Author Topic: Apollo 14 - The Unflown Mission  (Read 2240 times)

Offline Graham2001

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Apollo 14 - The Unflown Mission
« on: 09/25/2023 11:59 am »
While Apollo 13 was preparing for launch planning was underway for Apollo 14. When the famous sequence of events that led to Apollo 13 not landing at Fra Mauro occurred this planning was scrapped and the mission retargeted.

Prior to the security scare that led to a lot of interesting material being removed from the NTRS I stumbled across a document entitled "Apollo 14 (Mission H-3) Baseline Mission Profile" (Attached) dated December 31, 1969. As far as I know it's the only document covering what was originally planned for Apollo 14 that I was able to find on the NTRS.

The projected launch dates were in July or August of 1970 with a primary landing target at a site in Littrow different from the Apollo 17 landing site and the backup site (Which would only have been used if the launches took place in August.) being Apollo 6R, a site that dated back to the original list of planned Apollo landing sites (See attached screenshot).

I'd be interested to know if anyone has stumbled across any other documentation relating to this unflown version of Apollo 14.

Offline Blackstar

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Re: Apollo 14 - The Unflown Mission
« Reply #1 on: 09/25/2023 09:20 pm »
I think there are two books that cover unflown missions, including Apollo missions. I know I have one of them (from Springer), I might have both. I am interested if anybody has read both and can compare them.

Offline leovinus

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Re: Apollo 14 - The Unflown Mission
« Reply #2 on: 09/25/2023 11:39 pm »
[snip]
I'd be interested to know if anyone has stumbled across any other documentation relating to this unflown version of Apollo 14.

Not something I have stumbled across but an interesting question :) Here are three leads I would suggest

1) Via NASA HQ History division. The reason is that the report you shared has a number MSC-91293 which is similar to the materials I quote below.

Go to
https://history.nasa.gov/finding_aids.html
and when you search the record groups 9 and 11 you will find the five entries below. The first four are marked as having a PDF scan. hence, when you contact
[email protected]
and ask for electronic copies of these records, and they will probably send you copies of the PDFs like e000040108.pdf et al.

The ROBERT SHERROD collection is a wildcard. The rescheduling is mentioned.

Quote
RG-11 e000040108.pdf, Box 55352, TECHNICAL DOCUMENTS,"1970-06-09: JUNE 9, 1970","Tuesday, June 24, 2014","APOLLO 14 - MISSION REQUIREMENTS SA-509-CSM-110-LM-8 H-3 TYPE MISSION; LUNAR LANDING; JUNE 9, 1970","APOLLO 14 - MISSION REQUIREMENTS SA-509-CSM-110-LM-8 H-3 TYPE MISSION; LUNAR LANDING; JUNE 9, 1970","Apollo 14 - Mission Requirements SA-509-CSM-110-LM-8 H-3 Type Mission; Lunar Landing; June 9, 1970.",REPORTS,,APOLLO 14 FLIGHT,APOLLO 14 FLIGHT

RG-11 e000042521.pdf, Box 57238,TECHNICAL DOCUMENTS,"1970-12-01: DECEMBER 1, 1970","Tuesday, September 17, 2013",MSC Internal Note MSC - 03433 Apollo Mission Techniques - Mission H-3 and Subsequent Tracking Data Selection Controllers Procedures - Techniques Description Final Issue,MSC Internal Note MSC - 03433 Apollo Mission Techniques - Mission H-3 and Subsequent Tracking Data Selection Controllers Procedures - Techniques Description Final Issue,"Contains, ""MSC Internal Note MSC - 03433 Apollo Mission Techniques - Mission H-3 and Subsequent Tracking Data Selection Controllers Procedures - Techniques Description Final Issue"" December 1, 1970.",,,APOLLO 14 FLIGHT,APOLLO 14 FLIGHT

RG-11 e000042520.pdf, Box 57237,TECHNICAL DOCUMENTS,"1970-10-16: OCTOBER 16, 1970","Tuesday, September 17, 2013",MSC Internal Note MSC-02619 Apollo Mission Techniques - Mission H-3 and Subsequent Manual Ascent - Techniques Description Final Issue,MSC Internal Note MSC-02619 Apollo Mission Techniques - Mission H-3 and Subsequent Manual Ascent - Techniques Description Final Issue,"Contains, ""MSC Internal Note MSC-02619 Apollo Mission Techniques - Mission H-3 and Subsequent Manual Ascent - Techniques Description Final Issue"" October 16, 1970.",,,APOLLO 14 FLIGHT,APOLLO 14 FLIGHT

RG-11 000042519.pdf, Box 57236,TECHNICAL DOCUMENTS,"1970-12-01: DECEMBER 1, 1970","Tuesday, September 17, 2013",MSC Internal Note MSC-03429 Apollo Mission Techniques - Mission H-3 Update - Techniques Description,MSC Internal Note MSC-03429 Apollo Mission Techniques - Mission H-3 Update - Techniques Description,"Contains, ""MSC Internal Note MSC-03429 Apollo Mission Techniques - Mission H-3 Update - Techniques Description"" December 1, 1970.",,,APOLLO 14 FLIGHT,APOLLO 14 FLIGHT

RG-9 Box 12881,ROBERT SHERROD APOLLO COLLECTION,1970-1972,"Friday, April 11, 1997",APOLLO 14 MISSION - 1/31/1971,APOLLO 14 MISSION - 1/31/1971,"News clippings, articles, correspondence, and press releases re Apollo 14 flight and crew; difficulty in command and service module (CSM) docking with lunar module ""Antares"" in Earth orbit; lunar landing in Fra Mauro region; extrasensory perception (ESP) test conducted by Edgar D. Mitchell while on lunar surface; lunar samples collected; impact of spent Saturn third stage on Moon; preparations for flight; and rescheduling of flight in wake of Apollo 13 accident investigation. Includes NASA Educational Publication EP91: ""Apollo 14: Science at Fra Mauro"". Also includes Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC) reports: ""Apollo 14 Photographic and Scientific Debriefing"", ""Apollo Mission Techniques: Mission H-3 and Subsequent Manual Ascent"", ""... Mission H-3 Update"", ""... Mission H-3 and Subsequent Tracking Data Selection Controllers Procedures"", and ""...Mission J-1 Update"".","MANUSCRIPTS, PRESS RELEASES, NASA PUBLICATIONS","SHERROD, ROBERT",ROBERT SHERROD APOLLO COLLECTION,"APOLLO PROGRAM, APOLLO 14 FLIGHT, APOLLO 14 CREW, APOLLO COMMAND AND SERVICE MODULE (CSM), APOLLO LUNAR MODULE (LM), LUNAR EXPLORATION, LUNAR FEATURES, LUNAR SAMPLES, SATURN LAUNCH VEHICLES, NASA EDUCATIONAL PUBLICATION EP91, PROGRAM MANAGEMENT, SPACE HISTORY"

2) Try at archive.org via
https://archive.org/search?query=%22apollo+14%22+NTRS+Littrow&sin=TXT
and see what pops up.

3) There many Apollo 14 reports on NTRS, and often with copies at archive.org. Below a list. The suffix ", archive.org" means there a copy on archive.org. No idea though which ones have materials about the rescheduling that you are looking for. Search archive.org with the first column e.g. 19710004668

Quote
19710004668 ,Apollo/Saturn 5 consolidated instrumentation plan for AS-509 /Apollo 14/, "1970-12-07", archive.org
19710005842 ,Apollo 14 /AS-509/ operational trajectory for 31 January 1971, "1970-12-11", archive.org
19710012245 ,Apollo 14 - Science at Fra Mauro, "1971-01-01", archive.org
19710021477 ,Apollo 14 preliminary science report, "1971-01-01", archive.org
19710027929 ,Apollo 14 mission, "1971-02-01", archive.org
19720003636 ,Liquid transfer demonstration on board Apollo 14 during transearth coast, "1971-11-01", archive.org
19720005200 ,A summary of phase analysis on Apollo 14 samples, "1971-10-01", archive.org
19720006206 ,Apollo 14 mission food preparation unit leakage, "1971-08-01", archive.org
19720006209 ,Apollo 14 mission, "1971-10-01", archive.org
19720007220 ,Apollo 14 composite casting demonstration, "1971-08-20", archive.org
19720007892 ,Test and evaluation of Apollo 14 composite casting demonstration specimens 6, "1971-09-01", archive.org
19720010767 ,Apollo 14 lunar photography. Part 1, "1971-08-01", archive.org
19720010804 ,Lunar surface closeup stereoscopic photography at Fra Mauro (Apollo 14 site), "1972-01-01", archive.org
19720011225 ,Apollo 14 mission, "1971-12-01", archive.org
19720015848 ,Apollo 14 composite casting demonstration, "1971-10-01", archive.org
19720016142 ,Heat transfer and thermal stratification in the Apollo 14 cryogenic oxygen tanks, "1971-05-01", archive.org
19720016152 ,Apollo 14 flight support and system performance, "1971-05-01", archive.org
19720020576 ,Apollo 14 mission circuit breaker anomaly, "1971-12-01", archive.org
19720021168 ,Apollo 14 mission report. Supplement 7, "1972-01-01", archive.org
19720025447 ,Postflight Analysis of the Apollo 14 Cryogenic Oxygen System, "1972-03-01", archive.org
19720026186 ,Apollo 14 mission report. Supplement 8, "1972-07-01", archive.org
19730005346 ,Apollo 14 microbial analyses, "1972-11-01", archive.org
19730005491 ,Apollo 14 and 15 missions, "1972-10-01", archive.org
19730010157 ,The Apollo 14 docking anomaly, "1972-11-01", archive.org
19730019065 ,Heat flow and convection demonstration (Apollo 14), "1973-03-29", archive.org
19730021081 ,Apollo 14 mission report. Supplement 5, "1972-09-01", archive.org
19730021384 ,Stanford bistatic radar experiment (S-170) on Apollos 14, "1973-07-01", archive.org
19730025091 ,Saturn 5 launch vehicle flight evaluation report-AS-509 Apollo 14 mission, "1971-04-01", archive.org
19740072452 ,"Project Apollo data book, "1961-03-14", archive.org
19750011039 ,Apollo 14 visibility tests, "1972-12-18", archive.org
19760006057 ,Apollo/Saturn 5 Postflight Trajectory - SA-513 Skylab 1 Mission. Tracking and Flight Reconstruction, "1973-08-14", archive.org
19760018052 ,Apollo 14 and 16 Active Seismic Experiments, "1976-04-01", archive.org
19760066717 ,Apollo 12 launch 14 November 1969, "1969-11-05", archive.org
19780011077 ,Apollo 14 coarse fines (4-10 mm) sample location and classification, "1977-06-01", archive.org
19780017079 ,Apollo 14 rock samples, "1978-05-01", archive.org
19780017080 ,Lithological maps of selected Apollo 14 Breccia samples, "1978-01-01", archive.org
19790073846 ,"Need for calibration of the lunar model used in the Apollo 14 T plus 24 lighting review", "1971-02-10", archive.org
19940019891 ,"Highland crust at the Apollo 14 site, "1993-05-31, archive.org
19940019893 ,"Major element chemistry of Apollo 14 mare basalt clasts and highland plutonic clasts from lunar breccia 14321, "1993-05-31, archive.org
19940019896 ,"The western highland province at the Apollo 14 site, 1993-05-31, archive.org
19980019865 ,"Composition and Maturity of Apollo 16 Regolith Core 60013/14, 1993-01-01, archive.org
20040050934 ,"Apollo 14 - Press Kit, 1971-01-21, archive.org
20080030260 ,"Derivation of Apollo 14 High-Al Basalts from Distinct Source Regions at Discrete Times, "2006-03-13, archive.org
20100036754 ,"Assessment of Scheduling and Plan Execution of Apollo 14 Lunar Surface Operations, 2010-07-11, archive.org
20110023190 ,"Inhalation Toxicity of Ground Lunar Dust Prepared from Apollo-14 Soil, 2011-01-01, archive.org
20120001832 ,"Derivation of Apollo 14 High-Al Basalts at Discrete Times, "2012-01-01, archive.org
20130013608 ,"First-Time Analysis of Completely Restored DTREM Instrument Data from Apollo 14 and 15, 2013-03-18, archive.org

Good luck, and please keep us posted on your findings!

Offline Graham2001

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Re: Apollo 14 - The Unflown Mission
« Reply #3 on: 09/26/2023 11:14 am »
I think there are two books that cover unflown missions, including Apollo missions. I know I have one of them (from Springer), I might have both. I am interested if anybody has read both and can compare them.

Thanks Blackstar, what are the titles of the two books?

Also thanks to Leovinus for their suggestions, the first three reports in the NASA HQ History divison look to be more what I'm looking for since the vast majority of preserved Apollo 14 material covers the flight that historically took place.

Offline Proponent

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Re: Apollo 14 - The Unflown Mission
« Reply #4 on: 09/26/2023 12:24 pm »
David Shalyer's Apollo: The Lost and Forgotten Missions, published by Springer, devotes a section to what would have occurred on Apollo 13 had that mission proceeded as planned. Aside from noting that it would have been very similar to the actual Apollo 14, it does not have a lot to say about the latter.

I am dying to know, Blackstar, what is the other book?
« Last Edit: 09/26/2023 12:28 pm by Proponent »

Offline Blackstar

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Re: Apollo 14 - The Unflown Mission
« Reply #5 on: 09/26/2023 01:00 pm »
I think there are two books that cover unflown missions, including Apollo missions. I know I have one of them (from Springer), I might have both. I am interested if anybody has read both and can compare them.

Thanks Blackstar, what are the titles of the two books?


Yeah, sorry for leaving you hanging there. I just didn't have the time to look them up. These are the ones I was thinking about. However, I now have this vague sense that there might be another one.

Offline Proponent

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Re: Apollo 14 - The Unflown Mission
« Reply #6 on: 09/26/2023 01:17 pm »
Thanks -- I'd forgotten about Burgess's book.  Very much in contrast to Shayler's, it's mostly about the astronauts themselves.  Aside from discussing how Shepard came back to flight status and easily overcame weak competition from Gordon Cooper for a lunar command, it has little to say about Apollo 14.

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