 12-hour orbit?

Offline GWR64

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https://twitter.com/coastal8049/status/1516153662015299584

Quote
Scott Tilley 🇺🇦
@coastal8049
MERIDIAN 10 Doppler.  Present http://Space-track.org TLE is completely out to lunch as can be seen in first image.  I used my radio position TLE and fitted it a bit to the Doppler to obtain image 2.  End of pass hasn't occurred yet so no wide fuzz to comment on yet. (5/6)

Why NORAD object 52145 (Meridian 10) cannot be restored at the USSF remains a mystery.
« Last Edit: 05/01/2022 08:06 am by GWR64 »

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