Author Topic: Soyuz-2-1A - Bars-M #1 - Plesetsk - February 27, 2015 (11:01 UTC)  (Read 39984 times)

Online Phillip Clark

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William Graham's extensive article for this launch!
http://www.nasaspaceflight.com/2015/02/soyuz-2-1a-launch-bars-m/

--

From what I have read, the new Bars satellite series is intended to be a topographic and mapping satellite, intended to replace the Yantar-1KFT/Kometa, but I do not know much about the satellite beyond that.   Since it will be launched using a Soyuz-2 variant one assumes that Bars will be of a similar mass to Kometa - possibly a bit heavier.

Do we know whether Bars will be a film-return satellite or will it be an electro-optical satellite like Resurs-DK or Resurs-P?   Have any artistic renderings been made available for Bars?   Will it be going to a Sun-synchonous orbit, do we know?

Of course, everything might be "secret" apart from a few very basic details!
« Last Edit: 02/27/2015 10:10 AM by Galactic Penguin SST »

Online russianhalo117

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Re: The first Bars satellite in 2014
« Reply #1 on: 06/22/2013 12:20 AM »
From what I have read, the new Bars satellite series is intended to be a topographic and mapping satellite, intended to replace the Yantar-1KFT/Kometa, but I do not know much about the satellite beyond that.   Since it will be launched using a Soyuz-2 variant one assumes that Bars will be of a similar mass to Kometa - possibly a bit heavier.

Do we know whether Bars will be a film-return satellite or will it be an electro-optical satellite like Resurs-DK or Resurs-P?   Have any artistic renderings been made available for Bars?   Will it be going to a Sun-synchonous orbit, do we know?

Of course, everything might be "secret" apart from a few very basic details!
It is my complete understanding that MoD of Russia ordered the flyout of all existing film spacecraft followed by order switching all programs to electro-optical spacecraft to increase the SC's lifespans. I think that I recall the switch is to be complete before/by early 2015 at the latest.

Online Phillip Clark

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Re: The first Bars satellite in 2014
« Reply #2 on: 06/22/2013 01:10 AM »
Thank you, Russianhalo.   At the moment the only Russian film-return photoreconnaissance satellite to be flying is Yantar-4K2M/Kobolt-M: there reportedly only two further flights scheduled - one later this year and then the final one next year.   This is why I wondered whether Bars would be electro-optical.   I would assume that it will be a derivative of the Yantar-4KS1M/Neman platform which has flown as Resurs-DK and next week as the first Resurs-P.
« Last Edit: 06/22/2013 10:28 AM by Phillip Clark »

Offline Stan Black

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« Last Edit: 06/22/2013 07:01 AM by Stan Black »

Offline Stan Black

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Re: The first Bars satellite in 2014
« Reply #4 on: 06/23/2013 04:47 PM »
This Bars has a long history…

One component was designed in 1989.
http://bd.patent.su/2390000-2390999/pat/servl/servletd322.html

Work was suspended on Bars in 2005. «Пеленг» were working on «Яшма-М».
http://www.sudact.ru/arbitral/doc/uBBfE90yzUdw/

For «Барс-М» its instrument «Карат» comes from ЛОМО.
http://www.lomo.ru/site/about/qreport3-11.rtf

On this presentation there is only Bars-M, but it says Roskosmos?
http://www.cpnt.ru/userfiles/G_M_Polishuk.pdf

The GRAU for Bars is 17Ф112, which comes in sequence before 17Ф113 Orlets-2 long since retired. It looks like the Bars being prepared will have a GRAU starting with 14Ф, its overall being 14К035?
http://forum.nasaspaceflight.com/index.php?topic=24942.msg1066111#msg1066111

Is it possible that this first Bars will have been under construction for ten years? It is worth noting that the last two Dons to fly had serial numbers from 1993, making Kosmos-2399 ten years old and Kosmos-2423 thirteen!

Bars-M is on hold.
http://www.izvestia.ru/news/542883

So Bars and Bars-M are something different? Bars-M is for Roskosmos? Reconstruction is required at «ЦСКБ-Прогресс» before its manufacture.
http://www.samspace.ru/zakupki/3313/
http://www.vkonline.ru/news/123511/20110818/cskbprogress-moderniziruet-proizvodstvo-pod-kosmicheskij-kompleks-barsm.html
« Last Edit: 07/04/2013 07:44 PM by Stan Black »

Offline B. Hendrickx

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Re: The first Bars satellite in 2014
« Reply #5 on: 06/25/2013 07:44 AM »
This Bars has a long history…
.....
Is it possible that this first Bars will have been under construction for ten years?

Bars is mentioned in passing in the third volume of the history of the Military Space Forces (Voenno-kosmicheskiye sily, kniga 3, published in 2001), which covers the period 1992-1997. It is listed together with a series of rockets, upper stages and satellites (Proton-M, Angara, Tsirkon-2, Parus-M, Garpun, Lotos, Taifun, Pion, Briz, Fregat) for which the TsNII-50 military research institute worked out "tactical-technical requirements". The narrative would suggest this was in 1993, although this is not entirely clear. Anyway, it does look like the Bars proposal has been around for quite a while.

Offline Stan Black

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Re: The first Bars satellite in 2014
« Reply #6 on: 07/04/2013 08:47 PM »
14Ф148 is Bars-M?

Quote
Разработка методики апостериорной оценки лперативности решения задач картографирования изделием 14Ф148 на соответствие требованиям ТТЗ в ходе ЛКИ
http://www.samspace.ru/zakupki/plany_zakupok/

ЛКИ - летно-конструкторские испытания
ТТЗ - тактико-технического задания

17Ф112 was Bars, and abandoned in 2005?

 
« Last Edit: 04/25/2014 01:34 PM by Stan Black »

Offline Stan Black

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Re: The first Bars satellite in 2014
« Reply #7 on: 04/25/2014 02:43 PM »
Entire system is covered under index 14К035, Bars-M satellite component is 14Ф148.

Primary instrument is ОЭК «Карат» (optical-electronic complex Karat), manufactured by Leningrad Optical Mechanical Association (LOMO).

Launch vehicle is Soyuz-2 variant 1A.

Six Bars-M are in various stages of preparation; with the factory able to support the construction of two.

Lifespan is 5 years minimum.

Bars-M has three sections:-
 - модуля целевой аппаратуры (МЦА);
 - модуля служебных систем (МСС);
 - системы подачи импульсов тяг (СВИТ).

Other components include: ОСД 14М234, БОКЗ-М60, БИУС-М 14М243, ФПЗС «Круиз-6».

БИУС - блок измерителей угловой скорости
angular velocity gauge
ОСД - оптический солнечный датчик
optical Sun sensor
ОЭК - оптико-электронный комплекс
optical-electronic complex
ФПЗС - фоточувствительный прибор с зарядовой связью
photosensitive charge couple device

http://www.samspace.ru/zakupki/plany_zakupok/
http://www.freepatent.ru/images/patents/4/2454679/patent-2454679.pdf
http://www.zakupki.gov.ru/pgz/public/action/orders/info/order_document_list_info/show?notificationId=1380404

 
« Last Edit: 04/25/2014 03:05 PM by Stan Black »

Online Phillip Clark

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Re: The first Bars satellite in 2014
« Reply #8 on: 04/25/2014 04:46 PM »
Thank you for the new information, Stan.

To date i have not seen any indication of what Bars-M will look like.   I am assuming something along the lines of Yantar-4KS1M - Resurs-DK - Resurs-P but with different instrumentation.

Offline Stan Black

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Re: The first Bars satellite in 2014
« Reply #9 on: 04/25/2014 06:22 PM »
Quote
Пресс-релиз от 15 мая 2012 года15 мая 2012
Завершен первый этап огневых испытаний разработанной «ЦСКБ-Прогресс» двигательной установки (системы выдачи импульсов тяг) для малых спутников.
Система выдачи импульсов тяг (СВИТ) является перспективной двигательной установкой и предназначена для осуществления орбитальных маневров космического аппарата, его ориентации и стабилизации.
СВИТ разработана и изготовлена специалистами «ЦСКБ-Прогресс» на основе блока баков и арматуры собственного изготовления с использованием жидкостных ракетных двигателей разработки НИИ машиностроения и КБхиммаш. Для «ЦСКБ-Прогресс» это первый опыт создания двигательной установки для малых массогабаритных космических аппаратов.
Испытания прошли на испытательной базе КБхиммаш им. А.М. Исаева. Второй этап огневых испытаний СВИТ пройдет в сентябре текущего года, после чего планируется проведение её летных испытаний в составе малого космического аппарата дистанционного зондирования Земли разработки «ЦСКБ-Прогресс».
http://www.samspace.ru/news/press_relizy/467/

Offline Stan Black

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Re: The first Bars satellite in 2014
« Reply #10 on: 04/26/2014 06:18 AM »
Thank you for the new information, Stan.

To date i have not seen any indication of what Bars-M will look like.   I am assuming something along the lines of Yantar-4KS1M - Resurs-DK - Resurs-P but with different instrumentation.

Quote
КК «Барс-М» состоит из:
Space system “Bars-M” consists of:-
- модуля целевой аппаратуры (МЦА);
- module with imaging system (MTsA);
- модуля служебных систем (МСС);
- module with support systems (MSS);
- системы подачи импульсов тяг (СВИТ).
- thruster system (SVIT).
МЦА представляет собой конструктивно и функционально обособленный модуль, включающий в себя полный набор аппаратуры, составляющей бортовой специальный комплекс (БСК) и предназначенный для решения целевой задачи.
MTsA is a structurally and functionally separate module, which includes a full set of equipment, component board special complex (BSK) and is designed for resolving the target.
В состав МЦА входит оптико-электронный комплекс «Карат» (ОЭК «Карат»), который включает в себя размерно-стабильную несущую платформу (РСНКП), служащую для установки 2-х объективов, 2-х лазерных излучателей, системы контроля визирных объективов, зеркальных отражателей и других элементов и систем.
The composition of MTsA includes opto-electronic complex “Karat” (OEK “Karat”), which includes dimensionally stable carrier platform (RSNKP), used to mount 2× cameras, 2× LASER emitters, devices to focus lenses and other elements and systems.
МСС представляет собой негерметичный отсек, собранный из алюминиевых сотовых панелей. Сотовые панели образуют конструкцию в виде решетки, на сторонах которой размещается бортовая аппаратура, а внутренняя полость отведена для размещения СВИТ.
MCC is an unpressurised compartment, assembled from aluminium honeycomb panels. Honeycomb panels form a lattice structure, to which is located on its sides the on board equipment and the internal cavity is used to accommodate the SVIT.
К торцевой поверхности приборных сотопанелей по всем плоскостям стабилизации крепятся 4 панели радиатора охладителя (РО).
Over the outer surface of each of the instrument honeycombs are mounted fixed 4 panel coolant radiators (PO).
Для обеспечения теплового режима КК поверхности МСС, кроме поверхностей РО, покрываются матами экранно-вакуумной теплоизоляции (ЭВТИ).
For the thermal control of spacecraft surface MCC, except RO, surfaces are covered with blankets for thermal vacuum insulation (EVTI).
СВИТ состоит из:
SVIT consists of:-
• корректирующе-тормозного двигателя (КТД), предназначенного для создания импульсов реактивной тяги, обеспечивающих изменения скорости центра масс изделия при маневрах;
• The correction motor (KTD), designed to create a pulse jet propulsion, providing speed change at the centre of mass for maneuvers;
• 12-ти двигателей для создания импульсов реактивных тяг на расстояниях от центра масс изделия, обеспечивающих ориентацию и стабилизацию изделия относительно центра масс;
• 12 thrusters at distances from the centre of mass of the product, providing orientation and stabilisation of the products with respect to the centre of mass;
• системы хранения и подачи компонентов топлива к двигателям – 2 бака окислителя, 2 бака горючего с датчиками контроля остатков компонентов топлива;
• storage and supply of propellant to the engine components: 2 oxidiser tanks, 2 fuel tanks with sensors to measure fuel levels;
• датчиковой аппаратуры для выдачи информации в систему управления и систему телеметрического контроля;
• sensor equipment to provide information to the control system and telemetry system;
• кабельной сети с платами электрических соединителей для подключения изделия к бортовому комплексу управления;
• cable network boards of electrical connectors for connecting the product to the on-board control;
• трубопроводов.
• pipelines.
Элементы и сборки СВИТ располагаются на изделии в виде конструктивных блоков.
Elements and aggregates of SVIT mounted in the form of building blocks.
http://www.zakupki.gov.ru/epz/order/notice/ok44/view/documents.html?regNumber=0542100000314000001


Offline Stan Black

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Re: The first Bars satellite in 2014
« Reply #12 on: 05/10/2014 08:13 AM »
Found several versions of this, not sure what is the best link.
Quote
В космическом аппарате системы 14К035 в состав топлива входит пятьдесят килограммов гептила.
14К035 is the index that covers the entire Bars-M system. Before any new satellite is launched there is an Environment impact assessment. Part of that it was noted that the 14К035 will carry 50 kilogrammes of heptyl, a toxic propellant.
 
« Last Edit: 05/11/2014 07:22 AM by Stan Black »

Offline Stan Black

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Re: The first Bars satellite in 2014
« Reply #13 on: 12/08/2014 06:41 PM »
According to http://ria.ru/space/20141208/1037157935.html the next Dnepr-1 launch with Korea's KOMPSAT-3A will launch on January 22. The 1st launches from Plesetsk of 2015 will be of the 2nd Soyuz-2.1v on February 1 and then a Soyuz-2.1a on February 21 (time to start the payload guessing game I guess  ;)).

Tender from RKTs-Progress preparing for launch of Bars-M.

Quote
1. Проведение отработки входного числового массива CHMVXD для расчета бортового полетного задания PH 14А14 этапа 1а с изделием 14Ф148
Сроки выполнения работ (начало-окончание) 01.11.2013-31.01.2014
Цена этапа (тыс. рублей) 2 579,018
2 Анализ устойчивости и управляемости PH 14А14 этапа 1а с изделием 14Ф148
Сроки выполнения работ (начало-окончание) 01.11.2013-28.02.2014
Цена этапа (тыс. рублей) 1 385,029
3. Проведение расчетов точностных характеристик выведения, вариаций времен выдачи команд и параметров траектории PH 14А14 этапа 1а с изделием 14Ф148
Сроки выполнения работ (начало-окончание) 08.01.2014-30.04.2014
Цена этапа (тыс. рублей) 1 540,163
4. Проведение работ по проверке выполнения СУ задачи пуска PH 14А14 этапа 1а с изделием 14Ф148 с рассчитанными ПЗ на отработочных позициях НПОА
Сроки выполнения работ (начало-окончание) 08.01-2014-30.04.2014
Цена этапа (тыс. рублей) 5 035,375
http://www.zakupki.gov.ru/223/purchase/public/purchase/info/common-info.html?noticeId=1742084
« Last Edit: 12/08/2014 06:50 PM by Stan Black »

Offline Stan Black

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Re: The first Bars satellite in 2014
« Reply #14 on: 01/02/2015 02:46 PM »
February 21 - 'Kosmos' - Soyuz-2-1A - Plesetsk, 43/4

I have confirmation that this Kosmos is first Bars.

Offline Stan Black

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http://www.zakupki.gov.ru/epz/order/notice/ok44/view/documents.html?regNumber=0542100000314000001

Going over those documents again I came across:-

Quote
Габаритные размеры КК «Барс-М» - 4000х2300х2300мм, масса - 4000 кг.
Госзаказом предусмотрено выпуск 2-× изделий в год.

Also I think this is being prepared under contract №К-33-02-07 from 12th October 2007.

Online Phillip Clark

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My first thought is that mass of 4,000 kg appears to be very light.   I would have expected something closer to ~6,000 kg for a satellite based upon the Yantar-4KS1(M) design.

Offline Stan Black

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My first thought is that mass of 4,000 kg appears to be very light.   I would have expected something closer to ~6,000 kg for a satellite based upon the Yantar-4KS1(M) design.

This is based on the SVIT platform not Yantar. The tender is for reconstruction of the factory, so is that the dry mass?

Online Phillip Clark

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Thank you for the clarification Stan.   Do you have a link for any details of the SVIT platform please?   Presumably SVIT is an acronym?

Offline Stan Black

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Thank you for the clarification Stan.   Do you have a link for any details of the SVIT platform please?   Presumably SVIT is an acronym?

Still trying to get my head around this. СВИТ is from Isayev. So is it technically just the propulsion system? Couple of references can be found in this thread.

Also Isayev have been contracted to manufacture a mockup.
http://forum.nasaspaceflight.com/index.php?topic=24942.msg1301307#msg1301307

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