Author Topic: Science Experiments in the ISS  (Read 182392 times)

Offline eeergo

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RE: Science Experiments in the ISS
« Reply #40 on: 04/18/2008 04:02 PM »
I've compiled a list of So-Yeon's experiments during her stay aboard ISS:

 

  • KAP01/Growth &mutation of plant seeds (monitoring,  photography, filling out questionnaire),
  • KAP02/Identification of fruit fly genes responsive to gravity and responsible  for aging (monitoring, video recording,  later stowing),
  • KAP03/Development of Bioreactor for use       on the ISS,
  • KAP04/SFP medical monitoring (taking four measurements of ocular pressure  during the day);
  • KAP05/Study of SFP facial changes using a Moiré screen (preparation, experiment ops session 1),
  • KAP06/Study of the possibility of using traditional Korean food in onboard food rations (testing during crew Dinner  time  at ~3:50pm EDT),
  • KAP07/Growth of Zeolite crystals, super crystals, and crystal layers in  microgravity (equipment transfer, assembly,  setup in SM),
  • KAP08/Synthesis of metal-organic porous materials in microgravity (hardware transfer, assembly and setup, installation of first sample, oven  activation, and temperature check), and
  • KAP09/High-resolution telescope (ELT) and study of micro-electro-mechanical  system (MEMS) for next generation telescopes (mounting  equipment at SM window 9, activation, video recording, filling out questionnaire).]
  • KAP13/Measurements using the South-Korean developed SMMS (Small Mass  Measurement System, later termination & cleanup),
  • KAP15/Recording scenes of daily life &  activities of the SFP, using Samsung Gx-10 and Samsung NV11 cameras.
  • KAP06/Study of the possibility of using traditional Korean food in onboard food rations (testing during crew Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner, with video coverage),
  • KAP07/Growth of Zeolite crystals, super crystals,       and crystal layers in microgravity (equipment transfer, assembly, setup in SM, removing samples A,B,C from oven & replacing with D,E,F; five temperature checks),
  • KAP08/Synthesis of metal-organic porous       materials in microgravity (hardware transfer, assembly and setup, installation of first sample, oven activation, and temperature check, sample retrieval & new setup in oven),
  • KAP09/High-resolution telescope (ELT) and study of micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) for next generation telescopes (re-mounting equipment       at SM window 9, activation, video recording, filling out questionnaire),
  • KAP10/Earth observations;
  • KAP11/Noise level reduction onboard the ISS RS (prep & setup, taking noise measurements and imagery at various locations, tearing down hardware & preparing kit for return).
  • KAP12 Study of molecular memory device       characteristics in space habitation environment (preparation, first test);
  • KAP13/Measurements using the South-Korean developed SMMS (Small Mass Measurement System, calibration, measurements, later termination & cleanup),
  • KAP14/Educational experiment (three demos: “Space       Pen”, “Newton’s       Laws”, Momentum, Acceleration & Gravitation”)/Educational experiment; (demo of Surface       Tension in zero-G),
  • KAP15/Recording       scenes of daily life & activities of the SFP, using Samsung Gx-10 and       Samsung NV11 cameras.

And some of the experiment samples to be brought back to Earth inside the Soyuz capsule:

"Yuri Malenchenko will wrap up Russian biotech  payloads for return on TMA-11  [specifically BTKh-12 (BIOEKOLOGIYA), BTKh-8  (BIOTREK), BTKh-31 (ANTIGEN)  and BTKh-29 (GINSENG).]"

    -DaviD-

    Offline eeergo

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    RE: Science Experiments in the ISS
    « Reply #41 on: 04/20/2008 08:59 PM »

    Here's a nice roundup of the objectives of the newly expanded NUTRITION experiment:

    Garrett performed self-phlebotomy, i.e., drew his blood samples (from an arm vein) which were first allowed to coagulate in the Repository, then spun in the HRF2 RC (Human Research Facility 2/Refrigerated Centrifuge) and finally placed in MELFI (Minus-Eighty Laboratory Freezer for ISS). The RC was later powered off after a temperature reset to limit wear on the compressor, and cleaned. Background: NUTRITION is the most comprehensive in-flight study done by NASA to date of human physiologic changes during long-duration space flight; this includes measures of bone metabolism, oxidative damage, nutritional assessments, and hormonal changes. The Clinical Nutritional Assessment profile currently required on all U.S. Astronauts collects blood and urine samples preflight and postflight. NUTRITION expands this protocol by also capturing in-flight samples and an additional postflight sample. Furthermore, additional measurements are included for samples from all sessions, including additional markers of bone metabolism, vitamin status, and hormone and oxidative stressor tests. The results will be used to better understand the impact of countermeasures (exercise and pharmaceuticals) on nutritional status and nutrient requirements. The Clinical Nutritional Assessment profile (MR016L), first started on two Mir crewmembers and then on all ISS US crews, nominally consists of two pre-flight and one post-flight analysis of nutritional status, as well as an in-flight assessment of dietary intake using the FFQ (Food Frequency Questionnaire). The current NUTRITION project has expanded MR016L testing in three ways: Addition of in-flight blood & urine collection (made possible by MELFI), normative markers of nutritional assessment, and a return session plus 30-day (R+30) session to allow evaluation of post-flight nutrition and implications for rehabilitation.

    And, this week's Science Update, with new experiments from this increment appearing:

    ------------------------------------------------ 

    Weekly Science Update (Expedition Sixteen -- Week 26)

                 

    ALTCRISS (Alteino Long Term monitoring of Cosmic Rays on the ISS): Completed. Instrument was relocated to FGB for Inc17 measurements (as Russian experiment) and ALTCRISS was re-activated on 4/8. Increment 16 passive dosimeters and memory cards were returned on 15S.

                 

    ANITA:   Completed.

                 

    BCAT-3 (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test 3):   Reserve.

                 

    CARDIOCOG-2:   Completed.

                 

    CCISS (Cardiovascular & Cerebrovascular Control on Return from ISS):    Reserve.

                 

    CFE (Capillary Flow Experiment):    Reserve.

                 

    CW/CR (Cell Wall/Resist Wall) in EMCS (European Modular Cultivation System):    In progress.

                 

    CSI-2/CGBA (CGBA Science Insert #2/Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus):    In progress.

                 

    CGBA-2 (Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus 2):  Complete.

                 

    CSLM-2 (Coarsening in Solid-Liquid Mixtures 2): The CSLM-2 SPU #4 completed the vacuum vent cycles, and started the sample 10-hour heat soak, at the end of 10 hours the quench was successfully completed. The SPU #4 temperature data was reviewed and preliminary results show a nominal run.

                 

    EarthKAM (Earth Knowledge Acquired by Middle School Students):    Complete.

                 

    ELITE-S2 (Elaboratore Immagini Televisive - Space 2):    Planned.

                 

    EPO (Educational Payload Operations):    Reserve.

                 

    ETD (Eye Tracking Device):    Experiment data were returned on 15S.

                 

    EuTEF (European Technology Exposure Facility): EuTEF platform is nominal. DEBIE-2: Link error still under investigation; DOSTEL: On-going science acquisition; EuTEMP: Currently inactive as planned; EVC: So far further troubleshooting is required, as the high-resolution downlinked images are very difficult to interpret. The impact of MISSE-6 on the EVC field of view is apparently much bigger than anticipated; EXPOSE: On-going science acquisition; FIPEX: Short-duration measurements with sensors RAM1, RAM4 and ZENITH8 continue. Long-term measurements can not be started due to RS422 Link Error – Troubleshooting on-going; MEDET: On-going science acquisition, running nominal, except sample wheel of the Spectrometer is blocked on "park" position; PLEGPAY: During the SOLACES instrument operation, some countermeasure Xenon gas release was implemented (nominal procedure). Analysis on-going to assess if we can relax this countermeasure procedure. Next test (Langmuir Probe acquisitions) via direct commanding will take place during the 15S undocking; TRIBOLAB: on 4/10 the instrument was commanded in Thermal Stabilisation mode in preparation of the first experiment run. On 4/11, the first TRIBOLAB Pin On Disk (POD1) was started and ran until 15S undock. The experiment was paused during the 15S thruster firing on 4/14, and resumed successfully. On 4/15, the Pin On Disk (POD1) run was suddenly stopped after we encountered much higher than anticipated friction coefficients measurements. Analysis on-going.

                 

    Fluid Science Laboratory (FSL):  The FSL Facility awaits further troubleshooting after 1J/A departure.

                 

    GEOFLOW:   Deferred.  Start of GEOFLOW is pending further FSL troubleshooting/commissioning activities.

                 

    IMMUNO (Neuroendocrine & Immune Responses in Humans During & After Long Term Stay at ISS): Second session for Yuri Malenchenko has been nominally performed between 4/12 and 4/15. Blood and urine samples were returned on 15S.

                 

    InSPACE-2 (Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions 2):    In progress.

                 

    Integrated Immune:  In progress.

                 

    KUBIK-FM1/ KUBIK-FM2 Centrifuge/Incubators:    Completed.

                 

    LOCAD-PTS (Lab-on-a-Chip Application Development-Portable Test System):   Complete.

                 

    MISSE (Materials ISS Experiment):  Ongoing.

                 

    MTR-2 (Russian radiation measurements):   Passive dosimeters measurements in DC1 “Pirs”.

                 

    MULTIGEN-1:    Completed.

                 

    MSG-SAME (Microgravity Science Glovebox):    Complete.

                 

    NOA-2 (Nitric Oxide Analyzer):    Planned.

                 

    NUTRITION/REPOSITORY:    In progress.

                 

    PMDIS (Perceptual Motor Deficits in Space):    Complete.

                 

    SAMS/MAMS (Space & Microgravity Acceleration Measurement Systems):   Ongoing.

                 

    SAMPLE: Last crew sampling session for Inc16 FE-1 Malenchenko was successfully performed on 4/7. Samples were downloaded on 15S.

                 

    SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight):    In progress.

                 

    SOLAR (Solar Monitoring Observatory): On 4/12, the tracking mode software was successfully patched. First results are promising, but require further assessment. SOLAR platform went to stand-by mode during Sun tracking measurements. The Sun observation is now closed (Beta angles higher than 22deg), and will resume on 4/30. SOVIM: Science data acquisition has been performed nominally until closing of Sun observation window (4/15); SOLSPEC: One spectrum measurement has been successfully performed on 4/13 and will help to cross-compare the results gathered with Sun instrument on NASA Sounding Rocket launched on 4/14/16:58GMT; SOLACES: Two spectrum measurements have been successfully performed on 4/13 and will help to cross-compare the results gathered with Sun instrument on NASA Sounding Rocket launched on 4/14/16:58GMT.

                 

    SPHERES (Synchronized Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellite):    In progress.

                 

    Swab (Characterization of Microorganisms & Allergens in Spacecraft):   Complete.

                 

    TRAC (Test of Reaction & Adaptation Capabilities):   Planned.

                 

    ULTRASOUND:    Planned.

                 

    WAICO #1 (Waving and Coiling of Arabidopsis Roots at Different g-levels):    Planned.

                 

    CEO (Crew Earth Observation): Through 4/15 the ground has received a total of 18,267 ISS CEO images for review and cataloging. Late this week imagery received included sessions with camera times corresponding to the following daily target requests: Pilcomayo River dynamics, N. Argentina; Lima, Peru; East Venezuelan land use; Irrawaddy River Delta, Burma; Chongqing, China; Luquillo Forest, Puerto Rico; Santa Barbara Coast, California; Eastern Tien Shan Mountains, China; and Slate Islands Impact Crater, Lake Superior. We will be providing feedback on these acquisitions as we work through them in the coming week. Feedback on last week’s acquisitions includes: Teide Volcano, Canary Islands – first review indicates more clouds present then we had hoped; Volcán Colima, Mexico – again clouds prevented a good acquisition; imagery for other acquisitions are still under review. “Your recent striking image of the Cananea Copper Mine, Sonora-Mexico will be published on NASA/GSFC’s Earth Observatory site this weekend. Your photo beautifully illustrates the land use and ecological impacts one of the world’s largest open-pit copper mines. Thanks for spotting this one. We are very pleased with the quality of your imagery and your high level of response to our target requests. Please don’t hesitate to ask if we can provide additional products or assistance in acquiring our science targets.”

    ---------------------------------------

    To sum up, the Cultivation System in Columbus appears to be working nominally again, and Cell Wall/Resist Wall is progressing. Also, EuTEF isn't working completely troublefree yet, but all of them have been started now. MISSE 6 appears to be blocking one payload's field of view more than expected, and TRIBOLAB has found some unexpected friction results. SOLAR looking promisingly good and CEO targets are seen as highly satisfactory by the ground analysts.

    -DaviD-

    Offline eeergo

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    Re: Science Experiments in the ISS
    « Reply #42 on: 04/25/2008 12:34 PM »
    Initial FSL troubleshooting started, and yielding good results!:

    "COL Update:   The first part of the paced troubleshooting sequence on the FSL (Fluid Science Laboratory) by Reisman yesterday was successful.  The laser switch in FSL was recovered, and all three drawers are operating fine; additional troubleshooting is scheduled next week (4/29 & 4/30)."

    (from the 4/24 ISS Status Report)
    -DaviD-

    Offline eeergo

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    Re: Science Experiments in the ISS
    « Reply #43 on: 04/28/2008 10:57 AM »
    Very interesting tidbit about one of the experiments performed in the last flight of Columbia, which was party downlinked from ISS to the ground, and partly stored in a hard disk that survived the Shuttle's destruction. It concerned the physics of fluids like whip-cream, that flow or congeal depending on its so-called 'shear-thinning'. To know more: http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2008/25apr_cvx2.htm

    A good little tribute to that brave crew.
    -DaviD-

    Offline eeergo

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    RE: Science Experiments in the ISS
    « Reply #44 on: 05/04/2008 04:26 PM »

    From yesterday's Status Report, a new science update:

    ----------------------------

    Weekly Science Update (Expedition Seventeen -- Week 2)        

                 

    ALTCRISS (Alteino Long Term monitoring of Cosmic Rays on the ISS):    Measurements continue in FGB module.  Inc16 science data returned on 15S, waiting for hand-over to science team.

                 

    ANITA:    Completed.

                 

    BCAT-3 (Binary  Colloidal Alloy Test 3):   Reserve.

                 

    CARDIOCOG-2:    Completed.

                 

    CCISS  (Cardiovascular & Cerebrovascular Control on Return from ISS):     Reserve.

                 

    CFE (Capillary  Flow Experiment):    Reserve.

                 

    CW/CR (Cell Wall/Resist Wall) in EMCS (European Modular Cultivation System):    Germination in B3 and B4. A1 plants are still alive.  Investigators are evaluating the possibility of EC A1/B1 position change.

                 

    CSI-2/CGBA (CGBA  Science Insert #2/Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus):    In  progress.

                 

    CGBA-2 (Commercial  Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus 2):  Complete.

                 

    CSLM-2 (Coarsening in Solid-Liquid Mixtures 2):    The final run of the CSLM-2 SPU was completed.  The data files have been downlinked and the temperature data looks good.   Everything appears to have worked as expected.   Detailed analysis of the data will be forth coming as well as inspection of the samples once they return to the ground.  “Thank you for supporting CSLM-2 research!!”

                 

    EarthKAM (Earth  Knowledge Acquired by Middle School Students):     Complete.

                 

    ELITE-S2 (Elaboratore Immagini Televisive - Space 2):    The crew was thanked for supporting the ELITE experiment.  The data files were successfully downlinked and data analysis on the ground can now be started.

                 

    EPO (Educational  Payload Operations):    Reserve.

                 

    ETD (Eye Tracking  Device):    Completed.  Inc16 science data  returned on 15S, waiting for hand-over to science team.

                 

    EuTEF (European Technology Exposure Facility):    On 4/25, EuTEF platform encountered an accidental de-activation of its power feeder #1.  Ground operators re-activated all the instruments progressively, with the exception of FIPEX, which got delayed by a couple of days. - DEBIE-2: Link error still under investigation; - DOSTEL: On-going science acquisition; - EuTEMP: Currently inactive as planned; - EVC: Further troubleshooting is on-going; still problems to get high-rate data downlink; - EXPOSE: On-going science acquisition; - FIPEX: Long-duration measurements with sensors RAM1, RAM4 and ZENITH8 has been abruptly interrupted on 4/25 after the accidental power feeder #1 de-activation. New science acquisition script has been started on 4/30; - MEDET: On-going science acquisition, running nominal;  - PLEGPAY: Instrument is powered on, but not in science acquisition mode; - TRIBOLAB: On 4/25, the very sensitive TRIBOLAB Pin On Disk #2 (POD #2) run could be restarted, but science impact assessment is on-going.

                 

    FSL (Fluid Science Laboratory):   FSL LAN (Local Area Network) was successfully performed on 4/30.  Further troubleshooting activities are required after the erroneous telemetry with CEM-Upper) Optical Module.  FSL MIL Bus cable has still to be repaired.

                 

    GEOFLOW:   Start of GEOFLOW is pending further FSL commissioning activities (check of FSL optical modes) currently planned for next two weeks.

                 

    IMMUNO  (Neuroendocrine & Immune Responses in Humans During & After Long Term  Stay at ISS):      Complete.

                 

    InSPACE-2 (Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from  Colloidal Emulsions 2):    In progress.

                 

    Integrated  Immune:  In progress.

                 

    KUBIK-FM1/  KUBIK-FM2 Centrifuge/Incubators:    Completed.

                 

    LOCAD-PTS  (Lab-on-a-Chip Application Development-Portable Test System):    Complete.

                 

    MISSE (Materials  ISS Experiment):  Ongoing.

                 

    MTR-2 (Russian  radiation measurements):   Passive dosimeters measurements in DC1  “Pirs”.

                 

    MULTIGEN-1:     Completed.

                 

    MSG-SAME  (Microgravity Science Glovebox):    Complete.

                 

    NOA-2 (Nitric  Oxide Analyzer):    Planned.

                 

    NUTRITION/REPOSITORY:     In progress.

                 

    PMDIS (Perceptual  Motor Deficits in Space):    Complete.

                 

    SAMS/MAMS (Space  & Microgravity Acceleration Measurement Systems):   Ongoing.

                 

    SAMPLE:    Inc16 samples have been downloaded with 15S and handed over to science  team.

                 

    SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight):    “Garrett, your Increment 17 remaining Sleep activities include:  2 download/initialization sessions, 1 more week of required Sleep logging, and doffing the Actiwatch on the Shuttle on your return home.   Any additional sleep logging than the required week is above and beyond and greatly appreciated by the PI.  Also, feel free to get a new Actiwatch band from the Actiwatch Supply Kit (#1042) and discard your old one.  Just call down so we can track it.”

                 

    SOLAR (Solar Monitoring Observatory):   Initial Sun tracking was started on 4/29, but the Sun was not in the proper beta range to allow for nominal data acquisition – SOLAR platform went to Stand-By Mode when trying to track the Sun.  On 4/30, solar measurements started with SOVIM and SOLSPEC instruments, but were affected by short Sun passes.  - SOVIM: Acquiring science data – some glitches observed in the instrument telemetry; - SOLSPEC: Calibration activities (3 out of 4) successfully performed on 5/01.  Acquiring science data; - SOLACES: Science acquisition to be restarted on 5/02, after some Command Sequence script was stopped on 5/01.  Planned measurements will complement the ones gathered during the NASA Sounding Rocket campaign last April.

                 

    SPHERES  (Synchronized Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellite):     In progress. 

                 

    Swab  (Characterization of Microorganisms & Allergens in Spacecraft):    Complete.

                 

    TRAC (Test of  Reaction & Adaptation Capabilities):   Planned.

                 

    ULTRASOUND:     Planned.

                 

    WAICO #1 (Waving and Coiling of Arabidopsis Roots at Different g-levels):    The 4 ECs (Experiment Containers) of Rotor B are yet to be retrieved by the crew from the blocked Rotor B.

                 

    CEO (Crew Earth Observations):    Through 4/30 the ground has received a total of 560 ISS/CEO images from Inc17 for review and cataloging.  Currently under review are images with camera times corresponding to the following target list requests:  Harvard Forest, Vermont (target acquisition unverified yet); Tigris-Euphrates Delta (preliminarily-appears somewhat overexposed); Tropical Cyclone Nargis, Bay of Bengal (good effort); Afar Rift Zone, Ethiopia (preliminarily – very good with much of the area acquired); and Lake Pontchartrain, Mississippi Delta (excellent coverage of this dynamic event – will be published).   “We are attempting to respond to your request for support in acquiring good views of the cities of Montreal, Cologne, Philadelphia, and Washington D.C.  We have other targets in these areas as well, but have not been able to ask for them either because of poor weather.  Now it appears we will have to wait a few weeks before illumination become adequate again for these locations.  We will report back if we find any views of them in your imagery.  Most of your imagery appears to be focused and well-composed, however please be advised that:  a small  number of your practice or personal interest images using the long lens settings and having no context views are extremely difficult to catalog and may never be located precisely.  Thank you for your great response to our target requests to date!”

                 

    CEO (Crew Earth Observations) photo targets uplinked for  today were Tigris-Euphrates Delta,  Middle East (ISS orbit track brought the station directly over the historically significant region that feeds into the Persian Gulf to the SE.  Overlapping frames, taken along track, will provide a useful contextual view of the current configuration of the delta), Ile Rouleau Impact  Crater, Quebec, Canada (weather was predicted to be clear over Ile Rouleau, a 4 km-diameter impact structure that is exposed at the surface as a small island.  Looking to the right of track for the long, narrow northeast-southwest oriented Lake Mistassini - in appearance, the lake looks somewhat like claw marks on the landscape; overlapping frames along the extent of the lake will capture the crater near the southern end), Montreal, Quebec, Canada (Crew Request.  Looking to the right of track for Montreal, weather was predicted to be clear), Santa Barbara Coast, California (ISS had a nadir pass over this long-term ecological research [LTER] site.  Overlapping frames, taken along track as approaching the coast, were requested.  Continuing to acquire overlapping frames as ISS crossed the urban area of Santa Barbara and crossed the coastline once again), and Madrean Sky  Islands, Mexico (looking to the left of track as the station traversed the Gulf of California towards the Sierra Madre in Mexico.  Contextual frames of the mountains, taken as ISS traveled parallel to them from NW to SE, will be useful for assessing the status of the forested "sky islands" on the upper slopes).

                 

    CEO photography can be studied at this “Gateway” website:
                       http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov  (as of  3/1/08, this database contained 757,605 views of the Earth from space, with  314,000 from the ISS alone).

    ----------------------------------------------

    To sum up: all the current experiments are progressing smoothly, with some glitches to make things interesting: an inadvertent dropout in power for EuTEF, but they're recovering allright; SOLAR has overcome most of its problems but has to wait now to get the proper beta orientation, and some problems taking images for the CEO program.

    Apart from that Cell Wall/Resist Wall is running along after BioLab was successfully repaired, CSLM-2 has been completed (some very intersting results coming up, I foresee) and FSL troubleshooting is expected to conclude in around 2 weeks, setting the stage for GEOFLOW to start. 

     

    -DaviD-

    Offline eeergo

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    RE: Science Experiments in the ISS
    « Reply #45 on: 05/08/2008 09:22 PM »
    The Fluid Science Laboratory in Columbus has been successfully repaired and is now back on line! From today's ISS Status Report:

    http://www.hq.nasa.gov/osf/iss_reports/index.htm

    "COL FSL Update:  The crew was thanked by COL-CC (Columbus Orbital Laboratory Control Center) for the repair of the FSL (Fluid Science Laboratory), which was successfully activated and performed nominally before being turned off again.  Thanks were also extended for Garrett Reisman’s support of the activation of the ERNObox, a special computer package with a new type of microchips, to be tested in the space environment, which also provides limited acceleration and temperature measurements.  Data are on the ground and under investigation."

    Also, a new Russian human physiology experiment has been started today, and new runs of LOCAD-PTS are upcoming:

    "Kononenko set up the equipment for his first session with the Russian experiment MBI-18 DYKHANIE (“respiration”, “breathing”), then conducted the session, controlled from  the RSE-Med laptop, followed later by the CDR who also undertook the experiment for the first time.   The crewmembers took photographs of each other working the hardware, then closed down the payload and stowed it.    [Dykhanie-1 uses two body belts (PG-T/thoracic, PG-A/abdominal), a calibrator, resistor, mouthpiece, etc., to study fundamental physiological mechanisms of the external breathing function of crewmembers under long-duration orbital flight conditions.  During the experiment, physiological measurements are taken and recorded with a pneumotachogram, a thoracic pneumogram, an abdominal pneumogram, and pressure data in the oral cavity.  All experimentally derived plus salient environmental data along with personal data of the subject are recorded on PCMIA card for return to the ground at end of the Expedition.  Objectives include determining the dynamics of the relationship between thoracic (pectoral) and abdominal breathing function reserves and their realization potential during spontaneous breathing, the coordinated spontaneous respiratory movements in terms of thoracic and abdominal components of volumetric, time & rate parameters of spontaneous respiratory cycle, identification of the features of humoral-reflex regulation of breathing by dynamics of ventilation sensitivity of thoracic and abdominal components to chemoreceptor stimuli, etc.  Overall, the experiment is intended to provide a better understanding of the basic mechanisms of pulmonary respiration/gas exchange gravitational relations of cosmonauts.]"

    "In preparation of upcoming LOCAD-PTS (Lab-on-a-Chip Application Development-Portable Test System)  experiments, the FE-2 transferred data from the LOCAD reader #002 to storage and installed updated software with new calibration curves (for processing new Glucan LAL cartridges) on both readers (#002 & 003).   [LOCAD uses small, thumb-sized “microfluidic” cartridges that are read by the experiment reader.  The cartridges contain dried extract of horseshoe crab blood cells and colorless dye.  In the presence of the bacteria, the dried extract reacts strongly to turn the dye a green color. Therefore, the more green dye, the more microorganisms there are in the original sample.  The handheld device tests this new analysis technology by sampling for the presence of gram negative bacteria in the sample in about 15 minutes.  Lab-on-a-Chip technology has an ever-expanding range of applications in the biotech industry.  Chips are available (or in development) which can also detect yeast, mold, and gram positive bacteria, identify environmental contaminants, and perform quick health diagnostics in medical clinics.  The technology has been used to swab the MERs (Mars Exploration Rovers) for planetary protection.  With expanded testing on ISS, this compact technology has broad potential applications in space exploration--from monitoring environmental conditions to monitoring crew health on long-duration flights.]"
    -DaviD-

    Offline catfry

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    Re: Science Experiments in the ISS
    « Reply #46 on: 05/09/2008 06:17 AM »
    Manned spaceflight for the win!

    Offline eeergo

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    Space Station Tricorder: LOCAD-PTS
    « Reply #47 on: 05/11/2008 06:44 PM »

    Intesting article about one of the experiments being currently performed in Station: LOCAD-PTS, which is a portable device that looks for certain organic molecules (fungi, bacteria...) and is being developed right now for future uses on the Moon or beyond, and of course here on Earth. Suni Williams using it:

     

    http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2008/09may_tricorder.htm

    -DaviD-

    Offline eeergo

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    RE: Science Experiments in the ISS
    « Reply #48 on: 05/18/2008 08:18 PM »

    Update for this week:

    ----------------------

    Weekly Science Update (Expedition Seventeen -- Week  4)        

    ALTCRISS (Alteino Long Term monitoring of Cosmic Rays on the ISS):     Measurements continue in FGB module.  Inc16 science data returned on 15S have  been handed over to Science Team.

    ANITA (Analyzing Interferometer for Ambient Air):    Continuing.

    BCAT-3 (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test 3):   Reserve.

    CARDIOCOG-2:   Completed.

    CCISS (Cardiovascular & Cerebrovascular Control on Return from  ISS):    Reserve.

    CFE (Capillary Flow Experiment):    Reserve.

    CW/CR (Cell Wall/Resist Wall) in EMCS (European Modular Cultivation  System):    B3 & B4 plants are growing.  B3 growth is slower than  estimated.  Some of the B1 plants are still alive.

    CSI-2/CGBA (CGBA Science Insert #2/Commercial Generic Bioprocessing  Apparatus):    In progress.

    CGBA-2 (Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus 2):   Complete.

    CSLM-2 (Coarsening in Solid-Liquid Mixtures 2):    Complete.

    EarthKAM (Earth Knowledge Acquired by Middle School Students):     Complete.

    ELITE-S2 (Elaboratore Immagini Televisive - Space 2):     Planned.

    EPO (Educational Payload Operations):    Reserve.

    ETD (Eye Tracking Device):    Completed.  Inc16 science data  returned on 15S and have been handed over to Science Team.

    EuTEF (European Technology Exposure Facility):    The experiment  platform continues to operate nominally.  A DHPU (Data Handling Processing Unit)  software patch is currently developed to fix the link error issues encountered  with DEBIE-2 and FIPEX instruments. - DEBIE-2: Link error still under  investigation; - DOSTEL: On-going science acquisition; - EuTEMP: Currently  inactive as planned; - EVC: Further troubleshooting is on-going; Still problems  to get high-rate data downlink; - EXPOSE: On-going science acquisition; - FIPEX:  A new script was uplinked on 5/7 and terminated nominally on 5/11; a new script  has been uplinked on 5/14 but not started yet; - MEDET: On-going science  acquisition, running nominal; some commanding activities to adjust parameters  took place on 5/15; - PLEGPAY: Instrument is powered on, but not in science  acquisition mode. New Langmuir probe runs will be started in conjunction with  Progress 29P docking on 5/16; - TRIBOLAB: TRIBOLAB Pin On Disk#2 (POD#2) ran  nominally until 5/9. The instrument has been put in Thermal Stabilization Mode  (TSM) to prepare for an attempt to restart the Pin On Disk#1 (POD#1) run that  took place on 5/9.  Unfortunately, the POD#1 run went immediately to Non-Nominal  Mode (NNM), for the same reason as before (friction coefficient too high);  Science team is now planning to start the next POD#3 run on 5/17.

    FSL (Fluid Science Laboratory):   FSL MIL Bus cable repair was  successfully performed on 5/5.  After FSL Rack Activation from ground on 5/8,  the ground confirmed that the FSL cables repair activities were successful.   Further troubleshooting activities will be required with CEM-U (Upper) Optical  Module.

    GEOFLOW:   Further troubleshooting activities with CEM-U (Upper)  Optical Module are required.  A new lamp set is manifested on STS-124/1J.   GEOFLOW start is pending further FSL troubleshooting, and remaining  commissioning activities (check of FSL optical modes).  This will not occur  prior to 1J flight.

    IMMUNO (Neuroendocrine & Immune Responses in Humans During &  After Long Term Stay at ISS):      Complete.

    InSPACE-2 (Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from  Colloidal Emulsions 2):    In progress.

    Integrated Immune:  In progress.

    KUBIK-FM1/ KUBIK-FM2 Centrifuge/Incubators:    Completed.

    LOCAD-PTS (Lab-on-a-Chip Application Development-Portable Test  System):   Complete.

    MISSE (Materials ISS Experiment):  Ongoing.

    MTR-2 (Russian radiation measurements):   Passive dosimeters  measurements in DC1 “Pirs”.

    MULTIGEN-1:    Completed.

    MSG-SAME (Microgravity Science Glovebox):    Complete.

    NOA-2 (Nitric Oxide Analyzer):    Planned.

    NUTRITION w/REPOSITORY:    In progress.

    PMDIS (Perceptual Motor Deficits in Space):    Complete.

    SAMS/MAMS (Space & Microgravity Acceleration Measurement  Systems):   Ongoing.

    SAMPLE:   Inc16 samples have been downloaded with 15S and handed  over to science team.

    SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during  Spaceflight):    “Garrett, thanks for completing your Actiwatch  download/initialization activity.  You are also task listed to complete your  third week of required Sleep logging this week.  Any additional Sleep logging is  above and beyond and greatly appreciated by the PI.  After completing the Sleep  log, you will have one more Actiwatch download session, and then the Actiwatch  doff on the Shuttle.”

    SOLAR (Solar Monitoring Observatory):   During the last Sun  observation period, the SOLAR platform, SOVIM and SOLSPEC Sun sensors’ positions  have been correlated during a so-called “criss-cross” procedure manoeuvre on 5/5  and 5/8.  The last Sun observation period has closed on 5/10. - SOVIM: Waiting  for the Sun – some glitches observed in the instrument telemetry during last  week; - SOLSPEC: Waiting for the Sun; - SOLACES: Waiting for the Sun, some  recurrent synchronization problems between its microcontrollers during last  week.

    SPHERES (Synchronized Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental  Satellite):    In progress. 

    Swab (Characterization of Microorganisms & Allergens in  Spacecraft):   Complete.

    TRAC (Test of Reaction & Adaptation Capabilities):    Planned.

    ULTRASOUND:    Planned.

    WAICO #1 (Waving and Coiling of Arabidopsis Roots at Different  g-levels):    The 4 ECs (Experiment Containers) of Rotor B are yet to be  retrieved by the crew from the blocked Rotor B.  The first troubleshooting  activity, which reinserts 6 RECs (Reference ECs) into Rotor A, has been  performed on 5/15.  Unfortunately, while activating BIOLAB from ground after  this crew activity, a caution signal was encountered.  Engineering teams are  analyzing the telemetry.

    CEO (Crew Earth Observations):    Through 5/14 the ground has  received a total of 1,383 of ISS/CEO images for review and cataloging.   “We are  currently reviewing imagery with camera times corresponding to the following  target list requests:  Galeras Volcano, Colombia (preliminarily not acquired);  Lake Nasser, Egypt (excellent coverage, this target can be pulled as completed);  and Vredefort Impact Crater, South Africa (preliminarily acquired with great  coverage).  Nice work!  Your efforts to acquire imagery of Cologne, Germany have  netted partly cloudy views of several cities along the Rhine:  Karlsruhe, Mainz,  and Koblenz, all too far south.  One of your Cologne attempts captured some  striking views of the world-famous vineyards along the Moselle River about 50  miles southwest of Koblenz, Germany.  One of these frames will be published on  NASA/GSFC’s Earth Observatory website this weekend.  Good eye!  Clearly you are  making a most diligent effort to respond to our target requests (nearly 400  frames so far).  Thank you!”

    CEO (Crew Earth Observations) photo target uplinked for today were  High Central Andean Glaciers, S. America (weather was  favorable for photography of the summit glaciers of the Peruvian Andes.  Looking  to the left of track as ISS orbit paralleled the South American coastline.   Imagery of the upper flanks and summits of the mountains was requested in order  to track changes in ice extent and snow cover.

    CEO photography can be studied at this “Gateway” website:
    http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov  (as of 3/1/08, this  database contained 757,605 views of the Earth from space, with 314,000 from the  ISS alone).

    -------------------------

    In a nutshell, FSL is progressing but GEOFLOW won't be carried out until after 1J, SOLAR is waiting for the sun to be in the proper beta, EuTEF's payloads still have certain glitches but with every passing week they appear to be converging towards a more nominal status, Biolab still has problems with the centrifuges, which is impacting WAICO but apparently not CW/RW. The rest of the experiments are either progressing well or in reserve (waiting for future opportunities) 

    Also, some recent remarks about Russian experiments, which don't appear to be listed on the weekly summary:

    "Special attention was given by the FE-1 to the transfer, setup & situational  photography of the new BIO-12 REGENERATSIYA (regeneration) payload and its  ULITKA (snail) container, designed to study how zero gravity impacts structural  and functional recovery of damaged organs and tissues in animal tests."

    "For the Russian Sleep study, CDR Volkov terminated his second MBI-12  SONOKARD experiment session upon wake-up by taking the recording device from his  SONOKARD sports shirt pocket and later copying the measurements to the RSE-MED  laptop for subsequent downlink to the ground.    [SONOKARD objectives are  stated to (1) study the feasibility of obtaining the maximum of data through  computer processing of records obtained overnight, (2) systematically record the  crewmember’s physiological functions during sleep, (3) study the feasibility of  obtaining real-time crew health data.  Investigators believe that contactless  acquisition of cardiorespiratory data over the night period could serve as a  basis for developing efficient criteria for evaluating and predicting adaptive  capability of human body in long-duration space flight.]"

    "Sergey & Oleg underwent their first periodic (generally monthly) health  test with the cardiological experiment PZEh MO-1 (“Study of the Bioelectric  Activity of the Heart at Rest”) on the TVIS (Treadmill with Vibration Isolation  System).   [During the 45-min. test, the crewmembers tagged up with ground  specialists on an RGS (Russian ground site) pass on DO14 via VHF and downlinked  data from the Gamma-1M ECG (electrocardiograph) for about 5-6 minutes.]"

    "Oleg also had his third run with the Russian DZZ-2 "Diatomeya" ocean  observations program, using the NIKON F-5 digital still camera with 80-200 mm  lens and the HDV (high-definition) video camcorder from SM windows 7 & 8 to  obtain color blooms in water area and large irregularities in cloud cover above  the ocean and in surface wave fields."

    -DaviD-

    Offline eeergo

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    Re: Science Experiments in the ISS
    « Reply #49 on: 05/26/2008 10:57 AM »
    New weekly science update:
     
    ----------------------------
     
    Weekly Science Update (Expedition Seventeen -- Week 5)         
    ALTCRISS (Alteino Long Term monitoring of Cosmic Rays on the ISS):    Measurements continue in FGB module.

    ANITA (Analyzing Interferometer for Ambient Air):   Continuing.
    BCAT-3 (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test 3):   Reserve.
    CARDIOCOG-2:   Completed.
    CCISS (Cardiovascular & Cerebrovascular Control on Return from ISS):    Reserve.
    CFE (Capillary Flow Experiment):    Reserve.
    CW/CR (Cell Wall/Resist Wall) in EMCS (European Modular Cultivation System):    Harvesting of B3 and B4 was completed on 05/23.  “Thank you for your diligent work on CW/RW and also for the last-minute gathering of EMCS hardware for return on 1J.  The final activity remaining for CW/RW is the relocation of the KFTs from the +2C dewar to a -95C dewar in MELFI.
    CSI-2/CGBA (CGBA Science Insert #2/Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus):    In progress.
    CGBA-2 (Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus 2):  Complete.
    CSLM-2 (Coarsening in Solid-Liquid Mixtures 2):    Complete.
    EarthKAM (Earth Knowledge Acquired by Middle School Students):    Complete.
    ELITE-S2 (Elaboratore Immagini Televisive - Space 2):    Planned.
    EPO (Educational Payload Operations):    Reserve.
    ETD (Eye Tracking Device):    Completed.
    EuTEF (European Technology Exposure Facility):    The experiment platform continues to operate nominally, although the platform is rather cold due to unfavourable beta angles. A DHPU (Data Handling Processing Unit) software patch is currently developed to fix the link error issues encountered with DEBIE-2 and FIPEX instruments. - DEBIE-2: Link error still under investigation; - DOSTEL: On-going science acquisition; - EuTEMP: Currently inactive as planned; - EVC: Inactive; - EXPOSE: On-going science acquisition; - FIPEX: A new script was uplinked on 05/19, but it stopped too quickly on 05/20.  A modified script was then uplinked on 05/21, started on 05/22 and is now scheduled to run up to 05/27; - MEDET: On 05/18, the instrument had to be switched off because it reached the low temperature limit.  Awaiting more favourable thermal conditions to restart science acquisition; - PLEGPAY: Instrument is powered on, but not in science acquisition mode; - TRIBOLAB: The Pin On Disk run #3 (POD#3) was restarted nominally on 05/17 and has been running nominally since then.
    FSL (Fluid Science Laboratory):   FSL MIL Bus cable repair was successfully performed on 5/5.  After FSL Rack Activation from ground on 5/8, the ground confirmed that the FSL cables repair activities were successful.  Further troubleshooting activities will be required with CEM-U (Upper) Optical Module.
    GEOFLOW:   Further troubleshooting activities with CEM-U (Upper) Optical Module are required.  A new lamp set is manifested on STS-124/1J.  GEOFLOW start is pending further FSL troubleshooting, and remaining commissioning activities (check of FSL optical modes).  This will not occur prior to 1J flight.
    IMMUNO (Neuroendocrine & Immune Responses in Humans During & After Long Term Stay at ISS):      Complete.
    InSPACE-2 (Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions 2):    In progress.
    Integrated Immune:  In progress.
    KUBIK-FM1/ KUBIK-FM2 Centrifuge/Incubators:    Completed.
    LOCAD-PTS (Lab-on-a-Chip Application Development-Portable Test System):   Complete.
    MISSE (Materials ISS Experiment):  Ongoing.
    MTR-2 (Russian radiation measurements):   Passive dosimeters measurements in DC1 “Pirs”.
    MULTIGEN-1:    Completed.
    MSG-SAME (Microgravity Science Glovebox):    Complete.
    NOA-2 (Nitric Oxide Analyzer):    Planned.
    NUTRITION w/REPOSITORY:    “Garrett, thanks for your continued attention to detail in completing your FD60 Nutrition/Repository session.  This was your final in-flight sample collection.  We appreciate your efforts in keeping to the science/timeline constraints during blood draw procedures.  Thanks for your participation!”
    PMDIS (Perceptual Motor Deficits in Space):    Complete.
    SAMS/MAMS (Space & Microgravity Acceleration Measurement Systems):   Ongoing.
    SAMPLE:   Inc16 samples have been downloaded with 15S and handed over to science team.
    SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight):    “Garrett, per the schedule, you have completed your last week of required sleep logging.  Next week you will have your last Actiwatch download/initialization session.  During your last download session, the PI did not like the way the data was scaling.  As of now you are not at risk of being lost as a subject, but we would like to preserve as much data as we can for later troubleshooting or ground analysis.  Therefore, during this session, you will remove the Li battery in your Actiwatch to assist in ground troubleshooting. You will download, initialize, and don Peggy’s CDR Actiwatch. We greatly appreciate your participation.”
    SOLAR (Solar Monitoring Observatory):   The last Sun observation period has closed on 05/10.  The next observation windows will start on 06/03. - SOVIM: Waiting for the Sun. During last week, the ground teams performed troubleshooting on the SOVIM covers, but with no luck; - SOLSPEC: Waiting for the Sun;
    - SOLACES: Waiting for the Sun.
    SPHERES (Synchronized Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellite):    In progress. 
    Swab (Characterization of Microorganisms & Allergens in Spacecraft):   Complete.
    TRAC (Test of Reaction & Adaptation Capabilities):   Planned.
    ULTRASOUND:    Planned.
    WAICO #1 (Waving and Coiling of Arabidopsis Roots at Different g-levels):    The 4 EC’s of Rotor B are yet to be retrieved by the crew from the blocked Rotor B. The first troubleshooting activity, which consists of inserting back 6 Reference Experiment Containers (ECs) into the Rotor A, has been performed on 05/15.  Unfortunately, while activating BIOLAB from ground after this crew activity, a caution signal was encountered with the BIOLAB Smoke Detector.  Engineering teams are analyzing the telemetry. The next BIOLAB activity (Rotor B Locking Pin actuator exchange) is currently planned on 05/27.
    CEO (Crew Earth Observations):    Through 5/20 the ground has received a total of 1,768 of ISS/CEO images for review and cataloging.   “We are currently reviewing imagery with camera times corresponding to the following target list requests:  Riachao Ring Impact Crater, Brazil (not apparent yet in your views);  Serra da Cangalha Impact Crater, Brazil (not apparent yet in your views); High Central Andean Glaciers (many excellent views of a number of rarely-photographed icefields and small glaciers); and Antarctic Ice Pack (poor weather and lighting reveals only a few small icebergs).  Very poor lighting conditions for daylight awake passes have persisted in the Southern Hemisphere this week with your orbit tracks staying near the terminator.  Hang in there! Viewing conditions and opportunities should improve dramatically next week.  Your striking image of the Zion National Park area, acquired late last month, will be posted on NASA/GSFC’s Earth Observatory website this weekend.  The extent and orientation of the erosion pattern and linear “joint” fractures are beautifully documented”.
    CEO photography can be studied at this “Gateway” website:
    http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov  (as of 3/1/08, this database contained 757,605 views of the Earth from space, with 314,000 from the ISS alone).
     
    ----------------------------
     
    Havesting time has come for Cell Wall/Resist Wall! The experiment run has been finished and only storing the samples in MELFI is left to do. EuTEF is enduring cold times (due to beta), as is SOLAR, which cannot see the Sun properly. However, both have their payloads very close to totally nominal operation. WAICO samples continue to be stuck inside BioLab :( FSL troubleshooting awaiting spares to be brought in STS-124.
     
    Human physiology experiments continue gathering data nominally, with some in reserve or planned.
    -DaviD-

    Offline eeergo

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    Re: Science Experiments in the ISS
    « Reply #50 on: 05/28/2008 03:48 PM »
    Today I took another look at the STS-124 press kit (not much time to spend lately, the exams are pressing :P)

    Anyway, here are the experiments to be delivered, conducted or brought back to Earth during this mission:

    To be performed:

    They have a pretty packed mission construction-wise, so not much time is allocated to perform in-flight experiments; however they will find time for:

        - Immune-SDBI, taking phlebotomic samples to study short-duration spaceflight effects.
        - MAUI, interaction of upper atmosphere with Shuttle plumes through observatories on the ground.
        - Vaccine, to study increases or decreases in virulence in some pathogens. This is a pathfinder for future "National Laboratory" uses of the ISS by the US.
        - Sleep-Short, to monitor crew sleep, like the regular "Sleep" experiment being performed routinely by the long-term crew.

    To be returned:

        - Biophosphonates, samples studying the efficiency of said compounds to prevent bone loss.
        - CSI-02, second run of "Commercial Bioprocessing Apparatus", educational experiment regarding plant growth.
        - CSLM-2, the flagship experiment for the last few months, regarding coarsening of solid-liquid mixtures (see older posts)
        - Integrated Immune, the same as in the Shuttle case but more comprehensive and long-term.
        - Nutrition w/ Repository, biological samples and food questionaries about astronaut nutrition, exercise and physiologic changes.
        - CW/RW, the Japanese plant experiment, if they manage to get it out of the deep abyss of Biolab's rotors ;)
        - They also list Geoflow, but since FSL has been down since 1E and no progress could be made, I suppose its comeback will be deferred.

    To be delivered:

        Two old friends and two new additions, one of them quite hazy:
        - Midodrine, drug to counteract dizziness because of low blood pressure once back in 1-G.
        - Sleep-Long, equipment for the Exp 17 crew.
        - PADLES, some radiation dosimeters to be installed in the JEM, I suppose to complement the Matrioshka phantoms and ANITA, already in place.
        - The fuzzy Comercial Payload Program for JAXA... listed as a suite of experiments sponsored by JAXA.

    I really would love to find a complete list with all the IP's experiments, not just the Americans or the ones with US participation. However, NASA is American, so...
    -DaviD-

    Offline catfry

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    Re: Science Experiments in the ISS
    « Reply #51 on: 05/28/2008 08:07 PM »
    ANITA doesn't deal with radiation does it? I thought it was only chemical detection.
    « Last Edit: 05/28/2008 08:08 PM by catfry »

    Offline eeergo

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    Re: Science Experiments in the ISS
    « Reply #52 on: 05/28/2008 09:15 PM »
    ANITA doesn't deal with radiation does it? I thought it was only chemical detection.

    You're right, I meant ALTEA... I got confused because ANITA usually gets cited alongside Matrioshka in the Status Reports, and ALTEA doesn't. Thanks for the correction! :)
    -DaviD-

    Offline eeergo

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    Re: Science Experiments in the ISS
    « Reply #53 on: 05/30/2008 11:19 PM »
    Very interesting report about the use of ISS as a National Laboratory (for the US, that is) also including some information about the IPs:

    http://www.space-multimedia.nl.eu.org/video/iss/exp17/replay40.php

    Special attention is devoted to the Salmonella experiment that has gained so much interest lately: they're trying to develop a salmonella vaccine (which doesn't currently exist, surprinsingly) and which is difficult to create on the ground, because Salmonella apparently loses pathogenecy much more quickly under gravity conditions.
    « Last Edit: 06/01/2008 03:01 PM by eeergo »
    -DaviD-

    Offline eeergo

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    Re: Science Experiments in the ISS
    « Reply #54 on: 06/03/2008 10:36 PM »
    Update about the Vaccine experiment: http://forum.nasaspaceflight.com/index.php?topic=13319
    -DaviD-

    Offline eeergo

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    Re: Science Experiments in the ISS
    « Reply #55 on: 06/08/2008 02:59 PM »
    This week's Science Update, while Discovery carries out its mission:

    ---------------------

    Weekly Science  Update (Expedition Seventeen -- Week 7)   
    ALTCRISS (Alteino Long Term monitoring of  Cosmic Rays on the ISS):    Measurements continue in FGB module.
    ANITA (Analyzing Interferometer for Ambient  Air):   Continuing.
    BCAT-3 (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test 3):   Reserve.
    CARDIOCOG-2:    Completed.
    CCISS (Cardiovascular & Cerebrovascular  Control on Return from ISS):    Reserve.
    CFE (Capillary Flow Experiment):     Reserve.
    CW/CR (Cell Wall/Resist Wall) in EMCS  (European Modular Cultivation System):    In progress.
    CSI-2/CGBA (CGBA Science Insert  #2/Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus):     In progress.
    CGBA-2 (Commercial Generic Bioprocessing  Apparatus 2):  Complete.
    CSLM-2 (Coarsening in Solid-Liquid Mixtures  2):    Complete.
    EarthKAM (Earth Knowledge Acquired by  Middle School Students):    Complete.
    ELITE-S2 (Elaboratore Immagini Televisive -  Space 2):    Planned.   
    EPO (Educational Payload Operations):     Reserve.
    ETD (Eye Tracking Device):     Completed.
    EuTEF (European Technology Exposure  Facility):    The experiment platform continues to operate nominally. Its power feeder #1 has been de-activated to support the JEM install activities (EVA-2).  The graceful shutdown of the platform was commanded some hours ahead of schedule, due to instabilities of the Ground Segment at COL-CC.  After the EVA-2, the EuTEF instruments have then been re-activated nominally.  A DHPU (Data Handling Processing Unit) software patch is currently developed to fix the link error issues encountered with DEBIE-2 and FIPEX instruments. - DEBIE-2: Link error still under investigation;- DOSTEL: On-going science acquisition; - EuTEMP: Currently inactive as planned; - EVC: Inactive, high rate data downlink needs further troubleshooting; - EXPOSE: On-going science acquisition; - FIPEX: A new script has been started after the re-activation of the EuTEF platform, now acquiring science; - MEDET: Acquiring science since 6/5;  - PLEGPAY: Several measurements have been performed with the Langmuir probe instrument during the STS-124 (1J) docking manoeuvre. The instrument is now powered on, but not in science acquisition mode; - TRIBOLAB: The Pin On Disk run #3 (POD#3) has been nominally completed on 5/31.  The instrument has been put in Thermal Stabilisation Mode after EuTEF power feeder #1 re-activation.
    FSL (Fluid Science Laboratory):   FSL MIL Bus cable repair was successfully performed on 5/5.  After FSL Rack Activation from ground on 5/8, the ground confirmed that the FSL cables repair activities were successful.  Further troubleshooting activities will be required with CEM-U (Upper) Optical Module.
    GEOFLOW:   Further troubleshooting activities with CEM-U(pper) Optical Module are required.  A new lamp was sent up on STS-124 (1J).  The start of GEOFLOW is pending further FSL troubleshooting and remaining commissioning activities (check of FSL optical modes) and it will not occur prior to the end of the 1J flight.
    IMMUNO (Neuroendocrine & Immune  Responses in Humans During & After Long Term Stay at ISS):       Complete.
    InSPACE-2  (Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal  Emulsions 2):    In progress.
    Integrated Immune:   In progress.
    KUBIK-FM1/ KUBIK-FM2  Centrifuge/Incubators:    Completed.
    LOCAD-PTS (Lab-on-a-Chip Application  Development-Portable Test System):   Complete.
    MISSE (Materials ISS Experiment):   Ongoing.
    MTR-2 (Russian radiation  measurements):   Passive dosimeters measurements in  DC1 “Pirs”.
    MULTIGEN-1:     Completed.
    MSG-SAME (Microgravity Science  Glovebox):    Complete.
    NOA-2 (Nitric Oxide Analyzer):    Planned.
    NUTRITION w/REPOSITORY:     Complete.
    PMDIS (Perceptual Motor Deficits in Space):     Complete.
    SAMS/MAMS (Space & Microgravity  Acceleration Measurement Systems):   Ongoing.
    SAMPLE:    Inc16 samples have  been downloaded with 15S and handed over to science team.
    SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light  Exposure during Spaceflight):    “Garrett, your only remaining activity will be to doff your Actiwatch on the Shuttle with the other two participating crewmembers.  Any additional Sleep Logging on the SSC while on ISS is above and beyond and greatly appreciated by the PI.  No Sleep logging is required while you are on the Shuttle.”  “Greg, you have completed your first Sleep Activity by donning the Actiwatch.  You will have five download/initialization sessions and three weeks of Sleep logging remaining for your Increment 17 activities.  Any additional sleep logging into the SSC will be above and beyond and greatly appreciated by the PI.”
                       
                       SOLAR (Solar Monitoring Observatory):   A new Sun observation period started on 6/03.  Since then, the SOLAR measurements have been impacted by the ISS Attitude change and the STS-124 (1J) docking approach.  Moreover, we have faced severe Telemetry and Telecommanding problems at COL-CC, leading to the postponement of science acquisition and of SOLAR criss-cross manoeuvres execution over the last days. SOLAR has been gracefully shutdown by the crew on 6/4.  It was the only feasible and quick solution to safe SOVIM prior to thruster firings of the Orbiter.  After the JEM activation, SOLAR power feeder #1 has been reactivated, and we are now acquiring science nominally.  On 6/6, we plan to execute some criss-cross manoeuvres. - SOVIM: Acquiring science; - SOLSPEC: Acquiring science; - SOLACES: Acquiring science.
    SOLO:    Planned.
    SPHERES (Synchronized Position Hold,  Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellite):     In progress. 
    Swab (Characterization of Microorganisms  & Allergens in Spacecraft):   Complete.
    3-D SPACE :    A crew conference is currently  planned on 6/12.  First session with Greg  Chamitoff is currently planned for 6/13.
    TRAC (Test of Reaction & Adaptation  Capabilities):   Planned.
    ULTRASOUND:     Planned.
    WAICO #1 (Waving and Coiling of Arabidopsis  Roots at Different g-levels):    The four ECs (Experiment Containers) of Rotor B are yet to be retrieved by the crew from the blocked Rotor B.  BLB (BIOLAB) could not be activated from ground yet, pending resolution of the Smoke Detector issue.  After the 1J Flight, the remaining WAICO-#1 ECs will be disposed and replaced by six Reference ECs on Rotor B.
    CEO (Crew Earth Observations):     Ongoing.
    No CEO  (Crew Earth Observation) photo targets uplinked for today.
    CEO photography can be studied at this “Gateway” website:
                       http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov  (as of 3/1/08, this database contained 757,605 views of the Earth from  space, with 314,000 from the ISS alone).
    --------------------------------
    -DaviD-

    Offline eeergo

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    Re: Science Experiments in the ISS
    « Reply #56 on: 06/22/2008 03:18 PM »
    It's been a while since the last time I managed to provide a commented update of the science experiments, and I'm under the impression I may have missed some weekly reports, but I was very busy this last months, my apologies :)

    Here's this week's status report:

    -----------------------

    Weekly Science  Update (Expedition Seventeen -- Week 9)   
    PADLES (Passive Dosimeter for Lifescience Experiment in  Space):   In progress.
    ALTCRISS (Alteino Long Term monitoring of  Cosmic Rays on the ISS):    Measurements continue in FGB module.
    ANITA (Analyzing Interferometer for Ambient  Air):   Continuing.
    BCAT-3 (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test 3):   Reserve.
    CARDIOCOG-2:    Completed.
    CCISS (Cardiovascular & Cerebrovascular  Control on Return from ISS):    Reserve.
    CFE (Capillary Flow Experiment):     Reserve.
    CW/CR (Cell Wall/Resist Wall) in EMCS  (European Modular Cultivation System):    In progress.
    CSI-2/CGBA (CGBA Science Insert  #2/Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus):     In progress.
    CGBA-2 (Commercial Generic Bioprocessing  Apparatus 2):  Complete.
    CSLM-2 (Coarsening in Solid-Liquid Mixtures  2):    Complete.
    EarthKAM (Earth Knowledge Acquired by  Middle School Students):    Complete.
    ELITE-S2 (Elaboratore Immagini Televisive -  Space 2):    Planned.   
    EPO (Educational Payload Operations):     Reserve.
    ETD (Eye Tracking Device):     Completed.
    EuTEF (European Technology Exposure  Facility):     In progress.
    FSL (Fluid Science Laboratory):    In progress.
    GEOFLOW:    In progress.
    IMMUNO (Neuroendocrine & Immune  Responses in Humans During & After Long Term Stay at ISS):       Complete.
    InSPACE-2  (Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal  Emulsions 2):    In progress.
    Integrated Immune:     In progress.
    KUBIK-FM1/ KUBIK-FM2 Centrifuge/Incubators:    Completed.
    LOCAD-PTS (Lab-on-a-Chip Application  Development-Portable Test System):   Complete.
    MISSE (Materials ISS Experiment):   Ongoing.
    MTR-2 (Russian radiation  measurements):   Passive dosimeters measurements in  DC1 “Pirs”.
    MULTIGEN-1:     Completed.
    MSG-SAME (Microgravity Science  Glovebox):    Complete.
    NOA-2 (Nitric Oxide Analyzer):    Planned.
    NUTRITION w/REPOSITORY:    “Greg, thank you for your efforts in completing the FD15 session.   We appreciate the attention to detail in maintaining blood timeline constraints.”
    PMDIS (Perceptual Motor Deficits in Space):     Complete.
    SAMS/MAMS (Space & Microgravity  Acceleration Measurement Systems):   Ongoing.
    SAMPLE:    Inc16 samples have  been downloaded with 15S and handed over to science team.
    SLEEP (Sleep-Wake  Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight):    “Greg, next week you will have your first Sleep Actiwatch download/initialization session.  Due to a recent hardware issue in the previous crew rotation, we have spaced out your Actiwatch download task and Actiwatch initialization task to allow time for a downlink and verification of the data in between.  This will allow the Sleep Experiment Support Scientist to verify the data before you initialize the Actiwatch, which is an operation that starts to overwrite the previous period’s data.”
    SOLAR (Solar  Monitoring Observatory):    In progress.
    SOLO:    Planned.
    SPHERES (Synchronized Position Hold,  Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellite):     In progress. 
    Swab (Characterization of Microorganisms  & Allergens in Spacecraft):   Complete.
    3-D SPACE :    In progress.
    TRAC (Test of Reaction & Adaptation  Capabilities):   Planned.
    ULTRASOUND:     Planned.
    WAICO #1 (Waving and Coiling of Arabidopsis  Roots at Different g-levels):    In progress.
    CEO (Crew Earth Observations):    Through 6/16 the ground has received a total of 2,124 of ISS/CEO images for review and cataloging.  No imagery was received since the last crew change and the resumption of CEO Target Lists on 6/17.   “We look forward to working with you and helping you acquire good imagery of our science targets.  Any feedback on our products and how we are doing in our support would be most welcome!”
    CEO (Crew Earth Observations) photo targets uplinked for today were Madrean Sky Islands, New Mexico (this target is located in the northern reaches of Mexico’s Sierra Madre Occidental which boast some of the richest biodiversity anywhere in North America.  The “Sky Islands” are a veritable archipelago of cool, moist, higher-altitude pine-oak forested mountain ranges that dot the hot deserts of southern ArizonaNew Mexiconorthwestern Mexico.  These climatological islands, situated in remote and rugged areas, are being heavily modified by logging.  General images were requested for this relatively new site), East Haruj Megafans, Libya (ancient, now defunct rivers [sourced in the Tibesti Mountains to the south of the site when the Sahara Desert was much wetter] have laid down vast spreads of sediment as a series of large fans hundreds of km long and wide.  As rivers shifted position they produced networks of criss-crossing stream channels covering the entire surface of megafans.  Earth’s megafans may be the best analog for widespread “intercrater plains” on Mars.  This analog is being applied for the first time in ongoing research), .and Mississippi River flooding (Dynamic event.  ISS passed directly over  sectors of the Mississippi River where levee  breaks have occurred.  Cloud cover  may break sufficiently to allow views of the river.  Looking left and then right of track for  about 1.5 mins).
    CEO photography can be studied at this “Gateway” website:
                      http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov  (as of 3/1/08, this database contained 757,605 views of the Earth from  space, with 314,000 from the ISS alone).
    ----------------------
    There's a robust set of experiments going on right now in the ISS, with some of them (as noted before) not being listed here because of them being Russian. However, I've found a couple that appear to break this rule (Kubik, for example, or MTR-2) so I'm still scratching my head wondering what's the criteria for an experiment to appear in the Status Reports... well I suppose one day I should send an email and discover it.Not many juicy updates this time, however: no details are given about the specifics of the experiments, just their general status. Only Sleep has an update concerning the a data storage issue, but nothing else. Nice to see GEOFLOW has finally started operating inside FSL, and BioLab doesn't seem to be giving any problems to CW/RW or WAICO, but somehow this lack of anomalies smells wrong... probably whoever takes the time to write the details is on leave or something, we'll have to wait another week :)

    I will be quite busy next month as well (travelling) so if anyone finds some time and will to provide whatever update he or she finds fit, that will be greatly appreciated.
    -DaviD-

    Offline catfry

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    Re: Science Experiments in the ISS
    « Reply #57 on: 06/29/2008 02:04 PM »
    Science update for the week ending 29/6:



    Weekly Science Update (Expedition Seventeen -- Week 10) 

    3-D SPACE :    After a successful session on 6/13, the second session for the FE-2 is currently planned for 6/30.

    ALTCRISS (Alteino Long Term monitoring of Cosmic Rays on the ISS):    Measurements continue in FGB module.

    ANITA (Analyzing Interferometer for Ambient Air):   Continuing.

    BCAT-3 (Binary Colloidal Alloy Test 3):   Reserve.

    CARDIOCOG-2:   Completed.

    CCISS (Cardiovascular & Cerebrovascular Control on Return from ISS):    Reserve.

    CFE (Capillary Flow Experiment):    Reserve.

    CW/CR (Cell Wall/Resist Wall) in EMCS (European Modular Cultivation System):    Samples returned on 1J.

    CSI-2/CGBA (CGBA Science Insert #2/Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus):    The CGBA Ops team is hoping to run Side 1 of Silicate Garden Hab (S/N 2) in the next couple of weeks to collect data for the upcoming school year.  No crew action needed.

    CGBA-2 (Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus 2):  Complete.

    CSLM-2 (Coarsening in Solid-Liquid Mixtures 2):    Complete.

    EarthKAM (Earth Knowledge Acquired by Middle School Students):    Complete.

    ELITE-S2 (Elaboratore Immagini Televisive - Space 2):    Planned.   

    EPO (Educational Payload Operations):    Reserve.

    ETD (Eye Tracking Device):    Completed.

    EuTEF (European Technology Exposure Facility):     The experiment platform continues to operate nominally.  The instruments and its power feeder #1 have been de-activated on 6/21 because of planned power outage in ERASMUS USOC.  Afterwards the EuTEF instruments have been re-activated nominally.  A DHPU (Data Handling Processing Unit) software patch is currently being developed to fix the link error issues encountered with DEBIE-2 and FIPEX instruments. -- DEBIE-2: Link error still in work.  However a work-around allows for regular science data acquisition using an on-board IOP (Instrument Operations Procedure); -- DOSTEL: On-going science acquisition; -- EuTEMP: Currently inactive as planned; -- EVC: still under investigation.  On 0/23, a link with the HRM could successfully be established; -- EXPOSE: On-going science acquisition; -- FIPEX: It was noticed that a script run during Week 10 had to be repeated as the data file was corrupted.  The file has been deleted and a new script has been started on 6/25, containing fast measure program with 3 sensors; -- MEDET: Some commanding was performed on 6/23 to increase the frequency of acquisition of the microcalorimeter.  Commands to bring back to the initial value were sent on 6/24.  Continuously acquiring science data; -- PLEGPAY: currently in READY mode, no science data acquisition on-going; -- TRIBOLAB: The Ball-Bearing experiment 1/2/3 which is running since 6/16 has been paused during the EUTEF power-down on 6/21 and has been resumed since.  The experiment run is expected to last until ~7/18-20.

    FSL (Fluid Science Laboratory):   Further troubleshooting activities on FSL are planned for 7/1.

    GEOFLOW:    The start of GEOFLOW is pending further FSL troubleshooting and remaining commissioning activities (check of FSL optical modes).

    IMMUNO (Neuroendocrine & Immune Responses in Humans During & After Long Term Stay at ISS):      Complete.

    InSPACE-2 (Investigating the Structure of Paramagnetic Aggregates from Colloidal Emulsions 2):    In progress.

    Integrated Immune:    In progress.

    KUBIK-FM1/ KUBIK-FM2 Centrifuge/Incubators:    Completed.

    LOCAD-PTS (Lab-on-a-Chip Application Development-Portable Test System):    Node-1 surfaces were expected to contain little/no fungal material, but Greg’s 2nd swab contained 18 ng/ml of the fungal cell wall molecule 'Glucan' (within the 1-100 ng/ml detection range of the instrument).  This level is not a concern for crew health on the ISS and probably represents dead residual fungal material killed during cleaning.  However, such a reading might be a scientific concern if obtained during a human exploration mission to Mars, where biological material on internal surfaces could be transferred to the outside, e.g. during EVA.  This transfer could interfere with experiments designed to search for biological molecules indigenous to the Martian surface.  Chamitoff’s ISS results are helping scientists define requirements for spacecraft “cleanliness”, which need to be in place for these exploration missions.

    MISSE (Materials ISS Experiment):  Ongoing.

    MTR-2 (Russian radiation measurements):   Passive dosimeters measurements in DC1 “Pirs”.

    MULTIGEN-1:    Completed.

    MSG-SAME (Microgravity Science Glovebox):    Complete.

    NOA-2 (Nitric Oxide Analyzer):    Planned.

    NUTRITION w/REPOSITORY:    In progress.

    PADLES (Passive Dosimeter for Lifescience Experiment in Space):   In progress.

    PMDIS (Perceptual Motor Deficits in Space):    Complete.

    SAMS/MAMS (Space & Microgravity Acceleration Measurement Systems):   Ongoing.

    SAMPLE:   Inc16 samples have been downloaded with 15S and handed over to science team.

    SLEEP (Sleep-Wake Actigraphy & Light Exposure during Spaceflight):    “Greg, thanks for completing your Actiwatch initialization.  If you find your other Actiwatch, please let us know so we can coordinate the downloads of both Actiwatches into the timeline for your next session.”

    SOLAR (Solar Monitoring Observatory):    Sun observation window was expected to open on 6/24, however the sun was not sufficiently visible to start measurements.  On 6/25, the SOLAR platform has been reconfigured to PM (Pointing Mode).  After a while, however, the HK data were lost.  Some test on 6/25 and power cycles on 6/25 & 26 have not resolved the problem.  The issue appears to be related either to the LAN or to an internal process of SOLAR not sending HK packets.  The instruments are currently switched off.  Currently under further investigation.

    SOLO:   Planned.

    SPHERES (Synchronized Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellite):    In progress. 

    Swab (Characterization of Microorganisms & Allergens in Spacecraft):   Complete.

    TRAC (Test of Reaction & Adaptation Capabilities):   Planned.

    ULTRASOUND:    Planned.

    WAICO #1 (Waving and Coiling of Arabidopsis Roots at Different g-levels):    In progress.

    CEO (Crew Earth Observations):    Continuing.

    CEO (Crew Earth Observations) photo targets uplinked for Greg Chamitoff for today were Mount Rainier (detailed images of Mt. Rainier, right of track, were requested.  This active volcano lies immediately behind Seattle), Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming (detailed images were requested for information about roads and trails.  Mapping series of overlapping images left of track was requested.  Yellowstone Lake was in the center of the view and the NP), and South Amazonian Fans, Brazil (this site is almost never called out due to cloudiness [forecast was mostly clear for today].  The Aripuana River and its neighbor in central Amazonia have created vast fan-shaped features [“inland deltas,” – polygon].  Research is centering on old channels which appear as a series of sinuous white lines: aiming the lens left and right of track to acquire a mapping swath of images.  Visual cues were a highway and the Madeira River on one side and the Trans-Amazon Highway on the other.  JSC geologists are investigating inland deltas worldwide as analogs for similar features on Mars).

    CEO photography can be studied at this “Gateway” website:
    http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov  (as of 3/1/08, this database contained 757,605 views of the Earth from space, with 314,000 from the ISS alone).

    Offline robertross

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    Re: Science Experiments in the ISS
    « Reply #58 on: 07/01/2008 12:39 AM »
    Science update for the week ending 29/6:

    Weekly Science Update (Expedition Seventeen -- Week 10) 

    {Snip}

    LOCAD-PTS (Lab-on-a-Chip Application Development-Portable Test System):    Node-1 surfaces were expected to contain little/no fungal material, but Greg’s 2nd swab contained 18 ng/ml of the fungal cell wall molecule 'Glucan' (within the 1-100 ng/ml detection range of the instrument).  This level is not a concern for crew health on the ISS and probably represents dead residual fungal material killed during cleaning.  However, such a reading might be a scientific concern if obtained during a human exploration mission to Mars, where biological material on internal surfaces could be transferred to the outside, e.g. during EVA.  This transfer could interfere with experiments designed to search for biological molecules indigenous to the Martian surface.  Chamitoff’s ISS results are helping scientists define requirements for spacecraft “cleanliness”, which need to be in place for these exploration missions.


    Very interesting...and they say we don't need the ISS. These are the issues to be examined if they want to learn about proper science gathering on Mars (as stated).

    Thanks for the posts!
    Remembering those who made the ultimate sacrifice for our rights & freedoms, and for those injured, visible or otherwise, in that fight.

    Offline Jim

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    Re: Science Experiments in the ISS
    « Reply #59 on: 07/01/2008 12:53 AM »

    Very interesting...and they say we don't need the ISS. These are the issues to be examined if they want to learn about proper science gathering on Mars (as stated).


    Those that say that still have a valid point.  This does nothing for earth.  It is a self perpetuating experiment.  No Mars mission, no need for this experiment.

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