Author Topic: Project Gemini Legacy Video  (Read 1329 times)

Offline catdlr

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Project Gemini Legacy Video
« on: 07/05/2015 10:02 PM »
The Legacy Of Project Gemini - 1967 NASA Educational Documentary

Published on Jul 5, 2015
Gemini was an early NASA human spaceflight program. Ten crews flew missions on the two-man Gemini spacecraft. The Gemini missions were flown in 1965 and 1966, between the Mercury and Apollo programs.

Tony De La Rosa

Offline KEdward5

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Re: Project Gemini Legacy Video
« Reply #1 on: 07/07/2015 03:27 PM »
Great video!

Offline catdlr

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Re: Project Gemini Legacy Video
« Reply #2 on: 12/13/2017 03:37 AM »
Project Gemini Summary: "Legacy of Gemini" ~ 1967 NASA; Spacewalks/EVAs, Rendezvous & Docking..

Jeff Quitney
Published on Dec 12, 2017

Overview of Project Gemini missions and accomplishments.

NASA film HQ-160

Project Gemini was the second human spaceflight program of NASA, the civilian space agency of the United States government. Project Gemini was conducted between projects Mercury and Apollo, with ten manned flights occurring in 1965 and 1966.

Its objective was to develop space travel techniques in support of Apollo, which had the goal of landing men on the Moon. Gemini achieved missions long enough for a trip to the Moon and back, perfected extra-vehicular activity (working outside a spacecraft), and orbital maneuvers necessary to achieve rendezvous and docking. All manned Gemini flights were launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida using the Titan II GLV launch vehicle.

NASA selected McDonnell Aircraft, which had been the prime contractor for the Project Mercury capsule, to build the Gemini capsule in 1961 and the first capsule was delivered in 1963. The spacecraft was 19 feet long and 10 feet wide with a launch weight of 8,490 pounds. The Gemini capsule first flew with a crew on March 23, 1965.

Gemini was the first manned spacecraft to include an onboard computer, the Gemini Guidance Computer, to facilitate management and control of mission maneuvers. Unlike the Mercury, it used ejection seats, in-flight radar and an artificial horizonódevices similar to those used in the aviation industry.

Unlike Mercury, which could only rotate around the axes of pitch, yaw, and roll to change its orientation in space, the Gemini spacecraft was designed also to translate in all three perpendicular axes (forward/backward, left/right, up/down), and also to alter its orbital inclination and altitude. It used these capabilities to dock with the Agena target vehicle, which had its own rocket engine which could be used to perform larger altitude changes.

A major difference between the Gemini and Mercury spacecraft was that Mercury had all systems other than the reentry rockets situated within the capsule, most of which were accessed through the astronaut's hatchway. In contrast, Gemini housed power, propulsion, and life support systems in a detachable Equipment Module located behind the Reentry Module, which made it similar to the Apollo Command/Service Module design. Many components in the capsule itself were reachable through their own small access doors.

The original intention was for Gemini to land on solid ground instead of at sea, using a Rogallo wing rather than a parachute, with the crew seated upright controlling the forward motion of the craft. To facilitate this, the airfoil did not attach just to the nose of the craft, but to an additional attachment point for balance near the heat shield. This cord was covered by a strip of metal which ran between the twin hatches. This design was ultimately dropped, and parachutes were used to make a sea landing as in Project Mercury. The capsule was suspended at an angle closer to horizontal, so that a side of the heat shield contacted the water first. This eliminated the need for the landing bag cushion used in the Mercury capsule.

Early short-duration missions had their electrical power supplied by batteries; later endurance missions used the first fuel cells in manned spacecraft.

There were 2 unmanned Gemini flights in 1964 and 1965, followed by 10 manned flights in 1965 and 1966. All were launched by Titan II launch vehicles.

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Originally a public domain film from NASA, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and one-pass brightness-contrast-color correction & mild video noise reduction applied.
The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original).

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TraCS4tGsOI?t=001

Tony De La Rosa

Offline Steven Pietrobon

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Re: Project Gemini Legacy Video
« Reply #3 on: 12/13/2017 06:16 AM »
NASA History : NASA 1963 PROJECT GEMINI "ALL SYSTEMS GO"

Space Videos
Published on Oct 29, 2017

A 1963 Nasa film looking at the Gemini program.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ml4NzPzzEdc?t=001

Here's the uncropped version in original 4:3 aspect ratio.

Akin's Laws of Spacecraft Design #1:  Engineering is done with numbers.  Analysis without numbers is only an opinion.

Offline catdlr

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Re: Project Gemini Legacy Video
« Reply #4 on: 12/13/2017 06:40 AM »
Thanks, Steven, I deleted my post above, your version is much better.  TonyD.
Tony De La Rosa

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