An electronic balance isn't a terribly smart idea. But as has been said, this is probably a staged demo.

Looks like 3650.3 MHz, 3KHz fm at a 1K rate. But the generators RF out is " off"

Yesterday night i did a new test with the Magnetron moved to the small side (10cm from the small side). I patched the previous hole.I also put a coil around one magnet in hope to change the frequency.I ordered a frequency counter, so i will now exactly what is the frequency produced and the intensity.No pendulum movement was observed. The duration of the test was ~40 sec.In the future tests i will be able to observe any change in frequency by modifying the current in the coilIf this will not change the frequency i will modify the frustum to add a moving plate inside.

Quote from: Iulian Berca on 05/15/2015 07:31 AMYesterday night i did a new test with the Magnetron moved to the small side (10cm from the small side). I patched the previous hole.I also put a coil around one magnet in hope to change the frequency.I ordered a frequency counter, so i will now exactly what is the frequency produced and the intensity.No pendulum movement was observed. The duration of the test was ~40 sec.In the future tests i will be able to observe any change in frequency by modifying the current in the coilIf this will not change the frequency i will modify the frustum to add a moving plate inside.Moving a small internal end plate back and forth was what Shawyer seemed to do to get his cavity into length resonance.As per attached.Would suspect the movable small end plate was very near or at the right end of the cylinder as in the drawing.

Quote from: TheTraveller on 05/15/2015 07:39 AMQuote from: Iulian Berca on 05/15/2015 07:31 AMYesterday night i did a new test with the Magnetron moved to the small side (10cm from the small side). I patched the previous hole.I also put a coil around one magnet in hope to change the frequency.I ordered a frequency counter, so i will now exactly what is the frequency produced and the intensity.No pendulum movement was observed. The duration of the test was ~40 sec.In the future tests i will be able to observe any change in frequency by modifying the current in the coilIf this will not change the frequency i will modify the frustum to add a moving plate inside.Moving a small internal end plate back and forth was what Shawyer seemed to do to get his cavity into length resonance.As per attached.Would suspect the movable small end plate was very near or at the right end of the cylinder as in the drawing.Yes this is the disk i`m refering. I read almos all this thread and first one, and almost all the papers related to em drive from www.emdrive.comI bought this counter,i should receive it in a few days. .I want to know if i can change the magnetron frequency. It`s working up to 2,6Ghz and it also has signal strength indicator, so i can check for leaks.Here you can buy from ebay. http://www.ebay.com/itm/Black-Mini-Frequency-Counter-IBQ101-Handheld-LCD-Display-HoT-Counter-/171299666945?_trksid=p2054897.l4275

So an EM drive is basically a magnetron that shoots out microwaves? Possibly useful since it doesn't need fuel, but I just wonder what kind of power is required. Any expectations yet?I'd like to see how this would eventually compare with the ion drive. That would be it's first competitor.

Quote from: TheTraveller on 05/14/2015 11:13 PMQuote from: frobnicat on 05/14/2015 11:01 PMQuote from: TheTraveller on 05/13/2015 07:29 PMQuote from: Iulian Berca on 05/13/2015 07:07 PMToday i did the first test with the Emdrive (microwave oven magnetron and cooper frustum) The setup (magnetron and frusum) was suspended in a pendulum. I applied power for 40 Seconds with no visible thrust. Tomorrow will will try again with the magnetron on the small side. You have any suggestion for what should be the distance from the small side?After this i will adjust the power to the filament of magnetron and the frequency.To fine adjust the frequency i thought i can put 2 coils over the magnetron magnets to modify the magnetic field.My website;http://www.masinaelectrica.com/emdrive-independent-test/Well done.Nicely rolled cavity walls.Have you tried to calibrate your pendulum test rig by using a small spring scale to see how much force is needed to pull the cavity forward (toward the big end) say 1mm?Doing this will give you some info on how much force you will need to generate to see some movement.Maybe I should feel ashamed to propose the following calculation with all those heavy weight equations flying around, but since nobody is taking a bite at it :a hanging swing pendulum like that has, for small deviations, a linear dependency between force (thrust) F and displacement d F=(m*g/h)*d where h is length of strings and m the mass of test article and g local gravity. As a first guess, with m=2kg (or more like 5kg ?) and h=2m that's in the ballpark of 10mN/mm (milliNewton per millimetre) or 10ľN/ľm. Quite remarkably similar to Eagleworks balance apparent stiffness, making this mechanical setup basically as sensitive (displacement wrt thrust wise). If a linear displacement sensor of ľm resolution were used it could probe into ľN effects, provided proper casing to isolate from drafts and good damping where strings are suspended.Can you confirm : - weight of system 2kg, more ?- height of doorway, or rather length of strings about 2m ?- graduations marks spacing about 1cm ?The graduations marks on the video appear about 1cm apart, there is no obvious swing or displacement at power-on visible above, roughly eyeballing 1mm. That gives an upper order of magnitude bound for a thrust (if any) below 10mN/kW for this blazing fast experiment setup. Kudos, and stay safe.Would suggest 1gf / 10mN would be a really good result from this setup. Based on his published frustum height dimension of 228.6mm, Rf cavity resonance is 1.311GHz or 2.622GHz, which is a bit high for his magnetron. 244.7mm will give resonance at 2.45GHz. Assuming there are no fudge factors to be applied to parallel plate microwave resonance.I think Shawyer is weighing it, which may be a better setup because the results can be easily quantified. 10 mN would affect its weight measurably, and if a balance were used, the accuracy could be very high.Todd D.

Quote from: frobnicat on 05/14/2015 11:01 PMQuote from: TheTraveller on 05/13/2015 07:29 PMQuote from: Iulian Berca on 05/13/2015 07:07 PMToday i did the first test with the Emdrive (microwave oven magnetron and cooper frustum) The setup (magnetron and frusum) was suspended in a pendulum. I applied power for 40 Seconds with no visible thrust. Tomorrow will will try again with the magnetron on the small side. You have any suggestion for what should be the distance from the small side?After this i will adjust the power to the filament of magnetron and the frequency.To fine adjust the frequency i thought i can put 2 coils over the magnetron magnets to modify the magnetic field.My website;http://www.masinaelectrica.com/emdrive-independent-test/Well done.Nicely rolled cavity walls.Have you tried to calibrate your pendulum test rig by using a small spring scale to see how much force is needed to pull the cavity forward (toward the big end) say 1mm?Doing this will give you some info on how much force you will need to generate to see some movement.Maybe I should feel ashamed to propose the following calculation with all those heavy weight equations flying around, but since nobody is taking a bite at it :a hanging swing pendulum like that has, for small deviations, a linear dependency between force (thrust) F and displacement d F=(m*g/h)*d where h is length of strings and m the mass of test article and g local gravity. As a first guess, with m=2kg (or more like 5kg ?) and h=2m that's in the ballpark of 10mN/mm (milliNewton per millimetre) or 10ľN/ľm. Quite remarkably similar to Eagleworks balance apparent stiffness, making this mechanical setup basically as sensitive (displacement wrt thrust wise). If a linear displacement sensor of ľm resolution were used it could probe into ľN effects, provided proper casing to isolate from drafts and good damping where strings are suspended.Can you confirm : - weight of system 2kg, more ?- height of doorway, or rather length of strings about 2m ?- graduations marks spacing about 1cm ?The graduations marks on the video appear about 1cm apart, there is no obvious swing or displacement at power-on visible above, roughly eyeballing 1mm. That gives an upper order of magnitude bound for a thrust (if any) below 10mN/kW for this blazing fast experiment setup. Kudos, and stay safe.Would suggest 1gf / 10mN would be a really good result from this setup. Based on his published frustum height dimension of 228.6mm, Rf cavity resonance is 1.311GHz or 2.622GHz, which is a bit high for his magnetron. 244.7mm will give resonance at 2.45GHz. Assuming there are no fudge factors to be applied to parallel plate microwave resonance.

Quote from: TheTraveller on 05/13/2015 07:29 PMQuote from: Iulian Berca on 05/13/2015 07:07 PMToday i did the first test with the Emdrive (microwave oven magnetron and cooper frustum) The setup (magnetron and frusum) was suspended in a pendulum. I applied power for 40 Seconds with no visible thrust. Tomorrow will will try again with the magnetron on the small side. You have any suggestion for what should be the distance from the small side?After this i will adjust the power to the filament of magnetron and the frequency.To fine adjust the frequency i thought i can put 2 coils over the magnetron magnets to modify the magnetic field.My website;http://www.masinaelectrica.com/emdrive-independent-test/Well done.Nicely rolled cavity walls.Have you tried to calibrate your pendulum test rig by using a small spring scale to see how much force is needed to pull the cavity forward (toward the big end) say 1mm?Doing this will give you some info on how much force you will need to generate to see some movement.Maybe I should feel ashamed to propose the following calculation with all those heavy weight equations flying around, but since nobody is taking a bite at it :a hanging swing pendulum like that has, for small deviations, a linear dependency between force (thrust) F and displacement d F=(m*g/h)*d where h is length of strings and m the mass of test article and g local gravity. As a first guess, with m=2kg (or more like 5kg ?) and h=2m that's in the ballpark of 10mN/mm (milliNewton per millimetre) or 10ľN/ľm. Quite remarkably similar to Eagleworks balance apparent stiffness, making this mechanical setup basically as sensitive (displacement wrt thrust wise). If a linear displacement sensor of ľm resolution were used it could probe into ľN effects, provided proper casing to isolate from drafts and good damping where strings are suspended.Can you confirm : - weight of system 2kg, more ?- height of doorway, or rather length of strings about 2m ?- graduations marks spacing about 1cm ?The graduations marks on the video appear about 1cm apart, there is no obvious swing or displacement at power-on visible above, roughly eyeballing 1mm. That gives an upper order of magnitude bound for a thrust (if any) below 10mN/kW for this blazing fast experiment setup. Kudos, and stay safe.

Quote from: Iulian Berca on 05/13/2015 07:07 PMToday i did the first test with the Emdrive (microwave oven magnetron and cooper frustum) The setup (magnetron and frusum) was suspended in a pendulum. I applied power for 40 Seconds with no visible thrust. Tomorrow will will try again with the magnetron on the small side. You have any suggestion for what should be the distance from the small side?After this i will adjust the power to the filament of magnetron and the frequency.To fine adjust the frequency i thought i can put 2 coils over the magnetron magnets to modify the magnetic field.My website;http://www.masinaelectrica.com/emdrive-independent-test/Well done.Nicely rolled cavity walls.Have you tried to calibrate your pendulum test rig by using a small spring scale to see how much force is needed to pull the cavity forward (toward the big end) say 1mm?Doing this will give you some info on how much force you will need to generate to see some movement.

Today i did the first test with the Emdrive (microwave oven magnetron and cooper frustum) The setup (magnetron and frusum) was suspended in a pendulum. I applied power for 40 Seconds with no visible thrust. Tomorrow will will try again with the magnetron on the small side. You have any suggestion for what should be the distance from the small side?After this i will adjust the power to the filament of magnetron and the frequency.To fine adjust the frequency i thought i can put 2 coils over the magnetron magnets to modify the magnetic field.My website;http://www.masinaelectrica.com/emdrive-independent-test/

Quote from: TheTraveller on 05/14/2015 11:55 AMHave modified my Shawyer Df calculator and best Df scanner as per the derived Shawyer Df equation, using cutoff wavelength and guide wavelength as per microwave industry supplied equations. I assume Shawyer did not supply these equations in his papers as they are equations that should be known to microwave industry individuals skilled in the art. Anyway they are now in the public record.The scanner still sweeps the frequency range 0Hz to 10GHz but reports the frequency that generates a Df as close to 1 as possible but not over.The attached results are very interesting as the frequency needed to get the Df to just below 1 is very close to the Rf driving frequency used to generate Lambda0 or free wavelength in the selected medium.While I'm still testing the spreadsheet, which meets both of Shawyers boundary conditions, the results for my Flight Thruster design are looking to be very close to what I could build. Bit of dimension tweaking should get the Df 1 frequency to the 3.85GHz Shawyer used.Will post the spreadsheet after a bit more testing.This is a picture for the FLIGHT THRUSTER case bD=0.2440 m ;sD=0.1450 m ;cMedium=299705000 m/s (Air)which has a cut-off frequency associated with the small diameter of 1.21136 GHzNotice that there is a singularity at 1.21136 GHz such that Shawyer's Design Factor doesn't have a Real value for frequencies below it. Also notice the rise and steepening of the Design Factor curve as the cut-off frequency is approached.QUESTION: If Shawyer thinks that his Design Factor steepening behavior near the cut-off frequency associated with the small diameter is correct, why didn't he test his Flight Thruster at a lower frequency, closer to 1.2 GHz instead of the higher frequency he chose of 3.782 GHz? Doesn't Shawyer want to maximize thrust force ?

Have modified my Shawyer Df calculator and best Df scanner as per the derived Shawyer Df equation, using cutoff wavelength and guide wavelength as per microwave industry supplied equations. I assume Shawyer did not supply these equations in his papers as they are equations that should be known to microwave industry individuals skilled in the art. Anyway they are now in the public record.The scanner still sweeps the frequency range 0Hz to 10GHz but reports the frequency that generates a Df as close to 1 as possible but not over.The attached results are very interesting as the frequency needed to get the Df to just below 1 is very close to the Rf driving frequency used to generate Lambda0 or free wavelength in the selected medium.While I'm still testing the spreadsheet, which meets both of Shawyers boundary conditions, the results for my Flight Thruster design are looking to be very close to what I could build. Bit of dimension tweaking should get the Df 1 frequency to the 3.85GHz Shawyer used.Will post the spreadsheet after a bit more testing.

Quote from: WarpTech on 05/15/2015 01:53 AMQuote from: TheTraveller on 05/14/2015 11:13 PMQuote from: frobnicat on 05/14/2015 11:01 PM... linear dependency between force (thrust) F and displacement d F=(m*g/h)*d where h is length of strings and m the mass of test article and g local gravity. ....Would suggest 1gf / 10mN would be a really good result from this setup. Based on his published frustum height dimension of 228.6mm, Rf cavity resonance is 1.311GHz or 2.622GHz, which is a bit high for his magnetron. 244.7mm will give resonance at 2.45GHz. Assuming there are no fudge factors to be applied to parallel plate microwave resonance.I think Shawyer is weighing it, which may be a better setup because the results can be easily quantified. 10 mN would affect its weight measurably, and if a balance were used, the accuracy could be very high.Todd D.The weight of my setup is 5.9Kg and the height is 1.9 meters.

Quote from: TheTraveller on 05/14/2015 11:13 PMQuote from: frobnicat on 05/14/2015 11:01 PM... linear dependency between force (thrust) F and displacement d F=(m*g/h)*d where h is length of strings and m the mass of test article and g local gravity. ....Would suggest 1gf / 10mN would be a really good result from this setup. Based on his published frustum height dimension of 228.6mm, Rf cavity resonance is 1.311GHz or 2.622GHz, which is a bit high for his magnetron. 244.7mm will give resonance at 2.45GHz. Assuming there are no fudge factors to be applied to parallel plate microwave resonance.I think Shawyer is weighing it, which may be a better setup because the results can be easily quantified. 10 mN would affect its weight measurably, and if a balance were used, the accuracy could be very high.Todd D.

Quote from: frobnicat on 05/14/2015 11:01 PM... linear dependency between force (thrust) F and displacement d F=(m*g/h)*d where h is length of strings and m the mass of test article and g local gravity. ....Would suggest 1gf / 10mN would be a really good result from this setup. Based on his published frustum height dimension of 228.6mm, Rf cavity resonance is 1.311GHz or 2.622GHz, which is a bit high for his magnetron. 244.7mm will give resonance at 2.45GHz. Assuming there are no fudge factors to be applied to parallel plate microwave resonance.

... linear dependency between force (thrust) F and displacement d F=(m*g/h)*d where h is length of strings and m the mass of test article and g local gravity. ....

The power cord setup is far from ideal, maybe you could lead it along one of the suspending wire, starting from the top fixation points, with as thin/supple as possible wires. Also it should be possible to record displacements down to 1/10mm (3mN = .3gf) with a thin needle flying close above millimetre graph paper and filming closer, in macro mode or through magnifying lens ?

The Design Factor has little dependence on frequency, except near the cut-off frequency. The Design Factor of Shawyer asymptotically approaches this value for high frequencies (it becomes practically independent of frequency)

Quote from: Rodal on 05/15/2015 12:21 PMThe Design Factor has little dependence on frequency, except near the cut-off frequency. The Design Factor of Shawyer asymptotically approaches this value for high frequencies (it becomes practically independent of frequency)Do people in this thread even realize that this would boil down to a contradiction with radiation pressure measurements dating back over 100 years?

I have analysed the case of the frustum and the results appear to be striking. One must admit that geometry comes to rescue not just general relativity. For this particular geometry the cavity can be made susceptible to gravitational effects if your choice of the two radii of the cavity is smart enough. This is something to be confirmed yet, just my theoretical result, but shocking anyway.

Quote from: StrongGR on 05/14/2015 06:00 PMI have analysed the case of the frustum and the results appear to be striking. One must admit that geometry comes to rescue not just general relativity. For this particular geometry the cavity can be made susceptible to gravitational effects if your choice of the two radii of the cavity is smart enough. This is something to be confirmed yet, just my theoretical result, but shocking anyway.I have read the draft and although I can't vouch for the maths (my skills are way below what is required - as soon as tensors are involved I have to give up) the concepts do make sense to me. This is most definitely interesting and it would be a great result if we could measure this gravitational effect with an interferometer setup.I have a question: if there is a gravitational effect in the cavity, how is this effect distributed? Is it symmetric? And what is the entity of it, quantitatively?I am reasoning that if there is an asymmetry in the gravitational effect and the cavity is filled with a perfect gas (or even just air), then in principle there will be a pressure gradient within the cavity causing a (very small?) average density gradient.In absence of an external gravity field, this is irrelevant. And certainly it would not generate any thrust on its own...However, if this density gradient is immersed in a gravity field (like Earth's) the apparatus will weigh more on one side than the other. This will generate a (very very small?) torque trying to twist the apparatus until the gradient aligns with the gravity field.Could this torque create a displacement affecting the experiment in a way that can be confused with thrust? Could the experiment be susceptible to this particular condition? (I'm thinking that that pendulum-suspended EmDrive looks like it would be affected by differences in the weight distribution of the device)One more reason to perform experiments in a vacuum, I guess...

QUESTION: If Shawyer thinks that his Design Factor steepening behavior near the cut-off frequency associated with the small diameter is correct, why didn't he test his Flight Thruster at a lower frequency, closer to 1.2 GHz instead of the higher frequency he chose of 3.782 GHz? Doesn't Shawyer want to maximize thrust force ?

3D Plot of Shawyer's Design Factor vs. frequency and vs. small diameter; for same big diameter as Flight Thruster, but with the small diameter ranging from zero to same size as big diameter.Remember: according to Shawyer the Design Factor multiplies the Power Input and the Q. The higher the Design Factor, the higher the thrust of the EM Drive, the smaller the Design Factor, the smaller the thrust.Observe that at high frequency, the Design Factor changes almost linearly with small diameter, such that the Design Factor goes to zero as the small diameter approaches the big diameter.The Design Factor approaches 1 for the small diameter approaching zero.As the small diameter approaches zero, the cut-off frequency clips the Design Factor, such that to be able to have a smaller small diameter one has to operate at higher frequency (in order to avoid cut-off).A very nice feature of Shawyer's Design Factor (as opposed to McCulloch's formula) is that Shawyer's Design Factor incorporates the cut-off frequency and hence it prevents consideration of a pointy cone, as the cut-off prevents too small of a small diameter to be considered.The highest value of the Design Factor is reached at frequencies just a little over the cut-off frequency for the small end:Cut-Off frequency for small end= cM/(cst*sD) wheresD= small end diameter (m)cst=1.7062895542683174cM = light speed in selected medium (m/s) = 299705000 (m/s) (speed of light in air) = 299792458 (m/s) (speed of light in vacuum) The Design Factor has little dependence on frequency, except near the cut-off frequency. The Design Factor of Shawyer asymptotically approaches this value for high frequencies (it becomes practically independent of frequency)Limit[DesignFactor, f -> Infinity] = (bD^2 - sD^2)/(bD^2 + sD^2)wherebD = big end diameter (m)sD= small end diameter (m)Whether Shawyer's Design Factor is correct, remains to be proven. For example, Shawyer's Design Factor predicts that the smaller the small diameter the better (hence larger cone angles, for constant frustum length), in contrast with Todd's conjecture that the highest attenuation the better (which leads to small cone angles ~7.5 degrees as the optimal design).Reference: formula for Design Factor here: http://forum.nasaspaceflight.com/index.php?topic=36313.msg1374110#msg1374110designFactor = (bD^2 - sD^2)/( (bD^2)*Sqrt[1 - (cM/(bD*cst*f))^2] + (sD ^2)*Sqrt[1 - (cM/(cst*f*sD))^2] )bD = big end diameter (m)sD= small end diameter (m)f = applied frequency (Hz)cst=1.7062895542683174cM = light speed in selected medium (m/s) = 299705000 (m/s) (speed of light in air) = 299792458 (m/s) (speed of light in vacuum)

The main result of the paper is that the gravitational effects are proportional to the energy density of the electromagnetic field inside the cavity (roughly speaking). This means that the electromagnetic field inside the cavity determines the way the gravitational field is distributed. A change could be due to the proportionality factor L(x). Of course, there could be an effect due to the Earth gravitational field but I did not estimate it yet.