You kinda left out ARC, Mig and Tig welding, all of which are fine in vacuum. In fact they should work better in space. The only unique equipment you are going to need is a magnetic device to grab slag spall, otherwise you create a lot of space junk issues.
It's not the vacuum so much as it is the lack of gravity to control sputter. And what about non magnetic materials?
like i said, aluminum is definitely non ferrous, i agree about the spatter, welding does create a slight magnetic field. these issues are definitely something we all need to go back and forth with. However, i do intend to do a lot of research here in my spare time, since i am a certified welder, and i love the continued exploration of space. we need to keep going on this so let's work the problem ladies and gentleman. Have a great week